#4.Conservative Domination 1951-64 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #4.Conservative Domination 1951-64 Deck (24):
1

how much was the conservative majority of 1951

majority of 26 seats

2

what were the labour weaknesses in the 1951 election

loss of moral after the 50 election
associated with austerity
labour governments faced issues abroad in 1950
defence spending led to cuts in the NHS. charges for dental care etc

3

what were the conservative strengths

compared with 1945 there was better organisation
unionised in stopping nationalisation
pledged to build 300,000 houses
conservative campaign promised freedom from rationing
Churchill was still an admired character

4

what were other factors influencing the 1951 election

growth of liberal party
USSR now considered an enemy
'run out of steam'

5

how was the standard of living impacted under the conservative dominance

1950s- low unemployment only 500,000 out of work
level of real wages rose
44% of people homeowners in 1964
relaxation on renting

6

how was education impacted under conservative dominance

expansion of education
Butler act creates grammar schools
6,000 schools built

7

how were young people impacted under conservative dominance

introduction of mods and rockers
less respecting of old conservative leader

8

how did conservative economic policies match labour

Some British industry should be state owned
should not be cuts in welfare and health spending
it is important to maintain good employment

9

who made stop go economics

Butler

10

what were the strengths of stop go economics

high level of employment
supported growth in welfare spending
industry like aircraft expanded
more credit available
growth in industry
growth of road transport

11

what are the weaknesses of stop go economics

economic growth lagged behind Europe
share of world trade reduced
lot of money in defence
failure to modernise
Britain did not join the EEC
inflation
1961- the economy shows signs of weakness

12

what was Churchill like as peacetime Primeminister

wasn't interested in leading as much and had a stroke in 1953 which was hidden

13

what caused eden to resign

1956 suez canal crisis

14

when was macmillan primeminister

1957-63

15

when was the profumo affair

1961

16

when was the night of the long knives

1962

17

what were the issues with douglas home

he was old and outdated. only in power from 1963-64

18

what was labour in disagreement over

the party principles
nationalisation
nuclear disarmament
foreign policy

19

what were the conflicts over party policy

1955 hugh gaitskell wants to modernise however nye Bevan wants the opposite

20

what were the disagreements over nationalisation

Bevan argued for clause IV.
major part of government was public ownership

21

what were the disagreements in foreign policy

Britains policy towards West Germany, which had been allowed to re arm and rejoin NATO. expelled in 1955

22

what were the issue of labour leaders

Clement Attlee in 1955 he seemed tired and unwell
Hugh gaitskell lead over a very divided party

23

other reasons for a conservative wins

labours negative attitudes towards the EEC
during the 1959 many of the liberal votes went to conservative party

24

why did labour win the 1964 election

younger and classless leader emerged
labour looked more to the future
divisions less obvious