#7. Britains Position In The World 1951-97 Flashcards Preview

#Britain > #7. Britains Position In The World 1951-97 > Flashcards

Flashcards in #7. Britains Position In The World 1951-97 Deck (30):
1

what are examples of the USA and Britain becoming close after WW2

Marshall aid given to Britain
cooperated over Berlin Blockade
NATO 1949
51 Britain supports Korean war

2

what were the strains between the USA and Britain after WW2

suez crisis, Vietnam war
cuban missile crisis

3

how did Reagan and thatchers relationship show strengths

well publicised visits to each other
opposed sanctions together
Reagan lent US assistance in Falklands war
US allowed to use air force bases

4

what were the weaknesses with Thatcher and Reagans relationship

disliked US invasion of Grenada
sceptical of Reagans star wars
worried about concessions to disarmament

5

what was the example of US cooperation in the 1990s

Gulf war 1993

6

what caused issues with anglo Russia relationships

Korean war 1950
arming of West Berlin by allies/ Berlin wall 1961
Suez crisis
1956- Hungarian revolt
soviet diplomats expulsion 1971

7

what were the positives to anglo Russian relations

1953- more contact after stalins death
1956- Khrushchev visits Britain
Thatcher had state visits with Gorbachev
fall of USSR control in Eastern Europe and breakup of USSR in 1991 improved relations

8

Britains positive relationship with the UN

permanent member of security council
6.7 of budget comes from UK
British judge in the international court
anxious for UN support of policies eg gulf war

9

what are examples of Britain conflicting with the UN

suez crisis of 1956
vetos 32 times since 1956
Thatcher vetos condemning US bombing of Libya
does not do much to help in Rwanda
colonial policies of the UK

10

how can Britain be seen to be an outsider to Europe

scepticism over Britain joining due to commonwealth
not until 1961 until they applied for EEC
1972 joins
referendum in 1975 under wilson
euroscepticism eg not joining the euro

11

how can britain be seen to have strong links to europe

helped set up NATO 1949 and EFTA 1960
accepted bulk of European regulations
agreed to common agriculture policy
accepted issues on sovereignty
no anti EU party yet

12

when did the UK build atomic weapons

1949

13

why were nuclear weapons controversial

mutually assured destruction
campaign for nuclear disarmament begins 1958
left in labour party did not agree
beginning of intercontinental ballistic missiles
cuban missile crisis 1962

14

what were the levels of Britains nuclear arsenal by 1991

fewer then 200 missiles
4 trident submarines

15

when did Reagan supply thatcher with Trident missiles

1987

16

when was the Korean war

1950- 53

17

why did Britain get involved in the Korean war

prevent communist expansion
possessions in Asia
credible force in UN

18

what were the results of the Korean war

NATO strengthened
special relationship confirmed
700 British and commonwealth troops killed
economic issues worse

19

when was the Suez crisis

1956

20

what were the reasons for the Suez Crisis

nationalised canal-
was vital route to europe
UK feared potential spread of arab nationalism
Eden disapproved of Nasser and thought the USA would approve

21

what were the results of the suez crisis

Nassers postion stronger. USA was not consulted and USSR claimed imperialism
distracted west from Hungarian rising
leads to resignation of Eden 1957

22

when was the Falklands war

1982

23

what was the cause of the Falklands war

invasion of Falkland islands by Argentina. British prestige was at stake as well as the reputation of Thatcher

24

who did Thatcher gain support from on the Falklands

both the UN and EU supported
the British press
all political parties
USA helped through intelligence and allowing to use base of Ascension

25

what was the results of the Falklands war

reputation of British forces rose
Thatchers popularity increased
high financial cost
Argentine military regime fell

26

when was the gulf war

1991

27

what caused the gulf war

prevent further invasions by Saddam Hussein
show solidarity with the USA
protect oil
support international law
show Britain as a major power

28

what was the result of the gulf war

Kuwait was liberated
greater relations with USA however led to war in iraq in 2003

29

how can Britain be shown to have decolonised well

india, pakistan and ceylon left successfully
commonwealth supported Korean war
loyalty to the Queen kept diplomatic ties
decision of South Africa to rejoin in 1994 showed success

30

how can Britain be shown to have decolonised poorly

colonial wars eg Kenya
suez crisis
South Africa withdraws due to apartheid
commonwealth critical of failure in Rhodesia
Britain failed at making new states - Central African Federation
disliked restrictions to immigration 1962
entry in to EEC caused dislike