WSET Level 2 Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WSET Level 2 Exam Deck (165):
1

If a wine is "off" it is referred to as ______ .

out-of-condition

2

The most common fault that can be discovered on the nose is?

Cork taint:

3

Wines that are slightly sweet are called?

off-dry

4

Tannin is present is grapes skins. High levels of tannins indicate what type of climate?

warm/hot climate

5

What is the body of the wine?

"mouth-feel"; richness, weight or viscosity

6

What characteristics indicate a good wine?

well balanced, smooth, complexity, layers to wine

7

What wine would match a rich heavyweight food?

full-bodied wines. Preferably red wine, but full-bodied white can go well

8

What does a wine need to match tomatoes, olive oil and vinegar?

high acidity

9

If you have a dry wine with a dessert what happens to the wine?

it will seem tart and over-acidic

10

What component in wine is a good match with protein?

wines with high levels of tannin

11

a, b, c, d, e"

a. Carbon dioxide (CO2)

12

What affects the style and quality of wine each year?

Climate; weather conditions vary from year to year

13

What are four vineyard activies?

1. careful pruning

14

Lower yields result in ________ grapes

riper; with more concentrated flavors

15

What are two pests in the vineyard?

Animal pests (birds

16

When does harvesting occur?

once the grapes have ripened. End of September or end of August if it's a good summer

17

White wines and red wines are both crushed but what extra step happens to white wines after they have been crushed?

they are pressed to separate juice from skins

18

What temperature does white wine get fermented at?

12-22 Celsius (53.6-71.6 Fahrenheit): preserves delicate fruit aromas

19

What temperature does red wine get fermented at?

20-32 Celsius (68-89.6 Fahrenheit)

20

What vessels can wine mature in?

barrels or large neutral wooden or stainless steel vats, concrete. Also takes place in bottle after bottling

21

What vessels allow oxidation?

new and old vats or barrels (oak)

22

What vessels do not allow oxidation?

bottles, cement, and stainless steel vats

23

What does vintage mean?

the year the grapes were harvested

24

The European Union divides its wine into 2 categories that are:

a. wines with a geographical location (GI)

25

d. Germany"

a. Appellation d'Origine Controlee (AOC)

26

e. Quality Level"

Cabernet Sauvignon

27

What are estate, chateau, domaine, and weingut?

wines produced only using grapes that been grown on its own land

28

What is a merchant or negotiant?

they blend together wines and/or grapes bought in from winemakers and grape farmers

29

What is a co-op, co-operative cellar or cantina sociale?

a wine-making facility whose ownership is shared by a number of grape farmers

30

Chardonnay likes cool, moderate and hot climates. Give an example of each of these regions.

Hot: Australia

31

Dairy flavors are the side products of a process called?

malolactic fermentation

32

What are lees?

dead yeast cells left behind after fermentation has finished

33

What are the areas in Burgundy that make classic Chardonnay?

a. Maconnais - Pouilly-Fuisse

34

What are six other countries that make Chardonnay?

1. Australia - Margaret River, Adelaide Hills, Yarra Valley,

35

What are the two climates that Pinot Noir likes?

cool or moderate

36

What are four characteristics of Pinot Noir?

Thin skins, light in color with low to medium levels of tannin. Red fruit, vegetal and animal nuances. Most are consumed young and still fruity

37

Generic Pinot Noir can come from Burgundy AC (Bourgogne AC) but what are four specific areas that make top quality Pinot Noir in Burgundy?

1. Gevrey-Chambertin

38

What is Pinot Noir referred to in Germany?

Spatburgunder

39

What area in the US does Pinot Noir do well?

California: Carneros, Sonoma, Santa Barbara - full-bodied, intensely fruity, some display pronounced animal/vegetal characteristics

40

Why is Pinot Noir not so successful in Australia?

Australia is too hot for Pinot Noir.

41

Bulk Pinot Noir comes from this small Eastern European country?

Romania

42

Cabernet Sauvignon has aromas of __________ and had high levels of _________.

1. black fruits (black cherry, black currant)

43

A bit further south of Bordeaux is another region that makes great red and this is called ________ and has the very famous village Pessac Leognan (white wine) within it."

Southwest

44

On the right bank of Bordeaux are the two famous areas of: a,b

a. St. Emillion

45

Merlot is a little less _______ than Cabernet Sauvignon but has more _______ and ________

tannic

46

Cabernet Sauvignon does very well in this valley in California?

Napa Valley

47

What is Carmenere?

an important black fruit grape variety originally from Bordeaux

48

c. Hawkes Bay"

a. Australia

49

a,b,c,d"

a. South Africa (Western Cape)

50

Sauvignon Blanc typically has the following characteristics:

strong aromas of green fruit and vegetation, high in acidity, medium-bodied, almost always dry

51

What are the two towns in the Loire Valley that make Sauvignon Blanc?

1. Sancerre

52

Sauvignon Blanc is blended with Semillon and Muscadelle to make dry and sweet white wines in this area?

Bordeaux

53

Where is Marlborough?

New Zealand

54

What are two other countries that make Sauvignon Blanc in the New World?

South Africa

55

What are the characteristics of Riesling?

aromatic, fruity

56

In Germany basic Rieslings are generally classified as _________ and above this in quality is ________.

Qualitatswein

57

What is the order of sweetness levels in German Pradikatswein?

Kabinett

58

Mosel, Germany produces what type of Rieslings?

Kabinett

59

Rheingau produces what type of Rieslings?

Kabinett, Spatlese,

60

Where is Pflaz?

Southern Germany (lies close to Alsace, France)

61

What are the two valleys in Australia that produce Riesling?

Clare Valley

62

What are other countries that produce Riesling?

France, Austria,

63

Are Welschriesling, Laski Riesling and Olasrizling Rieslings?

NO

64

What are the characteristics of Syrah?

thick skins, deeply colored, with medium or high levels of tannins and medium acidity. Full-bodied with black fruit and dark chocolate flavors

65

What are the characteristics of Grenache?

thin skinned, seldom deep in color, very full-bodied, red fruit flavors with spicy notes. With age, spicy notes evolve into toffee

66

What are three areas in Northern Rhone famous for Syrah?

1. Cote-Rotie

67

What are the blends often referred to in the Southern Rhone?

Grenache with Syrah, Mourvedre and Cinsault

68

What is Chateauneuf du Pape?

A southern Rhone appellation: mostly Grenache but can have up to 13 different varietals in wine --> typically full-bodied, medium tannins, low acidity, and intense, complex red fruit

69

What is a famous area in Australia that makes Syrah/Shiraz?

Barossa Valley (number one)

70

Grenache (Grenacha) is often blended with Tempranillo to make ________ but when it dominates the blend or is even 100% it is made in __________ in Spain.

Rioja

71

Bulk Syrah and Grenache are made in which areas of Southern France?

Languedoc

72

What white wine is added to Syrah to soften the blend?

Viognier

73

The main form of branding in Bordeaux is _______?

Chateau

74

The main in Bordeaux if often referred to as __________.

Grand Vin

75

If a wine is regional in Bordeaux it will be called ____________.

Bordeaux AC

76

What happened in 1855?

The French government ranked all of the best wines in Medoc. Rankings still stand today.

77

What are the 6 communes in Medoc (Bordeaux)?

Medoc AC

78

Red grapes of Bordeaux:

Cabernet Sauvignon

79

Green grapes of Bordeaux:

Sauvignon Blanc

80

Grapes of Burgundy:

Chardonnay

81

Cote d'Or in Burgundy is made up of the _________ in the North and the __________ in the South.

Cote de Nuits (North)

82

Which is better quality? Premier Cru or Grand Cru?

Grand Cru

83

What is a domaine?

a producer that makes wine exclusively from grapes grown in their own vineyards

84

e. Nuits St. Georges"

a. Red (Pinot Noir)

85

Beaujolais is made from which grape?

Gamay

86

Place the Beaujolais appellation's in order of quality, starting with the highest quality.

1. Beaujolais Crus (10 famous villages such as Morgon and Moulin a Vent AC)

87

Why is Alsace so warm, sunny, and dry?

Vosges mountains on west protect from rain/wind. Vines are planted on the eastern foothills, and benefit from the morning sun.

88

What is Alsace Grand Cru AC?

a wine from a superior vineyard site

89

What are two famous grapes from Alsace?

Riesling

90

What is the white wine (Loire Valley) that is often left sur lie?

Muscadet

91

What are the two grapes that dominate the Touraine and Anjou-Saumur region in the Loire Valley?

red: Cabernet Franc

92

The Central Vineyards (Loire Valley) make Sauvignon Blanc in these two towns:

1. Sancerre

93

The Northern part of the Rhone Valley is a monoculture with only really this grape:

Syrah

94

The Southern part of the Rhone Valley is all about blending with these grapes:

Grenache

95

SKIP. The majority of France's vin de pays wines are made in the Rhone and they are referred to as (Vin de Pays ____).

IGP

96

What are the main appellations in Languedoc-Roussillon?

Languedoc AC

97

What do the terms Grosses Gewachs, Erstes Gewachs, and Erste Lage mean?

a high quality dry wine from a single named vineyard

98

If you see Classic or Selection on a German wine label this indicates the wine is a ______ style.

dry

99

How many regions (anbaugebeite) in Germany are there?

13 quality regions

100

What is Liebfraumilch?

German bulk wine

101

What is Hock?

Same as Liebfraumilch (German bulk wine) but does not have to be a QbA (Qualitatswein)

102

b. Riserva"

a. heartland. Indicates the historic center of many DOC and DOCG regions. Located on the hills, these are usually the best sites and produce the best wine

103

f. Montepulciano D'Abruzzo DOC"

a. Piedmont (R) , Nebbiolo (G)

104

Primitivo, Aglianico, and Negroamaro"

South

105

Where does Pinot Grigio do well in Italy?

Northeastern area (Trentino

106

What are other white Italian varietals?

Trebbiano - most planted white grape

107

c. Orvieto"

a. Gargenega

108

c. Gran Reserva"

a. 1 year

109

The DOC region Rioja (Spain) uses which varietals?

Tempranillo

110

The Ribera del Duero DOC area in Spain used which grape varietals?

Tempranillo

111

In Navarro (Spain) the grape Tempranillo is often blended with ____________.

international varieties such as: Merlot

112

What type of wine does Catalunya in Spain make?

Tempranillo, Garnacha,

113

What color are the wines from Rias Baixas and Rueda in Spain?

white

114

What type of wine comes from La Mancha, Valdepenas and Valencia in Spain?

bulk wine

115

These areas in Portugal produce quality reds: a,b,c

a. Barraida

116

Most exported wine comes from this region in the Southeast part of Portugal?

Alentejo

117

What is Vinho Verde DOC (Portugal)?

white, un-oaked, light-bodied with light alcohol, high acidity, and a slight fizz

118

What are the two specific grapes in South Africa?

1. Black: Pinotage

119

What varietal does very well in the Hunter Valley in Australia?

Semillon

120

d. Coonawara"

a. Shiraz

121

What is the black grape indigenous to California?

Zinfandel

122

What are the two grapes from Argentina?

black: Malbec

123

What varietal makes Asti DOCG?

Muscast

124

What is Prosecco?

a dry, white sparkling wine made in NE Italty in Veneto

125

What is the difference between Sekt and Deutscher Sekt?

Sekt is German word for sparkling wine. Labeled Sekt uses wines from anywhere in EU. Deutscher Sekt can only be made from German base wines (typically Rieslings)

126

What is the traditional method?

the bottle is slowly tipped and jiggled so that the yeast cells slid into the neck of bottle. Tipping/jiggling can be done by hand or machine

127

What is the transfer method?

empty entire contents of the bottles into a tank under pressure. It is then filtered to remove the yeast, dosaged, and rebottled

128

Most Champagne is __________.

non-vintage

129

Cava is from _________.

Spain

130

Muscat de Beaumes de Venise and Muscat de Rivesaltes are called _________________.

Vins Doux Naturels

131

Where is Moscatel de Valencia from?

Spain

132

To concentrate the grapes you can do the following: Give an example of each:

a. Dried: PX Sherry

133

c. BA"

a. Noble Rot

134

What is the system called that matures sherry?

Solera aging system

135

What is Fino?

pale, dry Sherry

136

What is a Pale Cream Sherry?

Fino Sherry that has been sweetened

137

What is an Amontillado Sherry

Fino Sherry with more alcohol (less flor, therefore oxidises slightly)

138

Oloroso Sherries are fortified after fermentation to 18% abv so a _______ does not develop.

flor

139

If Oloroso's are sweetened they are referred to as __________ or __________.

Cream Sherry or Oloroso Dulce

140

Which is better quality - ruby port or reserve ruby port?

reserve ruby port

141

Late Bottled Vintage (LBV) Ports come from a single _________.

vintage

142

Traditional style LBV need to be __________.

decanted

143

Vintage Ports and Single Quinta Vintage Ports come from the best ____________ and are only made in the _______ years.

Vineyards

144

Tawny Ports can come in three quality levels, what are they?

1. Tawny

145

What are the two most common types of still?

1. Pot Still

146

c. Tails"

the alcohol that evaporates during distillation

147

What is Cognac?

an oak-aged grape brandy from a delimited region to the north of Bordeaux. Must be made using a copper pot still. Generally have distinctly fruity-floral aromas, medium to light in body, with smooth alcohol

148

What is Armagnac?

an oak-aged grape brandy from a delimited area to the south of Bordeaux. Most is made using a version of the column still that gives a relatively low-strength spirit that is quite harsh but full of character. Dried-fruit aromas, medium to full bodied, with sometimes harsh alcohol

149

c. XO"

a. Very Special - 2 years

150

What region of Spain makes Brandy?

Jerez

151

What is a malt whiskey?

made using only malted barley. distillation takes place in copper pot stills

152

What is a single malt whiskey?

a malt whiskey that comes from just one distillery

153

What is a blended Scotch Whiskey?

blend of malt

154

What is Bourbon?

American whiskey. Made using a mixture of grains (majority must be maize). Made using combo of column and pot still. Low-spirit strength with harsh alcohol and robust flavors. Aged in heavily charred new American oak barrels

155

What is the difference about Tennessee whiskey compared to Bourbon?

produced in a similar way, but is filtered through maple wood charcoal before bottling. Results in smoother spirit, adds sweet, smoky flavors

156

f. Cognac"

a. grain

157

d. Plata (Silver)"

a. older than 1 year

158

Cheap gins cold compound with botanicals such as juniper - what do the more upmarket distilled gins and London dry gins do?

they do a second distillation

159

Pernod, Ricard, Pastis, Ouzo, and Absinthe all have a flavor of _______.

anise

160

What are bitters?

a bitter or bittersweet type of spirit made from different herbs, roots and plants. Used to flavor and add a dry zest to cocktails. high alcohol. helps the digestive system and should be consumed after a meal

161

k. Amaretto"

a. fruit (black currant)

162

For long term storage of wine the temp should be ____________.

consistent

163

c. Well Chilled ______ degrees Celsius"

a. 10-13

164

Room temperatures

15-18 degrees Celsius

165

Sensible Drinking: Men and Women

USA 14g = 1 unit