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Flashcards in 51-102 Deck (62):
1

51) Which causes dental caries? (tooth decay/cavity)
a. S. epidermis
b. S. saprophyticus
c. Staphylococcus mutans
d. Staphylococcus aureus

C. Streptococcus mutans

2

52) Nematodes are
a. Tapeworms
b, Roundworms
c. Bacteria
d. Protozoa

B. Roundworms

3

53) Flukes are classified under
a. Trematodes
b. Tapeworms
c. Cestodes
d. Nematodes

A. Trematodes

4

54) The coenzyme of pyridoxine is
a. Coenzyme A
b. Pyridoxal phosphate
c. THF
d. TPP

b. Pyridoxal phosphate

5

55) B9 is ______ and its coenzyme is _______
a. biotin, biotin
b. thiamin, thiamine pyrophosphate
c. niacin, NADP
d. folic acid, tetrahydrofolate

D. folic acid, tetrahydrofolate

6

56) Which vitamin can be made from tryptophan in the body?
a. thiamine
b. niacin
c. riboflavin
d. biotin

B. niacin

7

57) Which of the following is not an antioxidant?
a. selenium
b. copper
c. Vitamin A
d. Vitamin E

B. copper

8

58) All of the following are true regarding vitamin C in humans except:
a. It can be made from glucose
b. Vitamin C aids in the absorption of iron
c. Helps in the making of collagen
d. Vitamin C is involved with hydroxylation reactions

A. It can be made from glucose

9

59) Which vitamin B3 coenzyme is involved with fatty acid synthesis?
a. FMN
b. TPP
c. FAD
d. NADP

d. NADP

10

60) The active coenzymes of riboflavin are ______ and _______
a. FMN, FAD
b. NAD, NADP
c. TPP, FAD
d. Coenzyme A, NAD

a. FMN, FAD

11

61) Which of the following does not have a branched chain?
a. Valine
b. Tryptophan
c. Leucine
d. Isoleucine

B. Tryptophan

12

62) Which is involved in decarboxylation reactions and is not the yellow vitamin?
a. biotin
b. thiamine
c. riboflavin
d. niacin

b. Thiamine

13

63) The coenzyme of thiamine is
a. FAD
b. FMN
c. Coenzyme A
d. Thiamine pyrophosphate

D. Thiamine pyrophosphate

14

64) Which vitamin contains the isoalloxazine ring system?
a. Thiamine
b. Niacin
c. Vitamin C
d. Riboflavin

D. Riboflavin

15

65) Pantothenic acid contains sulfur. Which other vitamin also contains sulfur?
a. Thiamine
b. Niacin
c. Riboflavin
d. Vitamin C

a. Thiamine

16

66) Which of the following is not true of pyridoxine?
a. it is needed in protein metabolism
b. deficiency will cause convulsions in infants
c. pyridoxamine phosphate is its coenzyme
d. deficiency will cause pernicious anemia

D. Deficiency will cause pernicious anemia

17

67) All of the following are essential amino acids except:
a. Valine
b. Phenylalanine
c. Lysine
d. Tyrosine

D. Tyrosine

18

18) All of the following have branched chains except:
a. Valine
b. Phenylalanine
c. Leucine
d. Isoleucine

B. Phenylalanine

19

69) Which is not composed of collagen?
a. Hydroxylysine
b. Hydroxyproline
C. Ornithine
D. Glycine

C. Ornithine

20

70) Which is a non-essential amino acid?
a. Valine
b. Serine
c. Arginine
d. Histidine

B. Serine

21

71) The vitamin helps in the formation of purines and when this vitamin is deficient it will cause megaloblastic anemia?
a. Pyridoxine
b. Folic acid
c. Pantothenic acid
d. Thiamine

B. Folic Acid

22

72) Glucose and fructose will form
a. cellobiose
b. isomaltose
c. sucrose
d. maltose

C. Sucrose

23

73) The oxidation of glucose is referred to as _______
a. glycolysis
b. glycogenesis
c. cellular respiration
d. glycogenolysis

C. cellular respiration

24

74) Which of the following is not an essential fatty acid?
a. Arachadonic
b. Linolenic
c. Linoleic
d. Phospholipid

D. Phospholipid

25

75) Which makes up the majority of the plant starch we have in our diet?
a. Cellulose
b. Amylose
c. Amylopectin
d. Glycogen

C. Amylopectin

26

76) Amylopectin is in a
a. alpha 1-4 linkage
b. branched beta 1-4 linkage
c. beta 1-6 linkage
d. branched alpha 1-6 linkage

D. branched alpha 1-6 linkage

27

77) Biotin in the vitamin and coenzyme form performs which kind of reaction?
a. carboxylation
b. hydroxylation
c. oxidation
d. decarboxylation

A. carboxylation

28

78) _____________is not a mucopolysaccharide.
a. cellobiose
b. heparin
c. hyaluronic acid
d. chondroitin sulfate

A. cellobiose

29

79) Insulin
a. will raise blood sugar levels
b. will lower blood sugar levels
c. is a steroid hormone
d. is made in the kidney

B. will lower blood sugar levels

30

80) The filum terminale
a. has pia matter only
b. has dura matter only
c. is considered leptomeninx
d. is the cauda equina

A. has pia matter only

31

81) The ___________enlargement has the largest diameter of the spinal cord.
a. lumbar
b. sacral
c. thoracic
d. cervical

D. cervical

32

82) Pressure and light touch are functions of this ascending (sensory) tract?
a. spinotectal
b. medial leminiscus
c. anterior spinothalamic
d. fasciculus cuneatus

C. anterior spinothalamic

33

84) What tract is responsible for 2 point discrimination?
a. lateral spinothalamic
b. fasciculus cuneatus
c. spinotectal
d. posterior spinocerebllar

B. fasciculus cuneatus

34

83) Which sense does not go through the thalamus?
a. sight
b. hearing
c. smell
d. taste

C. smell

35

85) The tectum is located in the
a. pons
b. midbrain
c. medulla
d. small intestine

B. midbrain

36

86) All of the following are associated with an upper motor neuron lesion except:
a. spastic paralysis
b. increased muscle tone
c. no pathological reflexes
d. hyperreflexia

C. no pathological reflexes

37

87) The _________ tract helps to make muscles flex but does not aid in extensor movements.
a. vestibulospinal
b. rubrospinal
c. tectospinal
d. anterior spinalthalamic

B. rubrospinal ??

38

89) Pain and temperature is a function of the ____tract.
a. medial leminiscus
b. lateral spinothalamic
c. spinotectal
d. reticulospinal

B. lateral spinothalamic

39

88) Fredericks's ataxia is associated with damage to the _______tract.
a. medial leminiscus
b. lateral spinothalamic
c. posterior spinocerebellar
d. spinotectal

C. posterior spinocerebellar

40

90) All of the following are effects of lower motor neuron lesions except:
a. flaccid paralysis
b. hyperreflexia
c. hyporeflexia
d. absent pathological reflexes

B. hyperreflexia

41

91) The parietal lobe is supplied directly by which vessel?
a. posterior cerebral artery
b. middle cerebral artery
c. carotid artery
d. anterior cerebral artery

D. anterior cerebral artery

42

92) Which is not part of the parasympathetic system?
a. Cranial nerves 11 and 12
b. Cranial nerves 3 and 7
c. Sacral nerves S2-S4
d. Cranial nerves 9 and 10

A. Cranial nerves 11 and 12

43

93) The occulomotor nerve is cranial nerve _____ and synapses at the _______ ganglion.
a. 4, ciliary
b. 7, otic
c. 3, ciliary
d. 2, otic

C. 3, ciliary

44

94) Cranial nerve ______ synapses at the Otic ganglion.
a. 2
b. 5
c. 9
d. 10

C. 9

45

95) All of the following are ascending tracts except:
a. spinotectal
b. tectospinal
c. posterior spinocerebellar
d. medial leminiscus

B. tectospinal

46

96) Which of the following is involved with parasitic infections?
a. IgG
b. IgE
c. IgA
d. IgM

B. IgE

47

97) Which of the following is the heaviest antibody and the first one to appear in the fetus?
a. IgA
b. IgE
c. IgG
d. IgM

D. IgM

48

98) The most abundant antibody in a normal healthy adult is
a. IgA
b. IgE
c. IgD
d. IgG

D. IgG

49

99) Antibodies received from an animal to a human would be labeled as which type of immunity?
a. natural active
b. acquired active
c. acquired passive
d. natural passive

C. Acquired passive

50

100) Antibodies passed from mother to infant would be which form of immunity?
a. acquired passive
b. acquired active
c. natural active
d. acquired passive

D. Acquired passive

51

92) Which is not part of the parasympathetic system?
a. cranial nerves 11 and 12
b. cranial nerves 3 and 7
c. sacral nerves S2-S4
d. cranial nerves 9 and 10

A. cranial nerves 11 and 12

52

93) The occulomotor nerve is cranial nerve_____ and synapses at the _____ganglion.
a. 4, ciliary
b. 7, ottic
c. 3, ciliary
d. 2, ottic

C. 3, ciliary

53

94) Cranial nerve ____ synapses at the Otic ganglion.
a. 2
b. 5
c. 9
d. 10

C. 9

54

95) All of the following are ascending tracts except:
a. spinotectal
b. tectospinal
c. posterior spinocerebellar
d. medial leminiscus

B. tectospinal

55

who wears the belt?

the champ

56

96) Which of the following is involved with parasitic infections?
a. IgG
b. IgE
c. IgA
d. IgM

B. IgE

57

97) which of the following is the heaviest antibody and the first one to appear in the fetus?
a. IgA
b. IgE
c. IgG
d.IgM

D. IgM

58

98) the most abundant antibody in a normal healthy adult is
a. IgA
b. IgE
c. IgD
d.IgG

D. IgG

59

99) Antibodies received from an animal to a a human would be labeled as which type of immunity?
a. natural active
b. acquired active
c. acquired passive
d. natural passive

C. acquired passive

60

100) Antibodies passed from mother to infant would be which form of immunity?
a. acquired passive
b. acquired active
c. natural active
d. natural passive

D. natural passive

61

101) which type of antibody is generally found in the mucous membranes of the body?
a. IgE
b. IgM
c. IgA
d.IgD

C. Iga

62

102) Which type of hypersensitive reaction is most likely involved with IgE antibodies?
a. cell mediated
b. immune complex
c. cytotoxic
d. anaphylaxis

D. Anaphylaxis