XI. Arthrology of the Vertebral Column Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in XI. Arthrology of the Vertebral Column Deck (207)
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1

What is the Latin term for joint?

arthron

2

What is the study of joints called?

arthrology

3

What is the Latin term for a "tightly bonded together condition"?

syndesmosis

4

What material was responsible for the "tightly bonded together condition" in the joint?

dense fibrous connective tissue, a ligament

5

What is the study of ligaments called?

syndesmology

6

What fibrous connective tissue classically fills the joint space of a syndesmosis?

interosseous ligament

7

What protein fiber is the dense connective tissue primarily composed of?

collagen fibers which give it a whitish color

8

Beside collagen, what other proteins are ligaments composed of?

elastin fibers which can give a yellowish tinge to the ligament

9

What are the examples of the typical syndesmosis from the vertebral column?

most of the ligamentous joints of the vertebral column and the ligamentous sacro-iliac joints

10

The ligamentous sacro-iliac joints (or most of the ligamentous joints of the vertebral column) are examples of which joint classification?

syndesmosis

11

What is the synonym for amphiarthrosis joints?

cartilage joint

12

Which classification of cartilage joint is the first to appear developmentally?

(amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

13

What is the classification of primary cartilage joints?

(amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

14

Which cartilage joint classification would be considered secondary?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

15

What is the classification of a secondary cartilage joint?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

16

Which cartilage joint classification is present along the adult vertebral column?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

17

Which cartilage joint occurs between bones formed by endochondral ossification?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

18

Which classification of cartilage joint is permanent in its longevity?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

19

What type of cartilage is characteristic of the (amphiarthrosis) symphysis?

fibrocartilage or fibrous cartilage

20

What type of cartilage is characteristic of a secondary cartilage joint?

fibrocartilage or fibrous cartilage

21

Which classification of cartilage joint is secondary, permanent and composed of fibrous cartilage (fibrocartilage)?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

22

Which cartilage joint has limited motion, lies in the median plane, and occurs between bones formed by endochondral ossification?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

23

What are the characteristics of a (amphiarthrosis) symphysis?

limited motion, median plane location, support ligaments both anterior and posterior to the joint, more permanent in longevity than synchondrosis, and they occur between bones developing by endochondral ossification

24

What is the classic example of a (amphiarthrosis) symphysis from the vertebral column?

intervertebral disc

25

What are the four consistent features of synovial (diarthrosis) joints?

articular or fibrous capsule, synovial membrane, articular cartilage, and synovial fluid

26

Thickening of the fibrous capsule connective tissue will form the ...

capsular ligament

27

What generic accessory ligaments may accompany and support the capsular ligament?

intracapsular and extracapsular ligaments

28

What are examples of intracapsular and extracapsular ligaments?

intracapsular ligaments: cruciate ligaments of the knee
extracapsular ligaments: collateral ligaments of the knee

29

What is the generic function of ligaments?

stimulate reflex contraction of muscles around the joint

30

Type I articular receptors are morphologicallly identical to which sensory receptor ending?

Ruffini ending