Flashcards in 1.1 Cell Structure and Function Deck (23)
What is the function of the Golgi Bodies?
Seperates and packages proteins
What is the function of the plasma membrane?
It acts as an external barrier.
It controls what is allowed to come in and out of the cell
Describe the structure of the plasma membrane
Double phospholipid layer with proteins
What 2 structures does the nucleus contain?
Nucleolus and Chromatin
Where are the RNA units located ?
What is the function of the nucleolus?
Which DNA molecule carries the genetic code?
Name 8 organelles in the cytoplasm
What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum?
Responsible for intracellular transport
Describe the structure and function of the smooth ER
Has no ribosomes attached to it
Makes carbs and lipids
Describe the structure and function of the rough ER
Has ribosomes attached to it
Makes hormones and enzymes
What is the specific site of protein synthesis?
Which organelle has multiple folds to increase surface area?
What is the function of the mitochondria?
Acts as a power station where energy is made
What is energy stored as?
What is the function of Lysosomes
What is the function of Peroxisomes?
Detoxify toxic substances
Convert long fatty acids to short ones
What are the 3 things that make up the cytoskeleton?
Function of Intermediate filaments
Stop the cell from pulling apart
Function of microfilaments
Allows cell to change shape
Function of microtubles
Largest cell fibres
arranges cells organelles
What are centrioles made up of?