1:Medical Math: Drug Order (Prescription Writing) (4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1:Medical Math: Drug Order (Prescription Writing) (4) Deck (87):
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FARAD

Food Animal Residues Avoidance Databank

1

What is a Prescriptions?

is an order to a pharmacist written by a licensed medical practitioner to prepare the prescribed medication, to affix the directions, and to sell the preparation to the client.
Is a legally recognized document and the writer is held responsible for its accuracy.

2

What should a standard prescription blank have printed on it?

the name, address, telephone number, and office hours of the doctor prescribing the medication.

3

What other information should be provided on the prescription?

Space for the number of refills and the practitioner's DEA (drug enforcement administration) registration number should be provided.
A space for the client and the animal names and the date should be provided.

4

As a possible legal document, how should the prescription be written?

should be written in ink and a carbon copy should be kept on file to protect the doctor and serves to complete the record of treatment.
Should be written a simply as possible and consists of a minimum number of drugs, employs the metric system and may use several abbreviations.
Must have the phrase "For veterinary use only".

5

What is the Superscription?

is the Rx.
is an abbreviation of the latin word "recipe" which means take.

6

What is the Inscription?

it lists the names and amounts of drugs to be incorporated in the prescription.
It includes the basis, vehicle, adjuvant, and corrective.

7

What is the Subscription?

the instructions to the pharmacist which may be in English or latin abbreviations.

8

What is the Signa (Sig:) or transcription?

instructions for administration of the medication which the pharmacist is to write on the label.

9

The signature of the practitioner must also be included on the prescription!!

:)

10

OTC

Over-the-counter drugs.
do not need a prescription.

11

Prescription drugs are regulated by what?

The FDA

12

What is the FDA?

A branch of the US Department of Health and Human Services since 1906.
Organized into different centers including the FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine (FDA-CVM) which ensures that animal drugs are not harmful to animals.

13

Responsibilities of the FDA also include?

testing for safety and efficacy of drugs, drug development and approval (NADA).

14

Biologics such as vaccines are regulated by what?

the USDA

15

A veterinary/client/patient relationship must exist before a prescription drug is prescribed.

:)

16

Controlled drugs are regulated by what?

Controlled Substance Act (CSA) of 1970
regulated by the DEA

17

What is the DEA?

A branch of the US Department of Justice.
Regulates the purchase, storage, and use of controlled substances.

18

How are controlled substances divided?

divided into 5 classes based on their potential of abuse or misuse by people.
the lower the class, the higher the potential of abuse.

19

Describe Class I controlled drugs (C-I)

highest abuse potential
severe liability
no therapeutic agents in the US
Heroin and LSD are examples

20

Describe Class II controlled drugs (C-II)

high abuse potential
severe liability
morphine, codeine, and amphetamine are examples

21

Describe Class III controlled drugs (C-III)

abuse potential is less than C-I and C-II
moderate liability
examples are anabolic steroids

22

Describe Class IV controlled drugs (C-IV)

abuse potential is less than C-I, C-II, C-III
moderate liability
examples are butorphanol and diazepam

23

Describe Class V controlled drugs (C-V)

least abuse potential
limited liability
examples are buprenorphine, diphenoxylate with atropine

24

What must be on a controlled substances prescription for class II?

the full name and address of both the veterinarian and the owner, as well as the identity of the patient.
also the practitioner permit number.

25

How must the controlled substances prescription be written for Class II?

must be typewritten or written in ink or indelible pencil and signed by a registered practitioner.

26

How long can a controlled substances prescription last for Class II?

no refills are allowed
limited to a 34-day supply after that a new prescription order must be written.

27

How can controlled drugs be prescribed for Class III, IV, and V?

may be prescribed orally or in writing
May be refilled but not more than 5 times within 6 months from the date of the prescription.
Some Class V drugs may be sold OTC by the pharmacist under specific conditions.

28

The labels for Class II, III, V when dispensed for animal use must contain what lable?

"Caution: Federal Law prohibits the transfer of this drug to any person other than the (client and) patient for whom it was prescribed"

29

Extra-label use

Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act 1994 (AMDUCA) allows veterinarians to prescribe extra-label use

30

What is the FARAD?

The Food Animal Residues Avoidance Databank
a computer system that provides information including withdrawal times of all drugs approved for use in food-producing animals, official tolerances, and pharmacokinetics studies.

31

Nonproprietary (generic) drugs start with a?

lowercase letter

32

Brand (trade) name drugs start with a?

uppercase letter

33

Dosage form of drugs can be what?

solid
liquid
gas

34

tab

tablet

35

cap

capsule

36

pulv

powder

37

sol

solution

38

susp

suspension

39

elix

elixir

40

tinct

tincture

41

gtt

drop

42

oint

ointment

43

tablets or capsules may be available as what?

"sustained release"
"controlled release"
regular release

44

How are dosage of drugs written?

written as unit of mass per animal or per unit body weight
mg, g, gr, mg/kg, mg/lb, gr/lb

45

Drug route of administration

Topical or local
systemic (oral or parental)

46

IV

intravenous

47

IVPB

intravenous piggyback

48

IM

intramuscular

49

SC
SQ

subcutaneous

50

IP

intraperitoneal

51

IA

intra-arterial

52

PO

per os (oral)

53

PR

per rectum

54

Local into the eye

OS=(ocular sinister) = left eye
OD=(ocular dexter) = right eye
OU=(ocular uterque) = each eye

55

Local into the ear

AS (auris sinistra) = left ear
AD (auris destra) = right ear
AU (auris unitas) = both ears

56

Frequency (dose intervals)

time intervals between dose administrations

57

q

(quaque)
EVERY

58

h

(hora)
HOUR

59

d

(die)
DAY

60

min

MINUTE

61

s.i.d

(semel in die)
ONCE DAILY

62

b.i.d

(bis in die)
TWICE DAILY

63

t.i.d

(ter in die)
THREE TIMES DAILY

64

q.i.d

(quarter in die)
OUR TIMES DAILY

65

q.o.d

(quaque latera die)
EVERY OTHER DAY (q2d)

66

p.r.n

(pro re nata)
AS NEEDED

67

od

(omne die)
EVERY DAY

68

qd

(quaque die)
EVERY DAY

69

q6h

(quaque 6 hora)
EVERY 6 HOURS

70

q8h

(quaque 8 hora)
EVERY 8 HOURS

71

q12h

(quaque 12 hora)
EVERY 12 HOURS

72

stat

immediately, at once

73

a.c.

(ante cibum)
BEFORE MEALS

74

p.c.

(post cibum)
AFTER MEALS

75

ad. Lib.

(ad libitum)
AS DESIRED, FREELY

76

a

(ante)
BEFORE

77

p

(post)
AFTER

78

c

(cum)
WITH

79

s

WITHOUT

80

aq

(aqua)
WATER

81

et

AND

82

noct

NIGHT

83

Rx Procaine penicillin G 400,000 U IM q6h

Give 400,000 units of procaine penicillin G intramuscularly every 6 hours

84

Rx Dilantin 100 mg PO t.i.d.

Give 100 mg of Dilantin orally 3 times daily

85

Rx morphine sulfate 50 mg IM q4h p.r.n., pain

Give 50 mg of morphine sulfate intramuscularly every 4 hours as needed for pain

86

Rx Lasix 20 mg IV stat

Give 20 mg of Lasix intravenously immediately

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