#2.Churchill As War Time Prime Minister Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #2.Churchill As War Time Prime Minister Deck (39):
1

when was frances defenced broken

10th of may

2

by the 28th of may what even occured

Dunkirk evacuation

3

how many men needed rescuing from Dunkirk

300,000

4

what were other issues Britain faced in may 1940

fear of italy taking over suez canal and egypt
japan and British possessions in east asia
Gold reserves
Germany had bombed Poland and would likely bomb Britain
Lord Halifax was in his cabinet

5

what did the war cabinet discuss on the 28th of may

French proposal to approach Mussolini to find out Hitlers peace terms

6

what was the reason for Halifax's opinion

he wanted to solve the issue before France fell

7

when were the Dunkirk evacuations

4th June

8

how many were evacuated from Dunkirk

224,318 British troops
111,172 allied troops

9

what made britains and France's relations poor

the bombing of the French fleet in 1940 and the refusal to give planes to France to help defend

10

where did Britain send its forces when there was a threat of German invasion

Egypt

11

Where did the German bombing Campaign divert it's attention to

the towns and cities of Britain

12

How did the bombing of British cities help Britain

it allowed the RAF to recover

13

how was 1940 an achievement for Britain

the UK had stood alone in the war against Germany, Italy and Japan without any allies

14

how was Churchill a good war leader

strong relationship with allies
strong speeches
travlled to see other war leaders
he had daring ruthlessness

15

who were the four main generals during the war

Brooke
Wavell
Auchinleck
Montgomery

16

how was churchills relationship with Brooke

they agreed on key issues ie no invasion of northern europe and the committment to egypt and the suex cana; however hated political intereferance and disliked Churchill's carelessness

17

how was churchills relationship with Wavell

Churchill personally disliked him, when italy invaded Greece (1940) and Britain tried to defend it they lost to nazi reinforcements and Wavell was demoted

18

how was churchills relationship with Auchinleck

he was wavell's replacement- had good defence and counter attacks upon german's in north Africa. But was sacked by Churchill for making delays to progress

19

how was churchills relationship with Montgomery

Churchill favoured his character- won battle of el alamein in 1942, however most of the first successes of the war should have been accredited to Auchinleck

20

where did war lead after the North African campaign

Invasion of italy and Sicily

21

when was the date for the D-Day landings in France

6th June 1944

22

who led the D day landings

General Morgan

23

what was italy and the meditterranian viewed as

the sift underbelly of europe

24

what were the reasons for a North Africa Campaign

protection of the Empire
trade with india
protection of oil fields which could have come into german hands
a war in turkey and greece would still help the Russians

25

what were the arguments against the north africa campaign

the war relied on russian survival
it only had limited strategic importance
german atlantic fortifications weren't built until 1942

26

when did italy join ww2

1940

27

when was the invasion of italy

1943

28

why was the italy campaign controversial

sixteen allied divisions were occupied in italy when they could have been in france
italy was no longer a serious threat
for germans to be defeated action in france was required

29

why was the D-day invasion postponed to june 1944

high casualities were expected
russia was weakening german armies
there was still a struglle in Italy
Britain needed to protect it's empire
seemed like a logical step from north africa

30

why was the bombing of german cities justiied

german forces had used it to create terror in Poland 1939 and France in 1940.
public support for the bombing campaign

31

what were the arguments against bombing germany

ethical obligations
1942 not effective or precise enough to destroy german industries
didn't destroy morale

32

how many germans died in total between 1939-45 from bombing

400,000- 600,000

33

how many died in Dresden 1945

40,000

34

how did Britain and Churchill become less important to the war effort

after USSR and USA has heavier involvement Britain's role was sidelined
forced to accept yalta conference
annoyed that Roosevelt paid little attention to russia dominated post war europe
1944 was stretched against multiple fronts= opens front in greece

35

why was the war criticised for continuing in 1944

War was for poland but now it was under soviet control.
Britain was defender of civilised values but had been involved with unethical bombing
was at war to preserve empire in the east
US controlled large amounts of troops in UK

36

what were some of the reforms made during WW2

rest centres (those who suffered during air raids)
committee for homeless
national assistance (old means test ended 1941)
national fire service
railways nationalised 1942
1941- 8/10 hospitals nationalised

37

why did labour win the 1945 election

beveridge report 1942- promised to be implemented by labour
labour offered a progressive manifesto
Herbert Morrison becomes household name after air raid shelter
many believed in welfare state and more fair opportunities

38

why did the conservatives loose the 1945 election

conservatives blamed for 'hungry decade' of 1930s and appeasement
making associations between Attlee and the gestapo

39

what other factors influenced the 1945 election

success of the USSR
electoral system lab got 47% of vote and con got 36.2% of vote however they got 61.4% of seats and tories only got 30.8%