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Flashcards in Women's Hormones Deck (58)
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1

What is the normal age range for a woman to go through menopause?

35-55

2

Cycling after the age of 55 increases a woman's risk for what?

Breast cancer

3

What are the hormones that regulate growth and repair?

Insulin
Growth hormone
Testosterone
Estrogen
DHEA

4

What are sex related symptoms of menopause?

Lack of libido
Dyspareunia
Vaginal itching
Urinary tract infections
Frequent urination
Overflow incontinence
Sore breasts

5

What are the neurologic and psychiatric symptoms of menopause?

Panic attacks
Strange dreams
Snoring
Dizzy spells
Panic attacks
Skin crawling sensation
Memory loss
Migraine headaches

6

What are the major systemic symptoms of menopause?

Flatulence
Indigestion
Bloating
Hair growth on face
Alopecia
Low back pain
Aching joints
Osteoporosis
Weight gain
Palpitations
Varicose veins

7

How many functions does estrogen have in the body?

400

8

What are the neurologic functions of estrogen?

Stimulates production of choline acetyltransferase
Improves sleep
Enhances Mg uptake and utilization
Helps maintain cognitive function
Enhances production of nerve growth factor
Aids in formation of neurotransmitters in brain like serotonin

9

What are the sexual symptoms of estrogen excess?

Cervical dysplasia
Heavy periods
Increased risk of uterine cancer
Uterine fibroids
Swollen breasts
Increased risk of breast cancer

10

What are the neurologic symptoms of estrogen excess?

Depression with anxiety or agitation
Panic attacks
Irritability/mood swings
Headaches
Poor sleep

11

What are the general symptoms of estrogen excess

Weight gain (abdomen, hips and thighs)
Water retention
Bloating
Fatigue
Hypothyroidism
Increased risk of autoimmune disease

12

What are the causes of excess estrogen in the body?

Taking to much exogenous estrogen
Environmental estrogens
Impaired elimination of estrogen
Elevation of 16-OH estrone
Diet low in grains and fiber
Lack of exercise

13

What is E1 called?

Estrone

14

What is E2 called?

Estradiol

15

What is E3 called?

Estriol

16

What is the main estrogen produced in the body in the post menopausal period?

Estrone

17

What risk is there for women with high levels of estrone?

It may increase a woman's risk for cancer

18

Do we replace estrone?

No

19

What does estradiol do to lipids in the body?

Decreased cholesterol
Increased HDL
Decreased LDL
Decreased triglycerides

20

What hormone does estradiol increase?

Serotonin

21

What does estradiol do for the bone structure and what nutrients will it help absorb?

It helps maintain bone structure
Calcium, magnesium and zinc

22

How does estradiol help with cognitive function?

It helps to maintain memory

23

What sex hormone decreases fatigue?

Estradiol

24

What is the binding strength of estrone compared to estradiol?

It has 1/8th the binding power of estradiol

25

What is the binding power of estriol compared to estradiol?

It has 1/80th the binding power

26

When will you see the highest estriol levels?

During pregnancy

27

Estriol may be protective for what disease?

Breast cancer

28

Estradiol is better than estriol in what conditions?

Bone, heart and brain protection

29

How does estriol decrease breast cancer risk?

It blocks estrone by blocking estrogen receptor sites in the breasts

30

What effect does estriol have on lipids?

Increases HDL
Decreases LDL