1.1 Cell Structure and Function Flashcards Preview

Chapter 1 The Animal Cell > 1.1 Cell Structure and Function > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.1 Cell Structure and Function Deck (23)
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1

What is the function of the Golgi Bodies?

Seperates and packages proteins

2

What is the function of the plasma membrane?

It acts as an external barrier.
It controls what is allowed to come in and out of the cell

3

Describe the structure of the plasma membrane

Double phospholipid layer with proteins

4

What 2 structures does the nucleus contain?

Nucleolus and Chromatin

5

Where are the RNA units located ?

Nucleolus

6

What is the function of the nucleolus?

Protein synthesis

7

Which DNA molecule carries the genetic code?

Chromatin

8

Name 8 organelles in the cytoplasm

ER
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
Lysosomes
Peroxisomes
Cytoskeleton
Centrioles

9

What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum?

Responsible for intracellular transport

10

Describe the structure and function of the smooth ER

Has no ribosomes attached to it
Makes carbs and lipids
Neutralizes poisons

11

Describe the structure and function of the rough ER

Has ribosomes attached to it
Makes hormones and enzymes

12

What is the specific site of protein synthesis?

Ribosomes

13

Which organelle has multiple folds to increase surface area?

Mitochondria

14

What is the function of the mitochondria?

Acts as a power station where energy is made

15

What is energy stored as?

ATP

16

What is the function of Lysosomes

Intracellular digestion

17

What is the function of Peroxisomes?

Detoxify toxic substances
Convert long fatty acids to short ones

18

What are the 3 things that make up the cytoskeleton?

Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules

19

Function of Intermediate filaments

Stop the cell from pulling apart

20

Function of microfilaments

Cell movement
Allows cell to change shape

21

Function of microtubles

Largest cell fibres
arranges cells organelles

22

What are centrioles made up of?

microtubules

23

Function of centrioles?

Form spindle fibres for mitotic cell division.