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who benefited from industrialisation?

middle and upper class


How much did the middle class grow to between 1816-1831?

from 160,000 to more then 214,000 (75%)


middle class

small factory owners or merchants


Richard Arkwright

he created a water frame that harnessed the power of water for spinning yarn
he was self-made commercial minded man
he came from a tailor who couldn't afford to send him to school
ended his life with a personal fortune of £500,000