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Flashcards in 6. Deck (54):
1

Cells

The basic unit of all living things from bacteria to plants animals including human beings

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Nucleus

The dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell

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Daughter cells

Mitosis is the usual process of cell reproduction of human tissues that occurs when a cell divides into two identical cells

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Cytoplasm

The watery fluid that surrounds the nucleus of the cell and is needed for growth reproduction and self repair

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Physiology

The study of the functions and activities performed by the bodies structures

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Organs

Structures composed of specialized tissues design to perform specific functions in plants and animals

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Muscle tissue

Tissue that contracts and move space parts of the body

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Epithelial tissue

Type of tissue lines the heart, digestive and realities organs and the glands

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Joint

The connection between two or more bones of the skeleton

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Tibia

Larger of the two bones that form the leg below the knee

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Cranium

The oval bony case that protects the head

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Maxillae

Bones of the upper jaw

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Parietal bones

The two bones that form the sides and top of the cranium

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Ulna

The inner and larger bone in the form that is attached to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger

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Foot

26 bones

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Hyoid

Do u shaped bone at the base of the tongue supports the tongue it's muscles

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Origin

The part of the muscle that is not moving is attached closest to the skeleton

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Epicranius

The broad muscle that covers the top the school and consist of the occipitalis and frontalis

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Extensors

The muscles that straightened the wrist hand and fingers to form a straight line

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Adductors

The muscles that draw a body part such as fingers are more toe inward towards the body

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Peripheral nervous system

The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the nervous system

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Sensory nerve endings

Called receptors are located close to the surface of the skin

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Aorta

Largest artery in the human body

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Ulnar and radial arteries

The main blood supply of the arms and hands

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Popliteal artery

Supplies blood to the foot and divides into two separate arteries

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Procerus muscle

The primary needs a muscle of concern to cosmetologist

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Lavatory Anguililoris muscle

The muscle that raises the angle of the mouth and draws it in word

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Seventh cranial nerve

The chief motor nerve of the face

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Trapezius

The muscle that covers the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back

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Median nerve

A sensory motor nerve that with its branches supplies the arm and hand

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Deep peroneal nerve

Extends down the front of the leg

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Reflex

The simplest form of nervous activity that includes a sensory and motor nerve

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Deoxygenated blood

Flows from the heart to the lungs for oxygen and we should move on then returns that blood to the left atrium so oxygen-rich blood can be delivered to the body

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Buccal

Nerve affects the muscles of the mouth

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Blood

Equalizes body temp

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Infraorbital artery

Supplies blood to the muscle of the eye

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Facial artery

Technical term is the external maxillary artery

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Endocrine glands

Also known as ductless glands release hormonal secretions directly into the bloodstream

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Pituitary gland

Land that affects almost every physiological process of the body

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Ophthalmic nerve

Supplies impulses to the skin of the four head upper eyelid interior portions of the scalp eyeball and nasal passage

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Heart

Keeps blood moving within the circulatory system

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Integumentary gland

The complex system that serves as a protective covering and helps regulate the body temperature

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Gastrointestinal system

Mouth stomach intestines salivary and gastric glands and other organs

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Circulatory system

Distributes blood throughout the body

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Digestive

Responsible for breaking down food into nutrients and waste

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Endocrine system

The body system consisting of a group of specialized glands that affect the growth development sexual function and health of the entire body

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Lymphatic system

Text the body from disease by developing immunities it is during disease causing microorganisms

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Muscular system

Covers shapes and hold the skeletal system in place

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Nervous system

Frozen corn it's all other systems of the body and makes them work harmoniously and efficiently

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Reproductive system

Performs the functions of producing offspring in passing on the genetic code from one generation to another

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Respiratory system

Makes blood and oxygen available to the body structures through breathing in illuminating carbon dioxide

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Skeletal system

Forms the physical foundation

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Anatomy

The study of the human body stricture function pathology of the nervous system

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Lymph nodes

Filter the lymphatic vessels which fight infection