21.hair Coloring Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 21.hair Coloring Deck (74):
1

Diameter

Determined hair texture in an individual strand of hair

2

High porosity

Cuticle is lifted allowing the hair to take the color quickly

3

Hair color levels

Arranged on a scale of 1 to 10

4

Hair color tones

Described as warm cool or neutral

5

Natural

Warm tones that are described as sandy or tan

6

Blue

Helps balance orange tones in the hair

7

Primary colors

Pure or fundamental colors that cannot be created by combining other colors

8

Blue

Strongest and only cool primary color

9

Lighter

Caused by adding red to blue based colors

10

Tertiary color

Achieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring primary color

11

Color theory

When all 3 primary colors are present in equal proportions, the resulting color is black or dark muddy gray depending on the saturation of the pigment

12

Complimentary colors

A primary and secondary color positioned directly opposite each other on the color wheel

13

Temporary haircolor pigment molecules

Do not penetrate the cuticle layer because they have large pigment molecules

14

Traditional semi permanent haircolor

Only lasts 4 to 6 weeks depending on how frequently the hair is shampooed

15

Demipermanent haircolor

Type of hair color that is formulated to deposit but not lighten color

16

Permanent hair color

Type of hair color lightens and deposits color at the same time in a single process because Becuase It is more alkaline than demipermanent color and is usually mixed with a higher volume developer

17

Maximum lift

In one step color service 40 volume peroxide is recommended

18

Decolorizing process

Natural hair can go through as many as 10 stages

19

Overlapping color

Can cause breakage and can create a line of demarcation

20

Hair lighteners

3 different forms are oil, powder and cream

21

Weaving

Selecting strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a zig zag motion of the comb and lightened or the color is applied only to these strands

22

Blond shade

Hair color is generally flattering for clients with 80 to 100% gray hair

23

Salt and pepper hair

To cover, the color formulation should be one or two levels darker than the natural level

24

Pre-softening

The process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color

25

Lightener retouch

New growth must be lightened first

26

Three

Primary colors must be present to produce a hair color that looks natural

27

Double process blonding

The best way to obtain pale blond results

28

Violet hair

Recommended that you use yellow to balance it

29

Blue hair

Recommended that you use orange to balance it

30

Warm base color

Creates brighter colors

31

Demipermanent hair color

Deposits but does not lift

32

Hair color consultation

Look at the customer directly

33

Toners

Traditional semi permanent, demipermanent and permanent hair color products that are used primarily on pre-lightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors

34

Patch test

You should use the same color that will be used for the haircolor service

35

A greater degree of porosity

Is hair that has previously received a color service

36

A greater degree of porosity

Is hair that has previously received a color service

37

Under lightened hair

Will appear to have more red, yellow or orange than the intended color

38

Cortex

The layer of hair that gives the hair the majority of its strength and electricity

39

Pheomelanin

The melanin the gives blond and red colors to hair

40

Activators

The powdered persulfate salts added to the haircolor to increase its lightening ability

41

Soap cap

Technique that refers to a combination of equal parts of a prepared permanent color mixture and shampoo used during the last five mins of a hair color service and worked through to refresh the ends

42

Contributing pigment

Refers to varying degrees of warmth exposed during permanent color or lightening process

43

Reverse high lightening

Technique of coloring strands of hair darker than the natural color

44

Level

The unit of measure used to identify the lightness or darkness of a color

45

Patch test

Identified a possible allergy in a client

46

Lightened

A chemical compound that lightens hair by dispersing, dissolving and decolonizing the natural hair pigment

47

Volume

Measures the concentration and the strength of hydrogen peroxide

48

Natural haircolor

Colors obtained from the leaves or bark of plants

49

Glaze

A non ammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair

50

Resistant

Means it is difficult for moisture or chemicals to penetrate hair

51

Conditioner filler

Used to recondition damaged overly porous hair and equalize porosity so that the hair accepts the color evenly from stand and from scalp to ends

52

Hydrogen peroxide developer

Is an oxidizing agent that when mixed with oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop the color molecules and create a change in natural haircolor

53

Color filler

Is used to equalize porosity and deposit color in one application to provide uniform contributing pigment on pre-lightened hair

54

Slicing

Is a process that involves taking narrow 1/8 in (0.3 cm) section of the hair by making a straight part in the scalp, positioning the hair over the foul and applying lightening or color

55

The law of color

System for understanding color relationships

56

Virgin application

Refers to the first time the hair is colored

57

Eumelanin

Is a melanin that blends black and brown colors

58

An off the scalp lightener

Also known as a quick lightener is a powdered lightener

59

Progressive haircolors

Contains metal salts that change hair color gradually by progressive buildup and exposure to air, creating a dull metallic appearance

60

Strand test

A test performed to determine how the hair will react to color formula and how long the formula should be left on the hair

61

Color wheel

Your most valuable tool identified natural levels for a haircolor service

62

Red

A medium primary color

63

Semipermanent haircolor

Color that adds subtle color results

64

To raise the cuticle of the hair

Is an alkalizing ingredient in permanent haircolor

65

Natural haircolor

Also know as henna

66

20 volume

Standard hydrogen peroxide volume

67

A legally binding contract

Is not considered to be a release statement

68

Deposit color

Also known as semi permanent

69

Cap technique

Involves pulling clean dry strands of hair through a perforated cap with a thin plastic or metal hook

70

Non oxidative toner

Contains no ammonia, requires no developer and is gentle in the hair and scalp

71

Highlighting shampoos

Known as colors prepared by combining permanent haircolor, hydrogen peroxide and shampoo

72

Color penetration

Is when coating compounds such as hair sprays, styling agents and alms conditioners interfere in hair color

73

Oxidize and fade

Can't be caused by daily shampooing, blowdrying, and a permanent wave or a few days in a pool

74

Creamy

An application of lightener as part of a double process hair coloring, consistence provides best control