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A2 History (From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Germany, 1900-45) > World War One > Flashcards

Flashcards in World War One Deck (26)
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1

What percentage of the cost of the war was met by taxation?

Only 16% of the cost of the war (£8.4 million, not adjusted for inflation) was met by taxation

2

Inflation statistic

Between 1913 - 1918 the value of the Mark declined by 75%

3

War deaths statistic

Over course of war, 2 million soldiers died, 6.3 million were injured

4

Living standards statistic

Living standards fell by 20-30% (over course of war)

5

Reichstag law fact

Rstag delegated all of its legislative powers to Bundesrat at beginning of war but still have ability to oversea/change the bills. Did not change anything over course of war/800 laws.

6

Grain harvest fact

Germany's grain harvest fell from 27.1 million in 1914 to 14.6 million in 1917

7

Imports fact before the war

Before the war, in 1914, Germany still imported 25% of all its food

8

Mobilisation fact

Mobilisation in 1914 drained countryside of 33% (one-third) of all its workforce

9

Agricultural workers conscription fact

End of 1914 50% of agricultural workers had been conscripted

10

Fats consumption fact

in 1918 German ration for fats was only 7% of pre-war consumption

11

War credits opposition fact

End of 1914, only one SPD deupty Karl Liebknecht opposed war credits. By end of 1915, 20 deputies did

12

When did the 'Silent Dictatorship' come into power?

August 1916

13

Auxiliary Labour Law Fact

A.L.L was passed in 1916, was essentially forced labour. Failed to mobilise extra labour because none existed. But did increase munitions production from 72,000 tons in 1915 to 144,000 in 1917

14

When was the Turnip winter?

Winter of 1916-1917

15

Dairy production/ animal fats fact

Both dairy production and animal fats fell by one-third in 1918

16

What was another name for queuing in Germany?

Polonaise - a slow dance

17

The next statement is false

The previous statement is true

18

American entry fact

USA declares war on Germany April 1917 (2 shots for late entry) and brings another 2,000,000 mobilised men into war immediately

19

April 1917 protest fact

In April 1917 over 300,000 workers protested for an end to the war

20

USPD formation fact

In March 1917 USPD formed, they called for an end to the war and by 1918 it had 100,000 members

21

What was the July Crisis?

July Crisis 1917, Bethmann-Hollweg lost confidence of Rstag/military and resigned. There was then a successful vote in favour of the peace resolution

22

German Fatherland Party

GFP created September 1917, called for a "Victorious Peace" . Supported by Ludendorff. By end of 1917 it had 1,000,000 members

23

Berlin strike 1918 fact

In January 1918 500,000 striked for 5 says for an end to the war

24

Brest-Livotsk Treaty

March 1918, gave Germany 3/4 of russia's coal/iron and virtually all of its oil and cotton.

25

What was the effect of Brest-Livotsk Treaty?

Temporarily calmed opposition to war down as it provided an illusion of victories

26

When was the Kiel Mutiny?

November 1918, as a result of the prospect of defeat and peace