1.UROLOGIC EXAM Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.UROLOGIC EXAM Deck (23):
1

most reliable urine specimen

few hrs after px has eaten and examined within 1 hr

2

common source of contamination of urine in men

foreskin (wash with benzaloniumCL)

3

if an okay specimen is not obtained, next collection for women?

catheter

4

procedure for urine collection in children

suprapubic aspiration

5

drug makes urine brown

nitrofurantoin

6

red urine (drug)

dopas and metronidazole

7

"red diaper" syndrom

serratia marcescens

8

insignificant finding in urine?

odor

9

simplest test for evaluating hydration in post op patients

specific gravity

10

SG consistently 1.01 means?

acute renal tubular damage

11

pH of uric acid stone

12

pH calcium stones?

6.0

13

Proteus UTI pH

tends to be over 7.0

14

elevated proteins after collection of urine standing and normal before ambulation

orthostatic proteinuria

15

ascorbic acid gives false positive result in what test?

glucose

16

urine must be in the bladder for reduction of nitrate to occur

>4h

17

leukocyte esterase test accurately identifies?

10-12hpf

18

cause sterile acid pyuria

renal TB

19

other test for persistent pyuria?

plain KUB

20

erythrocyte casts pathognomonic of

glomerulitis/vasculitis

21

casts fan/star burst pattern

due to Rx indinavir HIV

22

std diagnostic test for initial dx and surveillance of bladder ca

cystoscopy

23

most accurate and reliable measure of renal function without infusion of exogenous substance

creatinine clearance test