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A2 History (From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Germany, 1900-45) > World War 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in World War 2 Deck (53)
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1

Date: Invasion of France

1940

2

Date: Declaration of War on USA, Operation Barbarossa

1941

3

Date: Stalingrad

1943

4

Date: D-Day

1944

5

How many countries under German control by end of 1940

9 (France, Poland, Belgium, Netherlands, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Denmark, Norway)

6

General gist of ww2

1939-1 Nazis v. successful
1941-3 Nazis become unsuccessful (Defeated in North Africa, USA enters, Stalingrad)
-1944-5 Destruction of Germany

7

Failure of Stalingrad 1943

Resulted in Loss of 300,000 men (entire 6th army)

8

Germany inefficiency statistic

In 1940 Britain spent half as much as Germany on War production but produced
- 50% more aircraft
- 11x more armoured cards
- Nearly as many tanks

9

Why was USA entering war significant?

World's largest economy at the time
Brought (over course of war) 16 million armed forces personnel
Germany now fighting both world's largest economies (USA and USSR) and same time

10

Rations Bread

Bread 10kg (per month) 1939, by 1945 3.6 kg/month

11

Rations meat + bonuses

500 grammes a week 1939, down to 300g in 1942
At christmas every German got an extra 200g of meat rationed

12

Goebbel's total war speech

in 1943, resulted in closure of 9000 buisnesses

13

Ration fact

Until 1944, rations were in excess of calorific requirement

14

Allied bombing statistics (6)

305,000 Germans died from allied bombing
-59% of Dresden and 33% of Berlin was destroyed
-2 million homes drestroyed
- 650,000 bombs dropped on Germany in 1944 compared with 9,000 on Britain
-Hamburg 75% destroyed (especially after the summer of 1943)
-Cologne (61% destroyed)

15

Why did Germans fight until the end? (5)

- Scared of what Jews might do in revenge if Germany lost
- Many didn't want another Versailles treaty
- Many leading Nazis guilty of War Crimes, would be heavily punished by Allies
- Soldiers scared of consequences for flagging/not being committed
- Some soldiers did buy into the propaganda of defending themselves against an 'inferior race'/ridding world of Bolshevism

16

How many Germans were court-martialed and sentenced to death in ww2

15,000 Germany soldiers sentenced to death by Germany compared with 18 in ww1

17

suicide statistic

In 1945, 7000 suicides were reported in Berlin

18

Gist of rations

Germans never exposed to shortages, queuing and inflation that existed in ww1

19

captured airmen statistic

Only 1% of captured (by German people) airmen were killed or lynched (by the Germany people), not much hostility felt towards them in Germany

20

German military deaths statistic

2/3 of all German servicemen who were killed in ww2 died in 1944-5

21

Fall in output per head 1939-40?

12.5%

22

Number of workers in the workforce in 1940 compared to 1939?

3.5 million fewer in 1940 than in 1939

23

Number of workers that Fritz Sauckel brought in to the workforce in february 1942?

The 1942 compulsory labour decree brought in 2.5 million new workers

24

Number of foreign workers in Germany by the end of 1942?

2.5 million

25

Speer successes? (4)

-Ammunition production rose by 97%
-Tank production rose by 25%
-German war production trebeled between 1942 and 1944
-Productivity per worker increased by 60% in munitions

26

Increase in Iron Ore supplies 1940-1943 to conquering of countries?

-1940: 13.4million tons
-1943: 20.2 million tons

27

Women in workforce facts? (4)

-Between 1939 and 1944 only 200,000 extra women entered the workforce
-1939: 14.6 million women in employment
-1941: 14.2 million women in employment
-1944: 14.9 million women in employment
CONFLICT BETWEEN IDEOLOGY AND PRACTICALITY

28

Nazi war propaganda? (4)

- Film: "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen" (1943)
"Kolberg "(1945) which cost 80.5 million Reichmarks to make.
-Only 30 out of 400 cinemas in Berlin remained due to Gobbel's Total War
-The propaganda ministry sold 32.5 million copies of the Nazi party 'Word Of the Week'
-In 1940 40million theatre tickets were sold

29

Examples of Soviet War atrocities

-Katyn Massacre 1940 (8,000 dead)
-Nemmensdorf Massacre 1944
-Mass rapes in 1945, especially in liberation of Poland

30

date: Hitler's order to deport German jews to Eastern Europe?

1941