451-509 Flashcards Preview

Boards Part 1 ?'s > 451-509 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 451-509 Deck (59):
1

Most water is absorbed in the ________
a. stomach
b. large intestine
c. small intestine
d. pancreas

c. small intestine

2

What is not true of the gallbladder?
a. it stores bile
b. water and ions are absorbed by this organ
c. it produces bile
d. it concentrates bile

c. it produces bile

3

Sponifiable lipids contain all of the following except:
a. fatty acids
b. triglycerides
c. steroid hormones
d. sphingolipids

c. steroid hormones

4

Yellow fever virus is acquired through a ________ and causes hepatitis.
a. bite of a monkey
b. bite of a cat
c. mosquito
d. hookworm

c. mosquito

5

Which virus causes German measles?
a. yellow fever virus
b. rubella
c. rubeola
d. Loa Loa

b. rubella

6

San Joaquin Valley Fever is
a. blastomycosis
b. tinea corporis
c. coccidiodomycosis
d. Dengue Fever

c. coccidiodomycosis

7

Which separates the lateral ventricles?
a. foramen of Monroe
b. septum pellucidum
c. aqueduct of Sylvius
d. foramen of Magendie

b. septum pellucidum

8

The _______ connects the 3rd and 4th ventricles.
a. aqueduct of Sylvius
b. foramen of Monroe
c. foramen of Magendie
d. septum pellucidum

a. aqueduct of Sylvious

9

Which is the last to develop in the embryo?
a. neural tube
b. neural plate
c. neural groove
d. neural fold

a, neural tube

10

________ is responsible for the synthesis of myelin in the CNS
a, astrocyte
b. ependymal
c. fibrocyte
d. oligodendrocyte

d. oligodendrocyte

11

Which lines the ventricles in the brain and aid in circulating CSF?
a. astrocyte
b. microglia
c. fibrocyte
d. ependymal cells

d. ependymal cells

12

_______ is responsible for myelin in the PNS
a. astrocyte
b. microglia
c. Schwann cell
d. ependymal

c. Schwann cell

13

Which cranial nerve does not exit through the supraorbital fissure
a. 3
b. 4
c. 5
d. 7

d. 7

14

The facial nerve exits through
a. supraorbital fissure
b. jugular foramen
c. foramen rotundum
d. internal auditory meatus

d. internal auditory meatus

15

CSF is found in the
a. leptomeninx
b. pachymeninx
c. subarachnoid space
d. pia mater

c. subarachnoid space

16

Which cranial nerve is not parasympathetic?
a. 3
b. 7
c. 9
d. 11

d. 11

17

All of the following exit the jugular foramen except:
a. vagus nerve
b. spinal accessory nerve
c. glossopharyngeal nerve
d. vestibular-cochlear nerve

d. vestibular-cochlear nerve

18

Which tract is responsible for light touch and pressure?
a. spinaltectal
b. anterior spinothalamic
c. fasciculus cuneatus
d. fasiculus gracilis

b. anterior spinothalamic

19

Pain and temperature is conveyed through
a. fasciculus cuneatus
b. spinotectal
c. lateral spinothalamic
d. anterior spinocerebellar

c. lateral spinothalamic

20

Fusion of the sacral spinous processes will directly form the _______.
a. median sacral crest
b. lateral sacral crest
c. intermediate sacral crest
d. sacral apex

a. median sacral crest

21

Which cranial nerve is responsible for the taste of "bitter"?
a. 1
b. 7
c. 8
d. 9

d. 9

22

All of the following are typical vertebrae except:
a. C6
b. C2
c. L4
d. T8

b. C2

23

The medial border of the lumbar triangle is:
a. iliac crest
b. internal oblique
c. external oblique
d. latissimus dorsi

d. latissimus dorsi

24

Teres minor and the _____ are innervated by the axillary nerve.
a. biceps
b. serratus anterior
c. deltoid
d. brachialis

c. deltoid

25

The cremaster muscle is innervated by
a. genitofemoral nerve
b. obturator nerve
c. femoral nerve
d. saphenous nerve

a. genitofemoral nerve

26

When there is low water concentration of the blood, ______ is released
a. ACh
b. ADH
c. GABA
d. L-dopamine

b. ADH

27

All of the following contribute to the release of aldosterone except:
a. decreased sodium ion concentration
b. increased potassium ion concentration
c. decreased potassium ion concentration
d. increased angioteensin II in the blood

c. decreased potassium ion concentration

28

The carina is found approximately at the level of
a. T1
b. C7
c. T4
d. T6

c. T4

29

Residiual voulme and expiratory reserve volume equal ________
a. functional residual capacity
b. vital capacity
c. tidal volume
d, dead air volume

a. functional residual capacity

30

Insiratory capacity is tidal volume plus ______
a. inspiratory reserve volume
b. dead air volume
c. residual volume
d. expiratory reserve volume

a. inspiratory reserve volume

31

Which muscle primarily increases the anterior to posterior diameter of the thoracic cavity?
a. external intercostals
b. trapezius
c. diaphragm
d. abdominus rectus

a. external intercostals

32

Which of the following lung volumes is considered the smallest?
a. residual volume
b. expiratory reserve volume
c. tidal volume
d. inspiratory reserve volume

c. tidal volume

33

All of the following are true except:
a. nerve conduction is fastest with a larger diameter fiber
b. greater myelin means greater propagation
c. rheobase is the maximum voltage needed to give a response
d. muscle resting potential is -90mV

c. rheobase is the maximum voltage needed to give a response

34

Round moon face, striae over abdomen area, with increased production of ACTH describes this condition:
a. Hashimoto's thyroiditis
b. goiter
c. aldosteronism
d. Cushing's syndrome

d. Cushing's Syndrome

35

The dog tapeworm is which of the following?
a. taenia saginata
b. hymenolepis nana
c. echinococcus granulosus
d. taenia solium

c. echinococcus granulosus

36

The fish tapeworm is which of the following?
a. taenia solium
b. diphyllobothrium latum
c. hymenolepis nana
d. toxoplama gondii

b. diphyllobothrium latum

37

Hydatid disease is caused by
a. echinococcus granulosus
b. hymenolepis nana
c. leishmania donovani
d. toxoplama gondii

a. echinococcus granulosus

38

Which causes elephantiasis?
a. trichinella spiralis
b. loa loa
c. wucheria bancrofti
d. onchocerca volvulus

c. wucheria bancrofti

39

Which pasteurization method is performed at 193 F?
a. holding method
b. ultra method
c. flash method
d. coliform method

b. ultra method

40

The ______ method of pasteurization of milk heats milks to 143 F for _______?
a. holding, 30 minutes
b. ultra, 3/4 second
c. flash, 15 seconds
d. holding, 15 seconds

a. holding, 30 minutes

41

The blood of the black fly can be contaminated with onchocerca volvulus causing _______ after biting a human.
a. clonorchiasis
b. ascariasis
c. river blindness
d. kala azar

c. river blindness

42

This type of fungus is found in rotting vegetation and causes bumps and ulcers along the skin rarely spreading to the bone.
a. histoplasmosis
b. blastomycosis
c. tinea corporis
d. sporotrichosis

d. sporotrichosis

43

Which of the following is the last step in the water treatment process?
a. flocculation
b. flash mix
c. chlorination
d. filtration

c. chlorination

44

Which of the following antibodies is mainly involved in parasitic infections?
a. IgA
b. IgG
c. IgM
d. IgE

d. IgE

45

Which of the following is the heaviest antibody and first to appear in the fetus?
a. IgA
b. IgE
c. IgM
d. IgD

c. IgM

46

The most lateral bone is
a. trapezium
b. pisiform
c. triquetrium
d. trapezoid

a. trapezium

47

The rhomboids are innervated by which of the following nerves?
a. axillary
b. long thoracic
c. subscapular
d. dorsal scapular

d. dorsal scapular

48

The olecranon is located on the ______ and the coracoid process is located on the ______.
a. ulna, scapula
b. radius, clavicle
c. ulna, clavicle
d. radius, scapula

a. ulna, scapula

49

The umbilicus is found in the ______ dermatone
a. T7
b. T8
c. T10
d. T12

c. T10

50

Which part of the abdomen is directly superior to the right iliac region?
a. epigastric
b. umbilical
c. right lumbar
d. right hypochondriac

c. right lumbar

51

Which of the following makes up the largest diameter muscle fibers that contract with most force?
a. type I
b. type II A
c. type II B
d. type I A

c. type II B

52

Troponin and ______ are regulatory proteins located on the thin filament.
a. actin
b. tropomyosin
c. myosin
d. titin

b. tropomyson

53

Muscle of the back for posture has the highest number of ______ fibers.
a. type I
b. type II
c. type II A
d. type II B

c. type II A

54

Skeletal muscle generally develops from the ______.
a. endoderm
b. ectoderm.
c. neural tube
d. mesoderm

d. mesoderm

55

Decrease in muscle length occurs in a _______ contraction. This is a type of _____ contraction
a. eccentric, isotonic
b. eccentric, isometric
c. concentric, isometric
d. concentric, isotonic

d. concentric, isotonic

56

The contraction velocity is least in _______ muscle, which also has no ________.
a. smooth, transverse tubules
b. skeletal, sarcomeres
c. smooth, sarcoplasmic reticulum
d. skeletal, transverse tubules

a. smooth, transverse tubules

57

All of the following types of neuroglia are found in the CNS except:
a. neurolemmocytes
b. astrocytes
c. oligodendrocytes
d. ependymal

a. neurolemmocytes

58

Which of the following produces the myelin sheath around the axons in the PNS?
a. ependymal cells
b. Schwann cells
c. microglia
d. satellite cells

b. Schwann cells

59

Which of the following produces the myelin sheath around the axons for support in the CNS?
a. ependymal cells
b. Schwann cells
c. microglia
d. oligodendrocytes

d. oligodendrocytes