108-117 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 108-117 Deck (176):
1

lined with transitional ep

urinary system

2

PS fibers from splancninc nerve

urinary system

3

kidneys 

ureters

bladder

retroperitoneal

4

upper kidney protected by

rib 11 and 12

5

left kidney attached to spleen by

lienorenal lig

6

kidney

retroperitoneal

7

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long slender muscular tube

ureter

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urine from kidney to urinary bladder

ureter

20

travels in retroperitoneal location

ureter

21

long slender muscular tube

ureter

22

urine from bladder to outside

urethra

23

female urethra

4 cm 

opens into vestibule

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male urethra

20 cm 

travels thru penis and also conveys semen

25

distensible to pelvic cavity 

post to pubic symphysis

holds urine

urinary bladder

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pelvic cavity ant to post

bladder uterus rectum 

 

27

female pelvic cavity

paired ovaries and single uterus

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vesiouterine pouch (b/n blader and uterus)

female pelvic caivty 

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rectouterine pouch (female)

b/n recturm and uterus

30

male pelvic cavity 

paired ductus deferancs and seminle vasicle  and one prostate

31

rectovesicle pouch (male pelvic cavity)

b/n rectum and bladder

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b/n rectum and bladder

rectovesiculo pouch of male pelvic cavity

33

inguinal canal

female round lig of uterus

fibromusc. band attached to uterus extending from fallopian tube through inguinal canal to labia majora

34

inguinal canal of male

spermatic cord

suspends testes within scrotum

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contents of spermatic cord

ductus deferans

testicular artery

pampiniform plexus

vessels and nerve of ductus derefan

36

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under int spermatic fascia

loose aerelar tissue

remnants of processes of vaginales

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ductus deferans

 

conveys epididymis from testis to ejac duct

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ejac duct

empties into prostatic urethra

40

ductus deferans and seminal vesicle ducts

ejac duct

41

pampiniform plexus

form the testicular vein

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l. testcular vein drain into 

l. renal vein 

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R. testicular vein drains into 

IVC

44

Defecation 

mediatedd by pelvic and pudendal nerves

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int. spincter relaxes

during defecation ; 

pelvic nerve senses distension then reflexively relaxes int spincter

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ext and spincter contracts

pudental nerve

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last step of defecation 

conscious urge to defecate is sensed

48

nervous system

somatic= peripheral nervous system

49

visceral =

autonomic system

50

GI , intrinsic

myenteric nervous system

51

cerebrum

80% of brain mass

4 paired lobes w/in 2 cerebral hemisphere

command higher function

52

cerebral cortex

gray matter externally(6 layers)

53

cerebral medulla

internal white matter (myelinated)

54

corpu callosum

white matter tracts, connecting 2 hemispheres

55

primary motor function

frontal lobe(precentral gyrus 4)

56

frontal lobe

frontal ass. areas; executive function

57

primary sensory area

parietal lobe

58

parietal lobe

integration and interpretation areas

59

temporal lobe

olfaction 

hearing/auditory cortex

60

visual cortex

occipital lobe

61

62

basal nuclei

modulate motor activity first inititated from area 4; precentral gyrus of frontal lobe

63

diencephelon

thalamus

hypothalamus

epithalamus

Pit gland

64

pineal gland located withing 

epithalamus

65

release melatonin

pineal gland

66

pineal gland

body temp reg

apetite

circadian rhythym/sleep- wake cycle

67

sensory relay station

thalamus

68

hypthalamus general

body homeostasis

69

ventromedial nucleus of hypothalamus function

satiety center (hyperphagia with bilateral destruction; dec urge to eat with stimulation)

70

lateral nucleus of hypothalamus

hunger center(startvation with destruction; inc eating with stimulation)

71

septal nuclleus os hypothalamus

agressive behavior

72

suprachiasmatic nucelus of hypothalamus

circadian rhythm

inpur from retina

73

supraoptic nucleus of hypothalamus

water balance; ADH; oxytocin production

74

cerebellum function

coordinate muscle movement

maintain equilibrium and posture

recieves propioceptive inputs and position sense

75

purkinje cells of cerebellum

project to deep derebellar nuceli(project out of cerebellum)

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climbing fibers of cerebellum

aff to cerebellum

77

golgi cell bodies and grnaule cells

cerebellum

78

mossy fibers of cerebellum

al aff to cerebellum(except climbing fibers)

79

connects spinal cord and cerebrum

brains stem

80

midbrain and hindbrain

brain stem

81

cranial nerve come from 

brain stem

82

HR 

respiration

swallowing

arousal 

life function of brain stem

83

midbrain 

auditory and visual reflex

84

relay station and resp center

pons

85

relay station 

resp, vasomotor, cardiac centers

reflex; coughing , gagging, swallowing, vomiting

medulla oblongata

86

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temporal pole

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recieve higher levels of info then profect efferenct neurons to end organ

efferent (PS/motor) innerv

92

recieve sensory info and relays this to thalamus and cortex

afferent innerv(sensory)

93

sup sens. nucleus

efferent innervation

94

inf salivatory nuclei

nucleus ambiguous

 

afferent innervation

95

salivation (submand and sublingual glands)

glandular secretions

efferent innervation of brains tem nuclei

sup salivatory nucleus

96

salivation and swallowing

inf salivatory nuceli

nucleus ambiguous

 

(effeent innerv)

97

nucelus of solitary tract 

(afferent innervation)

taste

98

Cn

1

2

3

 

olfactory 

optic 

oculomotor

99

Cn

4

5

6

 

trochlear

trigeminal

abducens

100

Cn

7

8

9

 

facial

vestibulocochlear

glossopharyngeal

 

101

CN

10

11

12

]

vagus

spinal assessory

hypoglossal

102

sensory CN components

1,2,8

103

motor CN components

3

4

6

9

12

104

sensory and motor CN components

5

7

9

10

 

105

general aff

sensor 

5,7,9,10

106

propioceptive general afferent

5, 7

107

special afferent

1,2,7,8,9.11

108

voluntary efferent

3-12

109

invol efferent

3,7,9,10

110

ciliary ganglion location

lat to optic nerve

111

CN3

PS root of ciliary ganglion

112

internal carotid plexus

symp root of ciliary ganglion

113

ciliary ganglion distribution

ciliary muscle

spincter pupillae

dilator pupillae

tarsal muscles

114

pterygopalatine

pterygopalatine fossa (on br of V2)

115

PS root of pterygopalatine ganglion

> petrosal nerve of pterygoid canal

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symp root of pterygopalatin ganglion

int carotid plexus

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distribution of pterygopalatine ganglion

lac galnd 

glands in palate and nose

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ptic ganglion 

distal to 4amen ovale

119

ps root of Otic ganglion

< petrosal (cn 9)

tympanic br of CN 9

120

symp root of otic ganglion

plexus ass with middle meningeal art

121

distribution of otic ganglion

parotid gland

122

submandibular ganglion

on hyoglossus

123

ps root of submand ganglion

chorda tympani by way of lingual nerve

124

symp root of submand ganglion

plexus of facial art

125

distribution of submand ganglion

submand and subling small salivary glands

126

lies b/n ICA and IJV at level of T1-2

sup cervical ganglia

127

at level of cricoid cartieldge

middle cervical ganglion

128

C7 vertebral level

in cervical ganglion

129

related to loop of inf thyoid art

middle cervical ganglia

130

inf cervical ganglion

fused to 1st thoracic symp gang to form stellate ganglion

131

largest and responcible for most symp fibers to head and kneck; these post gang give rise to plexus in PS ganglia chart

sup cervical ganglia

132

olf CN 1

to and from cribiform plate

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type  of fiber for olfactory nerve

SVA

134

bipolar cells

origin of cll bodies for Olf nerve

135

function is smell

CN 1 olfactory

136

aferent innevation of CN1

nasal mucosa

137

optic foramen

to and from skull optic nerve(CN2)

138

type of fiber of CN2(optic nerve)

SSA

139

retinal ganglion cells

origin of cell bodies for CN2

140

afferent  of CN2(optic)

retina

141

function of CN2

vision 

pupilary light reflexs

142

SOF

CN3

oculomotor

143

GSE fiber type of CN3

cell body origin

oculomotor nucleus

144

function of GSE fibers CN3

ocular movement

145

efferent innervated structures of cN3 GSE fibers

lev. palpebrae

all extraocular muscles

except lat. rectus. sup. obliques, pup constrictors, ciliary muscles

146

GVE fibers of CN3

edinger westphal nucleus

147

miosis

convergence

accomodation

function of GVE fibers of CN3

148

SOF to and from

CN4,6,5

149

fiber type of Cn 4 and 6

GSE

150

fiber type of CN5

GSA

151

trigeminal ganglion and mesencephalic nucelus of CN5

CN5

152

function of CN4

turns eye down and lateral

153

function of CN6 

turns eye laterally

154

function of CN 5

facial sensation

155

sup oblique

efferent innerv structures CN 4

156

lat rectus

efferent innerv structure of CN6

157

CN 5 affererent innerv structures

upper eyelid

globe

lac gland

paranasal sinus mucus membrane

forehead skin

158

GSA fiber type

V2 and V3

159

goes thru 4amen rotundum

V2 fibers

160

goes thruoug foramen ovale

V3

161

functions in sensation

V2 and V3(gsa)

162

afferent innervation of V2

lower eyelid

mid face skin

upper lip

nasopharynx

163

afferent innervation of V2

max sinus

soft palate

tonsil

hard palate

upper teeth

164

V3 affeent innervated structures

ant 2/3 tongue

tempoauricular skin

low face

low teeth

165

SVE

origin of cell body

motor nucelus CN5

166

chew 

open swallow

function of SVE fibers of V3

167

muscles of masticatio 

tensory veli palatini

tensor tympani

efferent structres of SVE fibers of V3

168

IAM

stylomastoid 4amen

CN7

169

GSA fibers of CN7(origin of cell bodies)

geniculate ganglion

170

function of Cn7 (gsa fibers)

sensation

171

SVA fibers of CN7(origin of cell bodies)

geniculate ganglion

172

function of SVA fibers of Cn7

taste

173

aff innervated structures of SVA fibers of Cn7

ant 2/3 tongue

174

SVE fibers of CN7(origin of cell bodies)

facial nucleus(caudal pons)

175

SVE fibers of CN7 (function)

facial expression

176

SVE fibers of CN 7

m. of facial expression,

stylohyoid

postdigastric

stapedius