4.4 - Congenital Mal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.4 - Congenital Mal Deck (23):
1

defects of fusion of the neural tube

dysraphism

2

absence of posterior vertebral elements + intact skin

spina bifida occulta

3

absence of posterior vertebral elements + protrusion of meninges

myelomeningocele

4

meningocele means?

herniation of meninges without nerve tissue

5

early fusion of the sutures

craniosynostosis

6

boat shaped head/scaphocephaly

sagittal synostosis

7

outward deviation of orbit + ipsilateral flat forehead

unilateral coronal synostosis

8

genetic disorder char.by craniosynostosis

crouzons syndrome

9

chiari type with high cervical or occipital encephalocele (cerebellum and brainstem)

Chiari 3

10

chiari type with hydrocephalus is very common

chiari 2

11

hydrocephalus d/t obstruction outside the ventricular system

communicating

12

most common cause of communicating hydrocephalus

TB meningitis

13

most commonly occurs as secondary to an infection in the paranasal sinus or middle ear

brain abscess

14

early lesion of brain abscess

cerebritis

15

late lesion of brain abscess

encapsulated lesion

16

diagnostic test for SDE

EEG, 2 sec delta waves

17

most frequent causative agent in osteomyelitis

s aureus
s epidermidis

18

duration of ABx in osteomyelitis

2-4months

19

most common deficit in SDE

contralateral hemiparesis

20

t or F? SDE is rapidly progressive

T!

21

most common causative agent for spinal osteomyelitis

enterobacter

22

TB over pyogenic osteomyelitis

sclerotic bone (not lytic)

23

epidural abscess agent?

streptococcus