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Flashcards in 3.URO CANCERS Deck (42):
1

Most common GU cancer in male

prostate ca

2

triad of renal cell carcinoma

mass, hematuria, pain

3

most common site of metastasis in RCC

lungs

4

most common cause of paraneoplastic erythrocytosis

RCC (metastatic?)

5

DDX for RCC

benign renal cyst

6

gold std management of RCC

radical nephrectomy

7

management for RCC that is interpolar/exophytic

partial nephrectomy

8

most common renal CA histological type

adenocarcinoma

9

name of classification used for renal cyst

bosniak

10

what type? fluid only, no tx needed

type 1

11

type? thin peripheral calcifications

type 2

12

type? enhancing solid mass

RCCA type 4

13

type 2 are commonly arise from?

infection/ hemorrhage

14

diagnosis of renal adenoma based solely on?

pathological exam

15

slow growing tumors

ureteral tumors

16

most common ureteral histo type tumor

transitional cell ca

17

single most accurate diagnostics for ureteral tumor

ureteroscopy + biopsy

18

2nd most common GU tumor

bladder CA

19

important layer for staging and management of bladder CA

muscle layer

20

give risk factors for bladder CA except smoking

aniline dyes
phenacetin abuse
cyclophosphamide (Ctx)

21

painless hematuria is seen in what CA

bladder CA

22

gold std treatment for bladder CA

cystectomy radical with urinary diversion

23

most common histologic type of prostate CA

adenocarcinoma

24

most common origin of prostate CA

P-T-C (peripheral - transitional - central)

25

mc site of mets ng prostate

BONE

26

early stage sx of prostate CA

nocturia, urgency
weak stream

27

PSA elevated in non CA conditions?

yes. prostatitis and previous instrumentation

28

indications for Radionuclide bone scan in prostate ca px

PSA >20
gleason score 8-10

29

placement of radioactive seeds in the prostate gland

brachytherapy

30

palliative for prostate CA

endocrine therapy (castration, testosterone blockade)

31

MC form of penile CA

squamous

32

risk factors of penile CA?

poor hygiene! uncircumcised...

33

aka carcinoma in situ of penis

bowens/erythroplasia of quey rat

34

important prognostic factor in penile CA

inguinal node status

35

treatment for penile CA

partial penectomy

36

only GUT Ca more common in women

URETHRAL Ca

37

mc site of urethral ca in men

bulbomembranous area

38

etiology for urethral ca in women

chronic UTI

39

layer which separates prostate from rectum

denonviliers fascia

40

gold standard for mgt of BPH

TURP

41

medical therapy for BPH

alphablockers (prazosin,etc)

42

absolute surgical indications for prostate BPH

urinary retention
recurrent uti d/t bph
gross hema from bph
bladder stones
renal insufficiency
large bladder diverticula