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Flashcards in page 88-97 Deck (136):
1

pass to root of lung

vagus nerve

2

deoxy bloods passage

r. atrium

tricuspid valve

r. vent

pulm. valve

to lung

3

from lung (oxy)

l. atrium

mitral valve

l. vent

aortic valve

to body

4

each semilunar valve has 

3 semilunar cusps

5

semilunar valve

have no chordae tendinae or papp muscle

6

RV to pulm art

pulm. valve

7

at left sternal border, 2nd intercostal space

pulm valve

8

aortic valve

L. vent to aorta

over r. sternal border, intercostal space

9

tricuspid valve 

RA to RV

over left sternal border, 5th intercostal space

10

mitral valve

LA to LV

over 5th intercostal space,

midclav. line

11

fossa ovalis 

remnant from foramen ovale

A image thumb
12

on atrial septum 

dividing the l and r atria

fossa ovalis

13

anulis ovalis

upper most past of fossa

14

crista terminales

vertical ridge b/n vena cava orifice

 

15

SA node on 

crista terminales

16

junction of sinus venosus and heart in 

developing embryon

17

sulcus terminales

vert groove on ext heart represent crista terminales

18

pectinate m.

from crista terminales to atrial appendage

19

appendage of r. atrium

r. auricle

20

conduction system

SA, AV node

 

21

both innervated by PS fibers from CN X and 

Symp. fibers from T1-4

Sa and Av node

22

pulmonic circulation

R. ventricle

23

pump deoxy blood from pulmonic vale to pulm art and lunf for oxygenation

r. vent

24

ridge of cardiac m. in ventricle

trab. carnae

25

chordae tendinae

thin tendnous cords from valve cusps to papp muscle

26

papp muscle

anchor chordae tendinae to heart valve

27

l. valve

apex of heart

auscultate 5th intercostal space at midclav line

-->systemic circ.

28

recieve O2 blood from lung and pump to rest of body

L. vent

29

out of aortic valve to aorta

l. vent

30

thicker than RV b/c of higrh after load from systemic circ.

L. vent

 

31

RV internal features

same as LV

32

pericardium

tough double covering of heart

33

phrenic nerve

pericardium

34

outer fibroud

par. pericardium

35

inner serous

visc. pericardium

36

coronary art

coronary ostia located withing aortic valver leaflets

37

drain to coronary sinus and drain back to RA

coronary art

38

coronary art

fill during diastole

39

ischemia (angina)

infarction(heart attak)

blockage of cor. art and disrupted plaque lead to 

40

l. circumflex art supply

LV lat wall

41

l. ant desc. art

ant wall LV

and interventicular septum

42

R. coronary art

r. vent

av node

post inf wall of LV

43

cardiac vein

sup to art

44

coronary sinus

continuation of great cardiac vein 

open into r. atrium b/n IVC and tricuspid orifice

45

tf all veins drain to coronary sinus

F

ant cardiac vein doesnt

46

medial to lungs in thorax

mediastinum

47

ant to pericard

ant mediastinum

48

thymus CT

LN

branches of ITA

ant mediastinum

49

within pericardium

middle mediastinum

50

root of great vesselfs

phrenic nerve

heart

pericardium

middle mediastiunum

51

thor. duct

desc. aorta

azygous vein

hemiazygous vein

post mediastinum

52

esophogus

vagus nerve

splancnic nerve

LN

 

Post mediastinum

53

above manubriosternal jnction(T4)

sup. mediastinum

54

l. recurrent laryngeal nerve

cardiac nerve

esophogus

trachea

thymus

brachicephalic ven

SVC

Sup mediastinum

55

desc. arota

aortic arc branches

aortic arch

asc aorta

thoracic duct

Sup mediastinum

56

at prim lymphoid organ

and master organd of immunogensis in young

Thymus

57

prolif and maturation of T cell (CMI)

thymus

58

thymoprotein

thymosin

thymic humoral factor

thymis factor

Thymus

 

59

thymic hormones

zinc

vit. B6

Vit C

60

inf to thyroid

vent/ ant to heart

thymus

61

deep to sternum in sup mediastinum

 with 2 lobes

thymus

62

inner medulla of thymus

lymphocyte and hassal corpsucle

63

int thor art and inf thyroid art

thymus

64

vagus and phrenic nerve

thymus

65

T4-T12

desc thoracic art

66

T12- L4

desc abd aorta

67

aorta terminates at 

L4

68

divide to l and right common car. ilac art

aorta

69

R and L coronary art

and supplies heart

ascending aorta

70

brachiocpehalic art

L common carotid

L subclavian

aortic arch

71

aortic arch

suplies head kneck limbs

72

Post intercostalis art

desc thoracic aorta

73

Post thorax and diaphram

Desc thoracic aorta

74

unpaired branch os desc. abd aorta

celiac trunk

SMa

IMA

75

paired br of desc abd aorta

renal and gonadal

76

supplies abd viscera

desc abd aorta

77

supplie head and kneck

common carotid art

78

ext carotid and int carotid art at sup border of thyroid cartiledge

common carotid art

79

sublcavian art

supplie upper extremities

continues as ax art past inf margin of first rib

80

branch of subclavian art

thyrocerv art

int thoracic art

costocervical art

vertebral art

81

runs underneath sternum

int thoracic art

82

gives off ant intercostal 

int thoracic art

83

extends inf as sup epigastric art

In thoracic art

84

sup epigastic art

continuation of int thoracic art

85

enters rectus sheath and supplie rectus muscle

Sup epigastric art

86

anastomose with inf epigastric art

sup epigastric art

87

common hepatic 

splenic

left gastric

celiac br of abd aorta

88

stomach spleen liver 

upper half of pancreas duodenum

branches of celiac art supply

89

inf pancreaticoduodenal intestinal 

R and Middle  colic art

SMA

90

supplies midgut; head of pancreas 

lower duodenum

rest of SI

asc and transverse colon

br of SMA

91

sup rectal art

sigmoid art

l. colic art

IMA branches

92

supplies hindgut; desc and sigmoid colon and upper 2/3 rectum

IMA branches

93

drains thoracic wall

azygous system

94

formed by R. asc lumbar vein

and 

R. subcostal vein

azygous system

95

empty into SVC

azygus system

96

ascends thru aortic orifice of diaphram

lies withing post mediastinum

peaves notch in R. lung as passes over hilum

Azygous system

97

hemiazygous vein

formed by

l. asc. lumbar vein

l. sbcostal vein

empties into azygous vein

98

ass. hemiazygous vein

formed by

4th to 8th intercostal vein

empties into azygous vein

99

symp nerves to abd viscera

splancnic nerve

100

cunteracts vagal .PS input

splancnic nerve

101

arise from thoracc ganglia

T5-12

pass through diaphram

102

preganglionic symp fibers passing through ganglia of symp. trunk w/o synapse

splancnic nerve

103

synapse with small gnaglia in tissue/effector organs which give off short post gang

splancnic nerve

104

distribute to smooth muscle and gland of viscera

splancnic nerve

105

T5-T9

 

> splancninc nerve

106

T10,11

< splancnic nerve

107

T12

least splancnic nerve

108

synapse at cervical plexus

> splancnic nerve

109

< splancnic Nerve 

snapse with sup mesenteric plexus and aorticorenal ganglion

110

innerve 

inf.. mesenteric plexus/ renal plexus

least splancnic nerve

111

SVC

drains

head

neck

UE

upper chest

112

nill valve

SVC

113

formed by L and R brachiocephalic veins

SVC

114

brachiocephalic vein formed from

IJV

subclavian vein

115

azygous vein drain to

SVC

116

SVC empties into 

RA

117

larger than SVC

Ivc

118

rudimentary and nonfunctioning valve

IVC

119

drains thorax

abd

LE

IVC

120

recieve blod from hepatic vein

IVC

121

emptie into RA

IVC

122

suprarenal br of IVC

adrenal glands

123

renal br of IVC

kidneys

124

gonadal Br of IVc

testes ovaries

125

lumbar br of IVC

lumbar epaxial muscles

126

transmits venous blood from abd viscera to liver and via portal system to the heart

Portal vein

127

portal vein> --- > ---- > hep vein > IVC

hepatic sinusoids

central vein

128

splenic vein drains

spleen 

stomach

pancreas

gallbladder

129

sup mesenteric vein drians

SI

cecum

Asc and transverse colon

130

inf mesenteric vein

enters splenic vein , the SMV, or crotch of 2

131

inf mesenteric vein drains

transverse colon distal to L colic flexure

desc colon

rectum

132

portal triad

portal vein

hep art

bile duct

133

lie on free edge of < omentum(ant to epiploic 4amen of winslow)

portal triad

134

portal vein is post 

port triad

135

hep art and bile duct are

ant of Portal triad

136

Portal vein carries 

twice as much blood as hep art.