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Flashcards in page 98-107 Deck (182):
1

cisterna chyli

located in the para aortic region below diaphram at T12

2

drain LN from

Abd

Pelvis

Inguinal region

LE

3

continues sup with Thoracic duct

cistern chyli

4

thoracic duct

 

continuation of dilated cisterna chyli

5

post and sup. mediastinum

thoracic duct

6

drain LN from

Low limbs

abd

chest wall

 

7

empties into venous system at junction of subclavian and IJV

thoracic duct

8

r. lymphatic duct

drain right arm

right side of chest

right head

9

empties into junction of r. IJV and r. subclavian vein

R. lymphatic duct

10

peritoneum 

 

membrane lining interior of abdominopelvic cavity 

11

single layer of simple squamous mesothelium

thin layer of irreg CT

peritoneum

12

visceral peritoneum

covers organs

13

parietal peritoneum

covers body wall

14

peritoneal fluid

fills the peritoneal space/cavity 

15

double layer fold of peritoneum pushed  into periotneal cavity 

Mesentary

16

suspends most organs of abdominoperitoneal cavity 

mesentary

17

allows path for BV and nerves

Mesentary

18

dorsal mesogastrium

> omentum and 

omental bursa

19

dorsal medoduodenum

dissappears (duodenum lies retroperitoneal)

20

pleuropericardial membrane

pericardium

contribute to diaphram

21

ventral mesentary

falciform lig

lig. teres

< omentum (hepatogastric and Hepatoduodenal lig)

22

either mesentary or omentum

peritoneal lig.

23

named double fold of peritoneum and connects 2 organs or organ to abd wall

Peritoneal Lig

24

ass. with stomach 

jejunum , ileum

appendix

transverse colon 

sigmoid colon 

spleen 

liver

GB

peritoneal lig

25

contain splenic art vein

and tail of pancreas

splenorenal lig

26

spleen to post abd wall

splenorenal lig

27

spleen to parietal peritoneum on ant surface of kidney

splenorenal lig

28

sep. the greater peritoneal sac from left poriton of < peritoneal sac

splenorenal lig.

29

gastrosplenic lig

part of dorsal mesogastrium b/n > curve of stomach and spleen

30

incise to gain access to left side of the lesser peritoneal sac

gastrosplenic Lig

31

part of > omentum

b/n > curvature of stomach  and transverse colon

gastrocolic lig

32

contains gastroepiploic art

gastrocolic Lig

33

gastroduodenal lig

b/n < curve of stomach and duodenum

34

gastrohepatic lig

part of < omentumb/n liver and < curvature

 

35

separates > peritoneal sac and right part of lesser peritoneal sac

gastrohepatic Lig

36

contains no significant BV (may be incised for access)

gastrohepatic lig

37

part of < omentum 

hepatoduodenal lig

38

liver to first part of duodenum

hepatoduodenal lig

39

common bile duct

proper hepatic art

portal vein

hepatoduodenal lig

40

separates > peritoneal sac from right part of

hepatoduodenal lig

41

forms ant part of epiploic 4amen

hepatoduodenal lig

42

liver to ant abd wall

falciform lig

43

ligamentum teres 

falcifomr lig

44

45

forgegut

esophogus 

stomach

duodenum

liver

gallbladder

pncras

46

art supply of foregut

celiac trunk

47

thoracic nerve

and vagal PS

> splancnic

symp

foregut

48

sup mesenteric art

midgut

49

vagal PS

thoracic splancnic symp nerve

midgut

50

2nd- 4th duodenum

jejunum

ileum

sppendix

asc colon

appendix

midgut

51

inf mesenteric art

hindgut

52

pelvic splancnic nerve

PS

lumbar splancnic symp nerve

hindgut

53

transverse colon

descending colon

sigmoid colon

rectum

hindgut

54

55

Q image thumb

A image thumb
56

Q image thumb

A image thumb
57

Q image thumb

A image thumb
58

esophogus blood supply

inf thyroid art

desc thoracic aorta

l. gastric art

59

10 inch muscular tube

esphogus

60

food from pharyx to stomach 

esophogus

61

pierces diaphram at cardiac orifice

esphogus

62

post to trachea

esophogus

63

travels thru mediastinum (sup and post)

esophogus

64

skeletal muscle of esophogus

upper 1/3

65

skeletal and smooth muscle

middle 1/3 of esophogus

66

lower 1/3 of esophogus

SM

67

PS inerv of esophogus

vagus nerve (esoph. branches)

68

recurrent laryngeal nerve(vagus)

motor innerv of eosphogus

69

Q image thumb

cardiac incisure

70

Q image thumb

A image thumb
71

fundus of stomach 

top of it

A image thumb
72

angular incisure of stomach

A image thumb
73

pylorus of stomach

A image thumb
74

> curve of stomach

and < curve

A image thumb
75

cardiac

or lower esophogeal spinchter

A image thumb
76

int esophogeal sphincter

ext sphncter

cardiac or lower esophogeal sphincter

77

outler of esphogus into duodenum

pyloric sphincter

78

direct branch of celiac trunk

splenic art

79

spleen stomach

splenic art

80

short gastric to fundus

Left gaftroepiploic to left > curvature

splenic art br

81

direct br of celiac trunk 

L. gastric

82

inf esophogus

< curvature of stomach

L gastric art

83

Br. of gastroduodenal 

R. gastric art

84

R. gastric art

r. lesser curvature of stomach

85

br of gastroduodenal 

r. gastroepiploic

86

R. gastroepiploic

r. 1/2  greater curvature of stomach

 

87

gastric ulcer bleeds from it

R. gastroepiploic art

88

Q image thumb

A image thumb
89

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A image thumb
90

liver met. function

produce bile and involved in cholesterol metab.

91

urea cycle

liver fucntion

92

produce protein

clot factors and enzymes

live fucntion

93

Detox and liver enzymes

Liver function

94

recieve substances from portal blood

liver function

95

phagocytosis and kupfer cells

Liver fucntion

96

line sinusoids and filter bacteria and other particles

Liver fucntion

97

lies under r. diaphram

large right lobe, small left lobe

liver

98

attaches to ant body wall

falciform lig

99

attaches liver to diaphram

coronary lig

100

hep. sinusoids

with fenestated end cels

permits flow of serum across

101

portal triad is

structural unit of Liver

102

art supply of liver

hepatic art from common hep art(celiac trunk br)

103

need O2 blood to Liver

for viability

104

portal venous blood

drain int.

filtering

detox of newly absorbed substances

105

all blood (hep art and portal blood) emptied  into 

same sinusoid

106

sinusoids empty

to common central vein

107

central vein into 

hepatic vein

108

hepatic vein empty into 

IVC

109

110

develops from mesenchymal cells

spleen

111

doesnt develop from primitive gut

Spleen

112

spleen 

lies in left hypochondrium of abd cavity

b/n stomach and diaphram

113

spleen 

ovoid organ

size of fist

 

114

blood reservoir 

phagocytosis

make mononuclear  leukocytes

Spleen

115

splenic art and splenic vein 

supply and drain spleen

116

celiac plexus

innerve spleen

117

red pul

blood filled lymphoids

phagocytic cells

lymphocytes

plasma cells

white pulp(lymphocytes around splenic art)

spleen

118

br on int surface of liver

gallbladder

119

store and concentrate bladder

gallbladder

120

bile

produced in liver

121

form the common bile duct

cystic duct(gallbladdder)

hep duct(liver)

122

common bile duct empties into

duodenum

123

sphincter oddi

ampulla of vater 

duodenal pappila

124

when spincter of oddi relaxes

cholecystokinin--> fat into intestines

Gallbladder contracts

bile is released into duoddenum for fat emulsion

125

gallbladder contracts 

no cholesystokinin; intestine empties

forces bile up the cystic duct to gallbladder for storage

126

cystic art(br of right hepatic art)

blood supply of gall bladder

127

vagal fibers (from celiacplexus)

innervate gallbladder

128

lymph drains into 

cystic LN then Hepatic nodes then celiac nodes

129

130

blood supply of duodenum

S and I pancreatico duodenum

131

duodenum

C shaped

surround pancreas

shortest and widest part of SI

132

common bile duct and panc duct

empty into duodenum at duodenal pappila

133

contains brunners gland secreting mucus

duodenum

134

jejunum blood supply

SM intestinal br

135

most villi for absorption

Jejunum

136

thickest musc wall of any SI segment

jejunum

137

valve of Kerekring

jejunum

138

Ileum blood supply

SMA(int. br. and ileocolic br)

139

peyer patch 

vit B12

bil salt for absorption

Ileum

140

more goblet cells and mesenteric fat than jejunum

ileum

141

no plicae circulares in

low ileum

142

ileocecal valve to anus

LI

143

site of fluid and electrolyte reabsorption

li

144

nill villi

Large intestine

145

doesnt sec. enzymes of have enzymes along brush border

LI

146

goblet cells 

absorptive cells

microvilli

LI

147

cecum blood supply

cecal branch and appendiculr art

148

blid sac

ileocecal valve enters vermiform appendix

lymphoid tissue

Cecum

149

Colon ascending blood supply

SMA--> ileocolic ,right colic

SMA--> middle  colic

150

transverse colon blood supply

SMA middle colon

151

descending colon blood supply

IMA left colic art

152

sigmoid colon blood supply

IMA sigmoid colon

153

colon

1/4th length of SI with larger diameter

154

teniace coli of colon

3 smooth musc bands

155

haustra of colon

pouches created by teniae

156

epiploic appendages of colon 

flate globules on serosal surface

157

tf ascending and descending colon are retroperitonea

T

158

rectal blood supply

sup. rectal art and middle rectal art of IMA

159

located within pelvic cavity 

from sigmoid to anus

stright

rectum

160

no teniae, haustra, epiploic appendages

rectum

161

anal canal

int disc--> inf rectal

162

last 3-4 cm of rectum

int and ext spincter

anal canal

163

invol; vol

int; ext spincter of anal canl

164

peyer patch 

subep, nonencaps lymphoid tissue

in ileum

limit # of harmful bacteria

165

retroperitoneal structures

not suspended from mesentary

plastered agaisnt post body wal, behind peritoneum

166

lumbar plexus innerv

psoas major minor

quad lumborum

167

ilacus

femoral nerve

168

curve of duodenum to spleen 

lobulated gland

pancreas

169

retroperitoneum

pancreas

170

head of pancreas

lies in C of duodenum

located to Right of midline 

L1-3

171

extends across with splenic vein under

body of pancreas

172

abuts spleen hilum

intraperitoneal and covered by lienorenal lig.

tail of pancreas

173

duct of wirsung(main panc. duct)

begins at tail and joins common bile duct to form ampulla of Vater, where it empties into duodenum

174

santorini duct (acc. pancreatic duct)

opens separately into duodenum

175

adrenal gland

triangular gland

located in adipose tissue on sup aspect of kidney

176

develop from mesoderm

adrenal cortex

177

adrenal medulla

modified nervous tissue

178

develops from neuroectoderm

adrenal medulla

179

NCC diff. into medulary cells

of Adrenal medulla

180

epe and NE

released by adrenal medulla

181

same effect as direct symp stimulation but last longer

adrenal medulla

182

can live without adrenal medulla

because post gang. cells provide same function and will compensate for the loss.