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Flashcards in 12. Chemistry Deck (32):
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Inorganic chemistry

The study of substances that do not contain the element carbon but may contain hydrogen

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Element

A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances with out a loss of identity

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Molecule

Forms when chemically combining two or more atoms in definite proportions

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Solution

A stable physical mixture of two or more substances in a solvent

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Solute

A substance dissolved into a solution

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Immiscible

Liquids that are not capable of being mixed together to form stable solutions

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Suspensions

Unstable physical mixture of two or more Immiscible substances plus a special ingredient

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Surfactant

A substance that allows oil and water to mix or emulsify

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Surfactant molecule

Tail is oil loving or lipophilic

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Ion

An atom or molecule that carries and electrical charge

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Alpha hydroxy acids

Derived from plants and used in the salon to exfoliate the skin and help adjust the PH of certain foods

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Exothermic

Chemical reactions that release a significant among of hear under certain circumstances

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Acidic

A substance that has a PH below 7.0

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Alkanolamines

Used in place of ammonia because they produce less odor

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Minerals

Not composed of organic chemicals

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Minerals

Not composed of organic chemicals

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Elemental molecules

Contain two or more atoms of the same element in definite proportions

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Vapor

A liquid that has evaporated into a gas like state

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Oxidizing gent

A substance that releases oxygen

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Pure substance

A chemical combination of matter in fixed proportions

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Suspension

An example is the glitter in nail polish that can separate from the polish

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Water in oil emulsions

Feel greater than oil in water emulsions

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Ammonia

The ingredient used to raise PH in hair products to allow the solution to penetrate the hair shaft

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Volatile organic compounds

Contains carbons and evaporate very easily

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Oxidation

The chemical reaction that combines a substance with oxygen to produce an oxide

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Logarithm

Means multiples of 10

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Redox

A chemical reaction in which oxidation reduction take place at the same time

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Matter

Any substance that occupies space and had mass

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Chemical properties

Characteristics that can only be determined by a chemical reaction chance in the substance

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Pure substance

A chemical combination of matter in any proportion

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Atom

The smallest chemical component of an element

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Combustion

Rapid oxidation of a substance accompanied by the production of heat