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Flashcards in Work related statues Deck (31)
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list 4 reasons why people need to know safety legislation in optometric practise

- Employer viewpoints
- Employee viewpoints
- Understanding patient needs
- Occupational dispensing needs


when was the health and safety at work act created



what is/explain the health and safety at work act 1974

Employers must take ‘reasonable’ steps to ensure health, safety and welfare of:
- Employees at work (at the opticians)
- Contractors (e.g. a repair person, or the NHS visiting to check that we are complying to the NHS rules and regulations)
- Customers or visitors who use the work place (e.g. all patients and visitors who come to look at frames)


what is also now implemented with the health and safety at work act 1974

European Directives 1992

(but the health and safety at work act still remains the same)


list 4 things an employer must provide, according to the health and safety at work act 1974

- a safe working environment and maintain it

- facilities for the safe use, handling, transport and storage of articles and substances

- training, information, instruction and supervision as necessary to ensure employees safety

- safe and healthy working conditions with adequate toilets, welfare facilities, canteen, heating, lighting and floor covering


according to the health and safety at work act 1974, what must an employer establish if they employ 5 or more workers

employer must establish a health and safety policy


what does the management of Health & Safety At Work Regulations 1992 state that an employer must do

carry out a risk assessment of the work place and put in place appropriate control measures

e.g. when you start a new job, you need to under go health and safety training and the employer will also come and assess your work place and see whether theres any potential problems with you work place and then put some solutions into play.
The reason for this is because it relates to the health and safety act of 1974 and it is also a part of the health and safety policy of the company/employer


what is a hazard and name 4 possible examples

A hazard is anything in the workplace that could be dangerous
- chemicals
- electricity
- ladders
- open drawer


what is a risk

A risk is the possibility that someone may be harmed by a hazard


explain what a risk assessment involves

identifying hazards in the workplace and deciding whether enough precautions have been taken to prevent the hazard carrying a high risk to employees and visitors

e.g. of a drawer - if we make sure that the drawer is always closed by putting a message on the drawer reminding people to close it, then that drawer has a low risk of causing any injury to anyone who visits it/the area.
wheels on a chair could also be a hazard for a px.


list 3 certain guidelines employees have to abide to to conform to health and safety at work act 1974

- Conform to statuary requirements
- Take reasonable care to avoid injury
- Not misuse or interfere with equipment provided

e.g. if slit lamp is not working then you must refer this to the person responsible for maintaining the slit lamp and not try to repair it yourself


what does the Health and Safety Information for Employee Regulations 1989 state

All employers must provide H&S information as:
- Displayed on a notice board
- Leaflet (should be available)


list 4 things that theWorkplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 relates to

- Working environment
- Safety
- Facilities
- Housekeeping

Each piece of regulation deals with a different aspect of health and safety


what does the Control of Substances Hazardous to health regulations 2002(COSHH) do and give an example in a optometry practice

Assess risks arising from use of hazardous substances

e.g. it can be when glazing glasses such a methylated spirit or acetone, aerosol containers which could be inflammable when exposed to heat, in toilet, the toilet cleaner


what is the Health and Safety at Work (First Aid) Regulations 1981

- First Aid arrangement to be made by employers
- Apply to all workplaces regardless of size

It states that all employers regardless of their size, need to make sure there is first aid arrangements in the work place


list the 4 points that the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 states

- (as far as responsibly practical) avoid the need for hazardous manual handling

- assess the risk of injury from any hazardous manual handling

- (as far as responsibly practical) reduce the risk of injury from hazardous manual handling (that cannot be avoided)

- employees must follow any systems of work that have been laid down to avoid potential injury; make proper use of equipment provided for their safety and co-operate with their employer on H&S matters
(so can't do anything against H and S regulations)


why was the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 introduced and what 2 things does it state

Introduced to prevent injuries caused by electrical faults

- All electrical equipment and systems checked annually
- Equipment should be labelled, logged and recorded in the workplace


what does the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995: RIDDOR state

Employers need to report certain work related accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences to the Health and Safety Executive

e.g. this includes loss of sight and unconsciousness which could be caused by exposure to hazardous substances or electrical shock.
If a work related accident happens that is not dangerous, that still needs to be reported to your employer.


what is the Fire Precautions Act 1971 and Fire Precautions (Non-certified Factory, Shop and Railway Premises) Regulations 1976 concerned with and list 5 ways how

Concerned with protection of people in event of a fire

- Reasonable means to escape
- Suitable equipment for fighting fire e.g. various fire extinguishers
- Equipment should be well maintained
- Fire exits should be conspicuously marked
- Fire certificates should be displayed


what does the Personal Protective Equipment Work Regulations 1992 require and list 2 things that it states

Requires employer to assess workplace H&S risks

- Risks should be reduced or eliminated
- PPE should only be provided as a last resort


what 5 things does the Personal Protective Equipment Work Regulations 1992 state that an employer SHOULD do and 2 things an employer MUST do

Employer should:
- Ensure PPE is appropriate for the task
- Identify hazard
- Assess risk
- Select suitable PPE (based on the risk and hazard) - CE marked
- Provide suitable info, instruction and training about - appropriate use

Employer must:
Take reasonable care of the appliance
Report any loss/damage of the appliance to employer straight away


state 5 things that the Personal Protective Equipment Work Regulations 1992 state that a PPE MUST do/have

- Comply with UK legislation: design and manufacture
- Comply with relevant European law if supplying within the European community
- Products certified by an independent inspection body
- CE marked
- BS registration (or EN) and Kitemark (as this provides extra assurance of safety, reliability and quality)


what is the optometrist's legal duty and give an example of what this can apply to

If providing eye protection must ensure that protection provided is suitable for the purpose for which it is intended

e.g. an optom is practise may need to provide eye protection to the patient such as a pair of glasses that the patient may want to use in their chemistry lab or while playing tennis etc. for tennis, we should not supply the patient with glass lenses as we know if the ball hits, it can shatter the lenses. so if the patient makes the intentions known to us, then we must ensure the glasses can meet those requirements.


explain what the Display Screen Equipment regulations 1992:
who it applies to
what employers must minimise

- covers all kinds of display screens - VDU, VDT (Visual Display Terminal) or a monitor

- applies to people who use as VDU as a significant part of their normal work- employers must determine whether regulations apply

- employers must minimise the risks from VDU's (if the regulations do apply)


list 6 things employers MUST do in accordance with the Display Screen Equipment regulations 1992

- Analyse workstations (and reduce risks)

- Ensure workstations meet minimum requirements (e.g. provide adjustable chairs and suitable lighting)

- Plan work so there are breaks or changes of activity

- Arrange eye tests on request and provide spectacles if special ones are needed (if patient required glasses that is only required for use with computers, then the employer will pay for those glasses, e.g. not entitled if a -5.00D myope as they also require glasses for DV and more)

- Provide health and safety training and information

- Users is defined as a person using DSE for a significant part of the normal day (criteria are given)


name the 2 categories of people who work in regards to the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974

- H and S commission
- H and S executive


list 4 duties that are carried out by the Health and safety commission

- research
- putting into effect the provisions made in the health and safety at work 1974 act
- passing regulations to support the provisions in the Act
- codes of practice (which all employers have to follow)


list 2 duties that are carried out by the Health and safety executive

- information and advice to government ministers
- investigate breaches (to a major level)


what is the litigation for failure to comply with H and S regulations

criminal prosecution in the Magistrate's Court or a Crown Court


what is the litigation for failure to ensure safe working practise/environment

employee can sue for personal injury
e.g. if theres a no slip hazard sign on the wet floor