#6. Thatcher And The End Of Consensus 1979-97 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #6. Thatcher And The End Of Consensus 1979-97 Deck (30):
1

Why did thatcher win the 1979 election

Conviction politician
British electoral system
Appealed to marginal voters in midlands and London
Liberals were damaged after supporting labour

2

Why did the conservatives win the 1983 election

Polled fewer votes than 1979
Labour fell from 11.5 million to 8.5 million
Inflation reduced
Falklands war
Split of labour vote
“Longest suicide note in history”

3

Why did thatcher win the 1987 election

Lost 21 seats but still pulled through
Increase in middle class
Inflation lowest in a decade
Privatisation working
Burden of taxes to indirect tax
Deregulation of financial sector
Good relations with USA and ussr
Dealing with TUs

4

What were thatchers views on the main issues of the economy

Inflation.
No investment
Costly and unprofitable publicly owned industries
A lack of incentive to modernise and increase productivity

5

When did privatisation begin

1979 October
Sale of BP

6

What did the budget of 1980-81 aim to do

Aimed to reduce the money of circulation

7

What act deregulated dealing stocks and shares

Financial services act 1986

8

What were the impacts of thatchers economic policy

Price rise fell from 18% to 4.5% in 1983
Stronger pound
Unemployment rose sharply in 1980s, goes from 1.5 million to 3 million by 1983
Foreign investment increased- for example Japanese firm Nissan in Sunderland
movements to different jobs increased

9

what were the issues with thatchers economic policies

get rich quick culture
less concern for workers rights
decline in manufacturing industry
loss of 15% of manufacturing base

10

what was thatchers social policy on the NHS

hospitals become governing trusts and had to look after their own budget
GPs given competitive choice on which service to use
GPs responsible for managing own budgets

11

what reforms were made to education

state schools could move out of local authority and manage own budgets
O levels changed to GCSE in 1986
research by universities more controlled

12

what scheme did thatcher introduce on housing

right to buy (council houses)

13

what was the term for homelessness under thatcher

cardboard cities

14

what are the examples of social unrest under thatcher

rioting in Brixton and liverpool in 1981
miners strike of 1984-85
1989- poll tax unrest

15

what distracted people from thatchers domestic policies

the falklands war 1982

16

who were the wets and dries

wets- those who were more cautious micheal heseltine
dries- supporters of thatchers

17

what was thatchers leadership style

energy and hard work- knew details of policies
intolerant of views and opinions which didnt match her rigid logic
she could be abrasive and capable of great charm

18

who resigned which caused her to become isolated

Geoffrey howe and nigel lawson

19

what were the main reasons thatcher disagreed with her party

economic issues such as growning inflation
ERM
change in public mood

20

why was the ERM an issue

thatcher didn't want to join but most of the cabinet did, but she ended up joining anyways

21

when was the poll tax

1988- taxing those with property

22

when were the violent protests in london due to poll tax

march 1990

23

what caused micheal heseltine to raise a leadership contest

senior cabinet minister made a speech against her in november 1990

24

when did thatcher resign

22 november 1990

25

when did john major become primeminister

27th of november 1990

26

what were the issues major faced

rose quickly so did not have a large record os success
conservatives divided over europe- maastricht treaty 1991
labour used thatchers fall to discuss divisons

27

why did major win the 1992 election

major campaigned effectively
major less abrasive of a figure then thatcher
neil kinnock was flamboyant and overconfident assuming his win

28

what was labours win in 1997

labour 418
tories 165

29

why did major lose the 1997 election

1992 Britain forced to leave the ERM
divisions over Europe
tony blairs strengths as leader when leader in 1994

30

what were the elements of new labour

young and dynamic leader
party accepted some elements of thatchers leadership like council house ownership and financial sector
blair ended clause IV- commitment to nationalisation
gained support of Ruport Murdoch and the sun
labour less divided then the tories
policies "education, education, education"
"tough on crime"