1. Political, economic, and social issues in the Weimer Republic to 1929 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1. Political, economic, and social issues in the Weimer Republic to 1929 Deck (26)
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Political: when was Kapp Putsch?

March 1920


Political: why did Kapp Putsch occur?

Reichswehr (army) revolted when attempts were made to reduce size and strength of German military, as required by TOV


Political: what happened with Putsch?

Freikorps, encouraged by army and led by General Ehrhardt, launched putsch and marched on Berlin, forming National Association and a right-wing government led by Wolfgang Kapp.


Political: how long did Putsch last?

The Kapp gov survived for 4 days before order restored in Berlin


Political: what did Kapp Putsch show?

showed army cant be relied upon to support democratic republic. But also suggested army was becoming a ‘state within a state’ – follow own policy regardless of elected gov exposed weakness of gov by end 1922, democratic parties lost votes and began to go to extreme parties such as KPD on left


Political: who undertook political assassinations? who was killed e.g.?

extreme right wing org
Walter Rathenau (Foreign Minister).


Political: how many assassinated all together?

1919-1922 there were 376 political assassinations


Social: what did Germany become centre for?

artists from all over Europe


Social: why was it centre for artists?

Berlin was place to come to experiment with modernity. German film industry boomed, along with new ideas in architecture, music and art. Berlin was new Paris


Social: what changed for women?

became more liberated. Entered parliament and professions


Social: what was the new women like?

educated, single and financially independent. However, most still followed trad roles


Economic: 3 major issues?

occupation of the Ruhr
Gustav Stresemann


Economic: why Germany already suffering economically?

already crippled by debt defaults in 1922 and 1923 on delivery payments of coal and telegraph poles


Economic: what did economic suffering lead to?

French and Belgium troops occupied Ruhr industrial region on 11 Jan, 1923.


Economic: what did occupation of the Ruhr cause?

passive resistance and strikes by German workers in area relations of French troops and German workers deteriorate


Economic: what did Stresemann decide on September?

o Stresemann decided to end ‘passive resistance’, returned to policy of ‘fulfilment; - resuming reparation payments to France in return for withdrawal but by then hyperinflation taken hold


Economic: what did loss of coal-rich Ruhr region create?

created more debt for the already debt-ridden gov.


Economic: what was done to fix problem of debt?

more bank notes printed, causing devaluation of German mark (lead to price doubling) and hyperinflation. Unemployment soared; middle class most affected


Economic: what do some historians argue about cause of hyperinflation?

deliberately allowed inflation to explode as if went bankrupt, allied have no choice but to reduce reparations


Economic: what did financial and political turmoil of 1923 provide for Hitler/Nazi party?

provided opportunity for Hitler and Nazi party to attempt takeover/putsch. Though it was failure, brought Hitler to national prominence for the first time


Economic: contribution of Stresemann with hyperinflation?

stabilised German economy by stabilising currency, replacing German mark with rentenmark and resuming reparation payments.


Economic: who was Stresemann?

the leader of German People’s Party


Economic: As foreign ministers what 3 major treaties did he sign off on?

Dawes Plan (1924)
Treaty of Lorcano (1925)
Young Plan (1929)


Economic: what was Dawes Plan?

plan to solve problems of reparations by reducing repayments and spreading them over longer timeframe. America gave loans to help rebuild/pay


Economic: what was treaty of Lorcano?

acceptance of Germany’s new borders and admission to League of Nations


Economic: young plan?

further reduction of reparation debt owed