16. Haircutting Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 16. Haircutting Deck (73):
1

Horizontal lines

The straight lines used to remove weight and create one length and low elevation haircuts

2

Vertical lines

Straight lines used to remove weight to create graduated or layered haircuts

3

Sections

For control during a haircutting the hair is parted into working areas

4

Cutting lines

The angle which the fingers are held when cutting the lines that creates the end shape

5

Traveling guideline

Guideline used when creating layers of a graduated haircut

6

Over direction

The technique of combing the hair away from its natural falling position rather than straight out from the head

7

Long face

The stylist would recommend a style that adds fullness to the sides

8

Curly hair

Use less elevation or leave the hair a but pinger because of shrinkage

9

Growth pattern

The direction in which the hair grows from the scalp also referred to as a natural fall of natural falling position

10

Barber comb

Comb used for close tapers in the bake area and sides when using the scissors-over- comb technique

11

Transferring the comb

The technique used to free up the cutting hand at a subsection

12

Tension

Term used to describe the amount of pressure applied when combing and holding subsections

13

Rule of thumb

When cutting hiar is to stand directly in front of the area you are cutting

14

Blunt haircut

Asks called a beaver graduated haircut, it is customary to use a horizontal cutting line and cut below your fingers or on the insides of your knuckles

15

Weight line

Visual line in a haircut where the ends of the hair hang together

16

Cross checking

Parting the hair in the opposite way it was cut at the same elevation to check for precision of line and shape

17

Wide teeth of the comb

While cutting a blunt haircut, always comb the subsection first, with the wide teeth, then turn the comb around and reconsider with the wide teeth

18

Locating bang area

It is important to work with the natural distribution, where and how the hair is moved over the head

19

Slide cutting

A method of cutting or layering the hair in which fingers and shears glide along be edge of the hair to remove length

20

Texturizing

The process of removing excess bulk without shortening the hair length

21

Slithering

The process of thinning the hair to graduated lengths using a sliding movement of the shears with the blades kept partially open

22

Slicing technique

It is best to work on dry hair when removing weight or on the surface of the haircut

23

Clipper over comb technique

Amount of hair that is removed is determined by the angle of the comb

24

Unnecessary wear and user fatigue

Cause wine the blade tension on shears is too tight

25

Between the stylist and clients

The ability to duplicate an existing haircut or create a new haircut from a photo will build a stronger relationship

26

Elevation

Created by graduation and layers

27

Perimeter

A guideline located at the outer line of the cut

28

Only as needed

Sharpen shears

29

Precise lines

Use moderate tension to straight hair

30

Curly hair

Using a razor will weaken the cuticle and cause frizzing

31

Great haircut

Always begins with a great consultation

32

Before the consultation

Clients hair should be cleansed and unstyled

33

Face shape

Quick way to analyze is to determine if it's wide or long

34

Hair texture

Based on the color of each strand

35

Hair density

The number of individual hair stands on 1 square inch of the scalp

36

Clippers

Nah be hard win cutting guards of various lengths

37

Case shears

Usually less expensive to purchase than forged shears

38

Finger tang

Allows for more control over the shear

39

Shears

Should be cleaned and lubricated after every client

40

Before purchasing a pair of shears

Hold the comb between thumb index and middle fingers

41

Consistent

Tension used when trying to achieve constant, even results in a haircut

42

Heavier graduated haircuts

Work well on hair that tents to expand when dry

43

razor

Gives a softer effect on the ends of the hair than shears

44

Texturizing

Cannot be done with clippers

45

Work against natural growth patterns

What you should always do when using clippers, especially The male

46

When trimming make clients facial hair

Recommended that you check his ears and eyebrows and ask if he would like to remove excess hair

47

Head form

Term that refers to the shape of the head

48

Reference points

Places in the head that marks here the surface of the head changes

49

Parietal ridge

Widest area of the head

50

Occipital bone

The bone that pot rides at the base of the skull

51

Apex

Highest point on the top
Of the head

52

Nape

Area in the back part of the neck

53

Bang area

Triangular section that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners

54

Line

Thin continuous mark used as a guide

55

Horizontal lines

Lines parallel from the floor and relative to the horizon

56

Angle

The space between two lines or the surfaces that intersect at a given point

57

Vertical

Lines perpendicular to the horizon

58

Four corners

The reference points that signals a change in head shape from flat to round it vice verse

59

Diagonal

Lines that have a slanting or sloping

60

Part

Line dividing the hair at the scalp

61

Uniform layers

Hair is elevated to 90 degrees from the scalp and cut at the same length

62

Full convex edge

A type of shear blade edge that gives the smoothest cut and has the sharpest edge possible

63

Purchasing shears

Consider purchasing a shear that comes with a finger fitting system

64

Texturizing shear

The best for adding increased blending

65

Prevention

The key to avoiding long term repetitive motion injuries and other muscular skeletal disorders

66

Cutting over your fingers

The hand position that is used more often than cutting uniform or increased layers

67

Long layered haircut

Cut at a 90 degree elevation and then over directed to maintain length and weight at the perimeter

68

Consistent clean partings

Will give an even amount of hair each subsection and produce more precise results

69

Slide cutting

Technique used to connect the top sections to the lengths when cutting a layered haircut on a client with hair past the shoulder blade

70

Razor

Cutting tool that should be avoided when cutting curly hair

71

Scissor over comb technique

Cross checked by working across area diagonally

72

Taper

A haircut that represents cutting the hair very short and close to the hairline then gradually getting longer as you move up the head

73

Shrinkage

Process where the hair contracts or lifts through the action of moisture loss/ drying