1.03 Approaches to psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.03 Approaches to psychology Deck (36):
1

based on Freud's work

psychodynamic

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based on Watson and Skinner's work

behavioral

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leaders include Maslow and Rogers

humanistic

4

influenced by Gestalt psychology and the development of computers

cognitive

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focus on the unconscious mind

psychodynamic

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focus on early childhoold experiences

psychodynamic

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also called psychoanalytic approach

psychodynamic

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emphasis on learning and conditioning

behavioral

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classical and operant conditioning

behavioral

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responses followed by pleasurable consequences are strengthened

behavioral

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example: child who cries is rewarded by getting attention, then cries again in the future

behavioral

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idea of reinforcement

behavioral

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focus on people's ability to direct their own lives

humanistic

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people have free will

humanistic

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goal is self-actualization

humanistic

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a form of psychotherapy aimed and self-understanding and self-improvement

humanistic

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focuses on how people think, remember, store and use information

cognitive

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uses tools like MRI and PET scans

cognitive

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early leader was Lev Vygotsky

sociocultural

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emphasizes that behavior is influenced by social norms, class differences and ethnic identity

sociocultural

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uses cross-cultural research

sociocultural

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field that discovered the bystander effect

sociocultural

23

study of the biological bases of behavior and mental processes

biological

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part of the larger field of neuroscience

biological

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sees human behavior as a direct result of events in the body

biological

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emphasis on hormones, heredity, brain chemicals, diseases

biological

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field that would most likely study a genetic cause for schizophrenia

biological

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field that would most likely study hormonal links to sexual orientation

biological

29

first suggested by George L. Engel

biopsychosocial

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combines three major facets of an individual in trying to explain him/her psychologically

biopsychosocial

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considered a holistic approach

biopsychosocial

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considered an eclectic approach

biopsychosocial

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focuses on biological bases for universal mental characteristics of all humans

evolutionary

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seeks to explain general mental strategies and traits

evolutionary

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mind is seen as the result of natural selection

evolutionary

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views the human behavior of not eating bitter substances as an adaptive behavior

evolutionary