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Flashcards in 1-50/254-272 Deck (69):

Where is not a location of stratified cuboidal epithelium?
a. layer of ovaries
b. layer of testes
c. ducts of sweat glands
d. gallbladder

D. gallbladder


Which is not true of stratified squamous epithelium?
a. can be wet
b. can be dry
c. is located in the mouth, cornea and esophagus
d. is located in the anal mucus membrane

D. is located in the anal mucus membrane


Which breaks down nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and proteins?
a. mitochondria
b. lysosomes
c. ribosomes
d. golgi bodies

B. lysosomes


___________ neurons are the most common type in the human body
a. unipolar
b. bipolar
c. multipolar
d. axillary

C. multipolar


Mycetoma is a
a. tumor of the brain
b. tumor of the striated muscle
c. tumor of the smooth muscle
d. fungus ball

D. fungus ball


The ________ is about 25 micrometers in length making it the longest.
a. stereocilia
b. cilia
c. flagella
d. microvilli

C. flagella


The Islands of Langerhans are cells in the ________ and ________.
a. pancreas, regulate sugar metabolism
b. liver, make insulin
c. liver, regulate sugar metabolism
d. gallbladder, regulate sugar metabolism

A. pancreas, regulate sugar metabolism


Which is not a location of simple cuboidal epithelium?
a. Bowman's capsule of kidney
b. ducts of glands
c. surface of ovaries
d. thyroid

A. Bowman's capsule of kidney


A biceps curl would be an example of a(n) ______ contraction.
a. eccentric
b. concentric
c. isometric
d. isotonic

B. Concentric

*Eccentric and concentric contractions are types of isotonic contractions. However, choice (b) is the most correct and specific answer


Which muscle moves the mandible from side to side?
a. temporalis
b. masseter
c. medial pterygoid
d. frontalis

C. medial pterygoid


The SCM is innervated by cranial nerve _________.
a. IV
b. VII
c. XI
d. IX



Lamboidal suture also known as the _______ and the ________ suture is located between the frontal and parietal bones.
a. coronal suture, coronal
b. occipital suture, coronal
c. squamous suture, sagittal
d. sagittal suture, occipital

B. occipital suture, coronal


The humeroulnar joint is characterized as a ________ type.
a. pivot
b. gliding
c. hinge
d. saddle

C. hinge


Costa is an anatomical term meaning
a. space
b. bone
c. rib
d. long

C. rib


The long thoracic nerve innervates the _______; damage to this nerve will cause scapula winging
a. trapezius
b. latissimus dorsi
c. serratus anterior
d. rhomboid major

C. serratus anterior


Which is not found on the scapula?
a. scapular notch
b. acromion
c. coracoid process
d. conoid tubercle

D. conoid tubercle


Which is not located on the clavicle?
a. costal tuberosity
b. conoid tubercle
c. coracoid process
d. sternal extremity

C. coracoid process


The olecranon can be found on the
a. radius
b. humerus
c. ulna
d. capitulum

C. ulna


The ulna does not have a(n)
a. coronoid process
b. olecranon
c. nutrient foramina
d. intertubercular sulcus

D. intertubercular sulcus


The scaphoid is found directly distal to the ________, which is wider near the ________.
a. radius, wrist
b. radius, elbow
c. ulnar, wrist
d. ulnar, elbow

A. radius, wrist


The main storage form of glucose in animas is
a. starch
b. glycogen
c. lipids
d. proteins

B. glycogen


All of the following processes increase blood sugar levels except:
a. glycogenolysis
b. glycogenesis
c. gluconeogenesis
d. glucogenesis

B. glycogenesis


All of the following are considered low energy compounds except:
b. AMP
c. ADP



The breakdown of glycogen is called _______.
a. glycogenolysis
b. glyconeogenesis
c. glycogenesis
d. glycolysis

A. glycogenolysis


Glucose plus fructose makes which of the following disaccharides?
a. sucrose
b. lactose
c. maltose
d. isomaltose

A. sucrose


The protein portion of an enzyme is called ________.
a. apoprotein
b. holoenzyme
c. coenzyme A
d. cofactor

A. apoprotein


Without vitamin ________ collagen will not form in the body.
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. E

c. C


Which of the following is the most abundant plasma protein?
a. albumin
b. immunoglobulin
c. gamma globulin
d. T lymphocyte

A. albumin


Glucose-1-phosphate plus ________ gives glucose-6-phosphate.
a. debranching enzyme
b. glycogen phosphorylase
c. phosphoglucomutase
d. pyruvate

C. phosphoglucomutase


The coenzyme of pantothenic acid (B5) is
a. FAD
c. Coenzyme A
d. FMN

c. Coenzyme A


Beriberi is associated with a ________ deficiency
a. riboflavin
b. thiamine
c. niacin
d. pantothenic acid

B. thiamine


All of the following are associated with a folic acid deficiency except:
a. cheilosis
b. megaloblastic anemia
c. tropical sprue
d. lack of conversion of serine to glycine

A. cheilosis


How many ATP are yielded in the aerobic form of glycolysis?
a. 36
b. 32
c. 24
d. 2

a. 36


Gluconeogenesis _______ blood sugar; this process takes ________ ATP.
a. lowers, 36
b. lowers, 4
c. raises, 6
d. raises, 2

C. raises, 6


Which of the following lowers blood sugar levels?
a. insulin
b. cortisol
c. glucagon
d. flavin ring

A. insulin


Phosphorylation first occurs in step _______ of glycolysis.
a. 1
b. 4
c. 10
d. 8

a. 1


Which is the phosphate donor in steps 1 and 3?
a. NAD
b. ATP
c. DNA
d. RNA

b. ATP


Glucose 6-phosphate is converted to fructose 6-phosphate by use of the enzyme ______ in the process of _______.
a. phosphoglucoisomerase, oxidation
b. enolase, oxidation
c. phosphoglucoisomerase, glycolysis
d. enolase, glycolysis

C. phosphoglucoisomerase, glycolysis


__________ is the enzyme used in the last step of glycolysis.
a. enolase
b. pyruvate kinase
c. hexokinase
d. aldolase

B. pyruvate kinase


The aerobic form of glycolysis produces ______ molecules of ATP and the anaerobic form produces _______ molecules of ATP.
a. 2, 2
b. 32, 5
c. 6, 24
d. 36, 2

D. 36, 2


A total of 4 ADP molecules in steps 7 and 10 of glycolysis are converted to 4 ______ molecules.
a. cAMP
c. NAD
d. ATP

d. ATP


Two pyruvate molecules are formed in the process of glycolysis. What enzyme is responsible for the 10th step of this process?
a. pyruvate kinase
b. phosphoglycerate kinase
c. PFK-1
d. hexokinase

A. pyruvate kinase


In glycolysis, a _______ carbon molecule of glucose is split into _______ molecules of pyruvic acid.
a. 5, 3
b. 10, 3
c. 3, 4
d. 6, 2

d. 6, 2


2-Phosphoglycerate is converted to phosphoenolpyruvate by the help of the enzyme _______ in this ______ stage of glycolysis.
a. phosphoglycerate mutase, 5th
b. enolase, 9th
c. pyruvate kinase, 10th
d. enolase, 6th

B. enolase, 9th


The breakdown of glycogen is called _______.
a. glycogenolysis
b. glycolysis
c. oxidation
d. gluconeogensis

A. glycogenolysis


Which of the following will lower blood sugar levels?
a. glycogenolysis
b. gluconeogenesis
c. glycolysis
d. glucogenesis

C. glycolysis


Who discovered penicillin?
a. Salk
b. Sabin
c. Flemming
d. Semmelweis

c. Flemming


Subacute bacterial endocarditis is caused by which of the following organisms?
a. S. aureus
b. S. pyogenes
c. S viridans
d. S. agalactiae

C. S. viridans


All of the following are true of endotoxins except:
a. are released by gram negative organisms
b. are released when the cell ceases to live
c. are composed of lipopolysaccharides
d. are released usually by gram positive organisms

D. are released usually by gram positive organisms


Which causes urinary tract infections in 17 year old girls?
a. S. epidermidis
b. S. saprophyticus
c. Staphylococcus aureus
d. Streptococcus viridans

B. S. saprophyticus


The most posterior chamber of the heart is the _________
a) left ventricle
b) right ventricle
c) left atrium
d) right atrium

c) left atrium


The calcaneus is the insertion for all the following except:
a) plantaris
c) gastrocnemius
d) peroneus longus

d) peroneus longus


The lateral border of the cubital fossa is the ____________
a) pronator teres
b) humerus
c) ulna
d) brachioradialis

d) brachioradialis


All of the following are innervated by the obturator nerve except:
a) adductor magnus
b) adductor brevis
c) gracilis
d) iliacus

d) iliacus


The common hepatic artery supplies blood to all the following except:
a) liver
b) esophagus
c) stomach
d) greater omentum

b) esophagus


The arch of the aorta branches into all the following except:
a) left common carotid
b) right subclavian
c) left subclavian
d) brachiocephalic trunk

b) right subclavian


The brachiocephalic trunk branches into the right common carotid artery and the ________ artery
a) right coronary
b) superior mesenteric
c) right subclavian
d) left axillary

c) right subclavian


The right and left vertebral arteries unite to form the ______ artery
a) left subclavian
b) right subclavian
c) basilar
d) axillary

c) basilar


The right femoral artery directly branches into the _______ artery
a) right anterior tibial
b) right popliteal
c) right peroneal
d) right dorsalis pedis

b) right popliteal


The navel is approx. at the level of ______
a) T8
b) T10
c) T12
d) L1

b) T10


Traveler's diarrhea is caused by
a) C. botulinum
b) C. tetani
c) E. coli
d) hepatitis B

c) E. coli


Mononucleosis and Burkitt's lymphoma are caused by
a) papovirus
b) Epstein-Barr virus
c) adenovirus
d) C. tetani

b) Epstein-Barr virus


Hepatitis C is most often caused by
a) blood transfusion
b) airborne droplets
c) parasites
d) fecal-oral transmission

a) blood transfusion


Hepatitis A is transmitted by
a) blood transfusion
b) airborne droplets
c) parasites
d) fecal-oral transmission

d) fecal-oral transmission


Gastroenteritis is caused by which of the following organisms?
a) clostridium difficile
b) clostridium perfringes
c) rhinovirus
d) papovirus

a) clostridium difficile


Koplik spots are found in
a) measles
b) rabies
c) mumps
d) african hemorrhagic fever

a) measles


Legionella is an organism most commonly occurring in
a) air conditioning ducts
b) chicken
c) red meat
d) sand

a) air conditioning ducts


San Joaquin Valley Fever is called
a) blastomycosis
b) histoplasmosis
c) coccidiocomycosis
d) chromoblastomycoses

c) coccidiodomycosis


Coccidiodomycosis is found in the ____ of the ____ U.S.
a) street, NE
b) water, NE
c) sand, SW
d) cacti, S

c) sand, SW