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1

What percentage of the population could take part in elections?

2%

2

Examples of unrepresented COUNTIES

Bedford had a population of 2000 whilst York had grown to a population 24,000 and did not receive anymore MPs-both received 2

3

The old political system was

outdated and unreflective of the modernising nation

4

House of Commons represented

ordinary citizens

5

House of Lords represented

the nobility

6

The political system was established by

a convention instead a codified model

7

Because of a conventional system

it was easy for corrupt practises to go virtually without censure

8

The king ruled with

hereditary power

9

To sit in the house of lords it required

a peerage

10

To sit in the house of commons it required the candidate

to win national election

11

what was the Eligibility for voting?

it depended on wealth. You had to own property worth at least £300 per year depending on the constituency.

12

The counties

were the rural shires in Britain

13

How many MPs did counties return to Westminster regardless of size?

2

14

What was the problem with the county vote?

it returned 2 MPs regardless of size

15

The boroughs

were the urban towns that over represented small boroughs

16

How many contested elections were there?

2 - as the leading families chose to divide representation among themselves rather than bribe voters in a contested election

17

What did the lack of secret ballot cause?

the opportunity for intimidation from landowners and employers

18

what did Pocket boroughs allow?

wealthy interests to ensure their political dominance as if they controlled the borough they could influence the political power and further their own ambitions

19

An example of a Pocket borough

The pocket borough of Gatton, Surrey was 'bought' in an auction for £90,000 so the owner didn't have to stand for election against a rival

20

What was the consequence of the system?

the wealthy controlled the representation in the Commons, the vote did not adequately reflect the different interests in the country

21

What was the distribution of seats based upon?

the importance of the constituencies at the time of the creation

22

An example of a town that is over represented due to the old political structure

Old Sarum has mostly disappeared by the 1700 and despite having fewer residents still returned 2 MPS

23

Which cities had no representation?

Manchester - population of 182,000
Birmingham - population of 144,000,
not recognised as a parliamentary boroughs

24

Who created the London Based society for Constitutional Information and when?

This organisation was created by Major John Cartwright in 1780

25

What did the London Based Society for Constitutional information do?

The sought to promote public awareness of the need for reform by pamphleteering.

26

What was the impact of the London Based society for Constitutional Information?

Raised the issue for reform in a more public sphere and ensured that reform would not be forgotten

27

What did William Pitt propose in 1785?

to disfranchise 36 of the worst boroughs and redistribute their seats to larger counties but was defeated by 74 votes in the commons

28

What was the impact of the French Revolution?

British citizens began to question the legitimacy of the political system and saw it as being ruled by the nobility.

29

What did Thomas Paine write?

Rights of Man

30

What did the Rights of Man state?

condemned the inequalities of the existing system