4.03 Endocrine system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.03 Endocrine system Deck (14):
1

organs that secrete (release) chemicals that travel through the bloodstream to affect tissues

endocrine glands

2

chemicals secreted by endocrine glands

hormones

3

"master gland" located below the hypothalamus, releases oxytocin and growth hormone

pituitary gland

4

hormone which plays an important role in child birth and milk production and romantic bonding

oxytocin

5

hormone that controls size increase as children grow up

growth hormone

6

gland that secretes melatonin

pineal gland

7

hormone responsible for biological rhythms (like the sleep-wake cycle)

melatonin

8

gland that secretes hormones that control growth, metabolism and brain development

thyroid gland

9

gland that secretes insulin and glucagon

pancreas

10

hormones that regulate blood sugar

insulin and glucagon

11

glands that secrete hormones that regulate sexual behavior and reproduction

gonads (ovaries and testes)

12

glands that sit atop the kidneys and release epinephrine and norepinephrine; provide secondary source of sex hormones during puberty

adrenal glands

13

hormones that arouse the sympathetic nervous system when someone is under stress

epinephrine and norepinephrine

14

hormone released during physical and psychological stress, triggers the release of glucose and fats to provide energy to the brain and muscles

cortisol