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Flashcards in 153-200 Deck (47):
0

Which is the lowest amount of lung volume?
a)residual volume
b) dead air volume
c) residual volume
d) expiratory volume

b) dead air volume

1

WHich of the following has the highest lung volume?
a) residual volume
b) expiratory reserve volume
c) tidal volume
d) inspiratory reserve volume

d) inspiratory reserve volume

2

Residual volume plus expiratory reserve volume equals _____ capacity
a) functional residual
b) total lung
c) inspiratory
d) vital

a) functional residual

3

Breathing in to the fullest extent and exhaling to the fullest extent is called:
a) inspiratory capcity
b) total lung capacity
c) vital capacity
d) functional residual capacity

c) vital capacity

4

The entire spinal nerve is surrounded by which of the following connective tissue sheaths?
a) fascicle
b)endoneurium
c) perineurium
d) epineurium

d) epineurium

5

The alteration of oxygenated blood into deoxygenated blood in the cell tissues is called
a) internal respiration
b) external respiration
c) apneustic respiration
d) inspiratory capacity

a) internal respiration

6

The changing of deoxygenated blood into oxygenated blood is called:
a) apneustic respiration
b) inspiratory capacity
c) external respiration
d) internal respiration

c) external respiration

7

The loss of bone quality in adults is referred to
a) osteoporosis
b) osteomalacia
c) rickets
d) lymphosarcoma

b) osteomalacia

8

WHich is not true of scleroderma?
a) telangiectasia
b) calcinosis
c) sclerodactyly
d) xerostomia

d) xerostomia

9

Having short limbs with an average trunk and head size can be described as:
a) avascular necrosis
b) achondroplasia
c) Charcot's joint
d) RA

b) achondroplasia

10

Which type of vascular necrosis involves the femur head in children?
a) Kohler's necrosis
b) osteopetrosis
c) Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
d) neuropathic joint

c) Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

11

_______ most often goes away during puberty and is characterized by blue sclera, bones that fracture easily and faulty collagen synthesis.
a) osteopetrosis
b) avascular necrosis
c) osteogenesis imperfecta
d)osteomyelitis

c) osteogenesis imperfecta

12

Which is not true of suppurative osteomyelitis?
a) occurs most often in the metaphysis
b) sequestrum
c) Charcot's joint
d) staphylococcus aureus infection

C) Charcot's joint

13

Which would be regarded as the least serious condition?
a) osteogenesis imperfecta
b) avascular necrosis
c) osteochondritis dessicans
d) osteopetrosis

c) osteochondritis dessicans

14

The knee is most commonly affected with pieces of bone in:
a) osteogenesis imperfecta
b) avascular necrosis
c) RA
d) ostocondritis dessicans

d) ostocondritis dessicans

15

Charcot's joint is present in all of the following conditions except:
a) tabes dorsalis
b) syringomyelia
c) Paget's disease
d) diabetic neuropathy

c) Paget's disease

16

The spine of the scapular is at the level of ______.
a) T2
b) T3
c) T5
d) T6

b) T3

17

The carotid tubercle is found on the TP of:
a) C1
b) C2
c) C6
d) C7

c) C6

18

Which of the following is a false rib?
a) rib 9
b) rib 7
c) rib 6
d) rib 4

a) rib 9

19

The ascending colon is found in the _____ of the abdomen.
a) right upper quadrant
b) left upper quadrant
c) left lower quadrant
d) right lower quadrant

d) right lower quadrant

20

All of the following are located in the left upper quadrant except:
a) cecum
b) spleen
c) stomach
d) transverse colon

a) cecum

21

The serratus anterior is innervated by the ______ nerve.
a) medial pectoral
b) long thoracic
c) accessory
d) dorsal scapula

b) long thoracic

22

An example of a saddle joint would be found in the the _______.
a) ankle
b) elbow
c) thumb
d) shoulder

c) thumb

23

The atlanto-axial joint is which type?
a) trochoid
b) saddle
c) sellar
d) ball and socket

a) trochoid

24

Which ligament maintains the longitudinal arch of the foot?
a) deltoid
b) spring
c) lateral
d) posterior tibiofibular

b) spring

25

The most lateral bone in the foot is the _____?
a) navicular
b) talus
c) lateral cuneiform
d) cuboid

d) cuboid

26

Which is not composed of the lateral ligament of the foot?
a) talofibular
b) calcaneofibular
c) posterior talofibular
d) anterior tibiotalar

d) anterior tibiotalar

27

Flexion of the thigh is made possible through the action of:
a) rectus femoris
b) vastus lateralis
c) vastus medialis
d) vastus intermedius

a) rectus femoris

28

The articulation of the roots of the teeth is an example of a ______.
a) amphiarthrosis
b) gomphosis
c) suture
d) syndesmosis

b) gomphosis

29

Which is an amphiarthrotic fibrous joint?
a) gomphosis
b) suture
c) syndesmosis
d) gomphosis

c) syndesmosis

30

Which is an example of the slightly movable joint which happens to be secondary cartilaginous?
a) suture
b) gomphosis
c) IVD
d) pivot

c) IVD

31

Synovial fluid is composed of:
a) hyaluronic acid
b) carbon dioxide
c) carbonic acid
d) HCl

a) hyaluronic acid

32

A freely moveable joint would be classified under:
a) amphiarthrosis
b) diarthrosis
c) synarthrosis
d) syndesmosis

b) diarthrosis

33

Which of the following is a freely moveable joint?
a) synarthrosis
b) amphiarthrosis
c) syndesmosis
d) diarthrosis

d) diarthrosis

34

A ginglymus joint cannot be found:
a) at the elbow
b) between atlas and occiput
c) at the knee
d) at the wrist

d) at the wrist

35

Which is not found of the clavicle?
a) conoid tubercle
b) insertion point for the trapezius
c) coracoid process
d) acromial extremity

c) coracoid process

36

The ______ ligament holds the hip taut during exension:
a) pubofemoral
b) iliofemoral
c) teres femoris
d) deltoid

b) iliofemoral

37

Which goes directly around fasciculi?
a) epimysium
b) perimysium
c) endomysium
d) sarcolemma

b) perimysium

38

Wrist drop occurs by way of damage to the _______ nerve.
a) radial
b) ulnar
c) median
d) axillary

a) radial

39

The axillary nerve and the _____ nerve can be found on the posterior cord of the brachial plexus.
a) ulnar
b) musculocutaneous
c) radial
d) medial root of the median

c) radial

40

Damage to the _____ nerve will show winging of the scapula.
a) radial
b) dorsal scapula
c) long thoracic
d) posterior scapula

c) long thoracic

41

Injury to the median nerve results in:
a) wrist drop
b) claw hand
c) ape hand
d) Bell's Palsy

c) ape hand

42

All of the following are located on the medial cord of the brachial plexus except:
a) radial nerve
b) ulna nerve
c) median nerve
d) medial pectoral nerve

a) radial nerve

43

The triceps muscles helps in extension of the elbow. What other muscle helps in this action?
a) biceps
b) pronator teres
c) teres minor
d) anconeus

d) anconeus

44

The axillary nerve innervates which muscle of the rotator cuff?
a) infraspinatus
b) suprspinatus
c) teres minor
d) trapezius

c) teres minor

45

Which muscle is responsible for the first 20 degrees of shoulder abduction?
a) deltoid
b) pectoralis major
c) triceps
d) supraspinatus

d) supraspinatus

46

The supraspinatus is innervated by the ______ nerve.
a) radial
b) axillary
c) subscapular
d) suprascapular

d) suprascapular