01 Ethical Considerations / 01.04 Case Law, Right to Effective Treatment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 01 Ethical Considerations / 01.04 Case Law, Right to Effective Treatment Deck (22)
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1

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), treatment by a competent behavior analyst refers to

Competent behavior analysts have training in behavioral principles, assessment, treatment, research methodology, and professional ethics. For complex cases or those which impose risk, treatment should involve a doctoral level behavior analyst.

2

The Executive Council of the Association for Behavior Analysis (Van Houten et al, 1988) maintains that individuals have the right to

(a) a therapeutic environment
(b) services that focus on the welfare of the client
(c) treatment by a competent behavior analyst
(d) ongoing evaluation and behavioral assessment
(e) the most effective interventions available.
(Alberto & Troutman, 2003, pp. 506-514; Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p. 663)

3

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), treatment by a competent behavior analyst refers to

Competent behavior analysts have training in behavioral principles, assessment, treatment, research methodology, and professional ethics. For complex cases or those which impose risk, treatment should involve a doctoral level behavior analyst. (Van Houten et al, 1988)

4

A timeout procedure is written and implemented by a non-degreed behavioral specialist. You complain that this violates

one of the tenets of the right to effective treatment.

5

The Executive Council of the Association for Behavior Analysis (Van Houten et al, 1988) maintains that individuals have the right to services that

(a) a therapeutic environment
(b) services that focus on the welfare of the client
(c) treatment by a competent behavior analyst
(d) ongoing evaluation and behavioral assessment
(e) the most effective interventions available.
(Alberto & Troutman, 2003, pp. 506-514; Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007, p. 663)

6

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), teaching functional skills refers to behaviors that

According to Van Houten et al (1988), functional skills refers to teaching skills that foster access to positive and negative reinforcement, reducing behaviors that interfere with independence or social acceptability, and teaching skills that benefit society at large. It is understood that some skills may only be partially learned. However, everyone has the right to benefit from participation in community life.

7

A timeout procedure calls for isolation for one hour. You complain that this directly violates ______ and ______.

Hancock v. Avery (1969) and The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988)

8

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), the goal of personal welfare is fostered by

is fostered by the use of peer review and human rights committees when treatment involves risk to the individual, a focus on providing functional skills that foster independence, and the client or advocate being actively involved in treatment-related decisions, among other things. Note that as behavior analysts, we do not conduct medical reviews and that "peer review" refers to professional peers. Therefore, peer review excludes parents/advocates. (However, a parent/advocate representative is often included in a human rights review process.)

a focus on providing functional skills that foster independence.

9

The Executive Council of the Association for Behavior Analysis (Van Houten et al. 1988) maintains that individuals have the right to

effective treatment.

10

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), teaching functional skills refers to behaviors that

may not be fully achieved.

11

A punishment procedure calls for withholding of meals. You complain that this directly violates

Wyatt v. Stickney (1972).

12

A goal is likely to be appropriate if it

enables access to more reinforcement

Baer, Wolf, Risley (1968) maintained that behaviors should be targeted that are socially relevant. Behaviors that result in additional reinforcement are likely to be relevant. Certainly one would want to MAXIMIZE negative reinforcement (i.e., one's ability to reduce aversive stimuli). Moreover, primary reinforcement is not necessarily superior to secondary reinforcement.

13

One option to address severe self-injury uses only positive reinforcement and skill development. The other option includes an aversive component, but is expected to be effective more quickly. According to Van Houten et al (1988), the

latter option should have a serious consideration.

According to Van Houten et al (1988), sometimes the overall level of restrictiveness is different than the absolute level of restrictiveness. The former takes into consideration the time to achieve an acceptable outcome and the consequences of delay of intervention (e.g., number of times behavior occurred and associated injuries prior to achieving an acceptable outcome), whereas the latter focuses on the consequent event (e.g., loss of privileges, spank).

14

Which is the most appropriate goal?

-understanding how to make purchases in a store.
*** -independently making purchases in a store.
-explaining how to make a purchase in a store.
-(all of the others)

15

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), behavior analysts have an obligation to

always use interventions supported by research.

16

The Executive Council of the Association for Behavior Analysis (Van Houten et al, 1988) maintains that individuals have the right to

a behavioral assessment and ongoing evaluation.

17

According to Van Houten et al (1988), overall restrictiveness is a function of

overall restrictiveness is a function of absolute level of restrictiveness, time to achieve acceptable outcome, and consequences of delay of intervention.

18

The Executive Council of the Association for Behavior Analysis (Van Houten et al, 1988) maintains that individuals have the right to

(a) therapeutic environment
(b) services that focus on the welfare of the client
(c) treatment by a competent behavior analyst
(d) ongoing evaluation and behavioral assessment
(e) the most effective interventions available.

19

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), teaching functional skills refers to behaviors that

foster access to reinforcement.

20

According to The Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), a therapeutic environment is characterized by

a therapeutic environment is safe, humane, and responsive to client needs. It provides enjoyable as well as instructive activities that are age-appropriate and take into consideration client preferences. Such an environment provides the fewest restrictions as necessary. (Van Houten et al, 1988)

21

Hancock v. Avery (1969) ruled

on duration limits and conditions on timeout.

22

According to the Right to Effective Treatment (Van Houten et al, 1988), the goal of personal welfare is fostered by

is fostered by the use of peer review and human rights committees when treatment involves risk to the individual, a focus on providing functional skills that foster independence, and the client or advocate being actively involved in treatment-related decisions, among other things. Note that as behavior analysts, we do not conduct medical reviews and that "peer review" refers to professional peers. Therefore, peer review excludes parents/advocates. (However, a parent/advocate representative is often included in a human rights review process.)

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