#1.Churchills View Of Events 1929-40 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #1.Churchills View Of Events 1929-40 Deck (63):
1

how many people lived in the British empire

240million people

2

which areas of the empire were self governed

new Zealand, Australia, Canada and south Africa

3

which parts of the empire were ruled directly

Asian and African colonies

4

who were the main parties before 1914

conservative and liberal

5

what happened at the end of 1930s which affected Britain's economy badly

Wall street crash

6

how many died in ww1

750,000 British men

7

where did Churchill serve

In India and in the Sudan

8

what were Churchill's main beliefs

helping the poor
he hated threats to the empire
he wanted to stop the Russian revolution
he hated the general strike in 1926 as he saw it a threat to the monarchy

9

why was Churchill controversial before 1930

1925- gold standard
betrayed party by joining liberals for a period
Gallipoli landings -1915
used army on striking miners-1910

10

when was Churchill's wilderness years

1929-39

11

what were Churchill's 4 most controversial beliefs at the time

India
Abdication of King Edward VIII
Rearmament
Concessions to Hitler

12

what was the popular belief about India at the time

Believed in negotiation with Gandhi and the Indian Nationalists

13

what was the popular belief about the Abdication at the time

It was unpopular at the time between conservative voters that a King should marry a divorcee

14

what were the popular beliefs about rearmament at the time

Public opinion and the economy could not handle another war

15

what were the popular beliefs about appeasing Hitler at the time

We shouldn't stop Hitler from taking land back with German speakers

16

what were Churchill's views on India

Jewel in Crown of the empire- late Victorian view believed direct rule stopped barbaric practices and believed in racial superiority

17

how did Gandhi fight the British rule

non violent protests

18

When was the Rowlatt act

1919

19

when was the Montagu-Chelmsford act

1919

20

Rowlatt act purpose

increase policing powers and imprison without trial

21

Montagu-Chelmsford act purpose

locally elected councils controlled certain things

22

how many died at Amritsar

`400

23

how did the Amritsar massacres help Gandhi's movement

increased amount of people supporting Indian nationalism

24

When did Gandhi meet in London

1930 and 31

25

when was the government of India act

1935

26

what was Churchill's views to India

bitterly opposed Indian independence however u turned after government of India act

27

what were the motivations behind Churchill's beliefs on India

Prejudice - Churchill was not opposed to Canada, New Zealand Australia and South Africa getting independence

28

what were the crisis Britain faced that George V supported Britain through

WW1
Great Depression
Hitler's election

29

who were the monarchs of Britain During this period

George V 1910-36
Edward VIII- 1936
George VI- 1936-52
Elizabeth I- 52 -present

30

Why was there an abdication

Government wouldn’t accept George VIIIs marriage to Wallis Simpson as she was a divorcee

31

What was Churchill’s beliefs

That the King should be supported, he suggested a morganatic marriage where Wallis would not be a queen
Everyone should do their best to keep Edward in Power

32

When did Hitler become chancellor

1933

33

Why did Churchill hate Hitlers regime

Disliked its violence and racism
Always worried about threat to Britain
Member of government who thought of ToV
Fearful of German Air Force

34

Why was Churchill’s views on rearmament criticised

Part of the ten year rule
1929 Wall Street crash- Britain couldn’t afford rearmament
1934- means test on public help for poverty
Exaggerated figures

35

When did Britain re arm extensively

After 1938

36

What did Stanley Baldwin say about the 1935 election

Rearmament would have meant loosing it

37

When did Hitler introduce conscription.

1935

38

When was the Rhineland re militarised

1936

39

When did Mussolini invade Ethiopia

1935

40

When was the Anglo-German naval treaty

1935

41

What were the conditions of the Anglo German naval treaty

Fleet must be only 35% of the British fleet

42

When did chamberlain become prime minister

1937

43

What was chamberlains view on appeasement

Britain needed time to rearm
Britain didn’t have the resources to fight on three fronts
Recognised German grievances

44

What did people feel about giving colonial land back to Germany

They didn’t see it as bad as it was land lost during WW1, it has German speakers and didn’t directly affect Britain

45

When was the olympics in Berlin and what did it show

1936- German was a normal European country

46

When was Austria annexed

1938

47

How did Chamberlain deal with Hitler wanting to take over part of Czechoslovakia

He flew directly to Germany to negotiate on behalf of Czechoslovakia ( without consent)

48

What is the area of Czechoslovakia with German speakers

Sudetenland

49

chamberlain called the deal ...

Peace in our time

50

What did appeasement show

Britain to be weak
Germany could dominate Europe in a bloodless victory
Britain didn’t stand in the way of Hitler destroying a new democracy

51

When did people loose faith in appeasement

German occupation of Bohemia and Moravia and the dismemberment of the Czech state in 1939

52

What were arguments against Churchill’s view about going to war in 1938

No allies
No force as they were in Palestine
No consideration of the Far East
USSR relationship were poor
Smaller nations= military useless
USA and isolationism

53

What had happened in 1939 in Britain.

Conscription
Planning of air raids
Enlarged Air Force

54

When did hitler invade Poland

1st September 1939

55

When did Britain declare war

3rd September

56

What job did Churchill have in the war government

Lord or the admiralty

57

When was the nazi-soviet pact

1939

58

When was the Norway campaign

1940

59

What did the Norway campaign show

Britain had a strong navy
Leadership was questionable

60

How did labour influence Chamberlain’s resignation

They woundn’t serve under him

61

Who were the two options to become prime minister

Lord Halifax
Churchill

62

When was Churchill appointed

10th May 1940

63

what are the main reasons Chamberlain Resigned

substantial show of no confidence by backbench conservatives
labour wouldn't serve under Chamberlain
Halifax wouln't take office
Obvious need for a decisive leader