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Flashcards in 2- Bones of Cranium Deck (57):
1

The Cranium is divided into two. What are they called?

1- Neurocranium

2- Viscerocranium 

2

What is Neurocranium?

Houses brain and meningeal structures

3

What is Viscerocranium?

Formed by bones of the face

4

Neurocranium:

The "cap" is known as the what?

Calvaria

5

What is the Calvaria formed by: (4)

1- frontal bone ANTERIORLY

2- left parietal bone Posteriorly

3-right parietal bone Posteriorly

4- occipital bone MOST Posteriorly

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6

The Cranial Base is formed by what? (5)

1-Frontal bone with Ethmoid bone sitting along midline

2- "butterfly" shaped Sphenoid bone

3-Right Temporal bone

4-Left Temporal bone

5- Occipital bone posteriorly

7

What are the pores in Ethmoid bone called and what passes through it?

cribiform plate where the ofactory nerves pass

8

Viscrerocranium:

Name all 8 irregular facial bones.

1- Mandible

2- Maxilla (pair)

3- Zygomatic

4- Nasal (pair)

5- Vomer (pair)

6- Lacrimal (pair)

7- Palatine (pair)

8- Ethmoid

9

Name all 6 bones and orientation of the Orbit Wall

1- Frontal (superior)

2- Zygomatic (lateral)

3- Maxilla (inferior)

4- Lacrimal (Medial)

5-Ethmoid (Medial)

6- Sphenoid (posterior)

10

Name all 3 Orbital Foraminas

1-Superior Orbital Fissure

2-Inferior Obital Fissure

3- Optical Canal

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11

What structures pass through the Superior Orbital Fissure?

Ophthalmic veins, Ophthalmic nerve from CN V, CN III, CN IV, CN VI, and Sympathetic fibers

Lazy French Turtle Sit Nakedly In Anticipation 


L - lacrimal nerve

F - frontal nerve (a branch of the ophthalmic nerve)
T - trochlear nerve (CN IV)
S - superior division of the oculomotor nerve (CN III)
N - nasociliary nerve (a branch of the ophthalmic nerve)
I - inferisor division of the oculomotor nerve (CN III)
A - abducens nerve (CN VI)



















 

12

What structures passes through Inferior Obital Fissure?

Zygomatic branch of Maxillary Nerve from CN V

13

What structures passes through Optic Nerve?

CN II and Ophthalmic arteries

14

What forms the nasal septum?

Vomer and the perpendicular plate of the Ethmoid form the nasal septum

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15

What is the 3 bony ridges located on either side of the nasal cavity called?

Conchae or Tubinates.

The three ridges are called superior/middle/inferior

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16

What is this bone called and label the parts.

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Mandible

A- Coronoid process

B- Condyle

C- Ramus

D- Angle

E- Body

F- Parasymphyseal/Mental

17

What bone is this and label the parts

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Temporal Bone

A- External Acoustic Meatus

B- Squamous portion
C- Zygomatic process

D-Articular tubercle

E- Mandibular fossa

F- Styloid process

G- Mastoid process

H- Mastoid portion

18

What is a Temporal Fossa?

depression along lateral aspect of cranium which houses the Temporalis muscle.

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19

What is the Pterion?

and what are some unique notes of the Pterion?

junction of frontal, parietal, sphenoid and temporal bones.

It is the weakest point on cranium

The middle meningeal artery is found deep to it

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20

Where is the Squamous Suture?

junction of the temporal and parietal bones

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21

Label this posterior aspect of the cranium

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A-Sagittal suture- junction of parietal bones

B- Sutural bone

C- Lambdoid suture-  junction of parietal, occipital, and temporal

D- Superior nuchal line

E- External occipital protuberance

F- Inferior nuchal line

G- Occipital condyle

H- Lambda- junction of parietal and occipital bone

22

Name this and what bones does it connect?

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A- Coronal Suture

connects parietal and frontal bones

23

What is the Bregman?

central union of parietal and frontal bones

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24

What is the parietal foramen?

opening in parietal bone that drains emissary veins of scalp into SSS (superior sagittal sinus)

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25

What is the Hard Palate formed from?

Hard Palate is formed from:

Maxillary palatine process ANTERIORLY

and

Horizontal plate of the Palatine bone POSTERIORLY

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26

Where is the Greater and Lesser Palatine foramina?

and describe what the foramina does

foramina that provides entrances for the nerves and arteries of the same name into the Oral Cavity

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27

Just posterior to the Hard palate there are two openings, what are they called?

Choanae aka posterior nasal passage

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28

what is the Choanae aka posterior nasal passage separated by?

Vomer bone

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29

What bone is this and what are the unlabeled A-D

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Sphenoid Bone

A-Lateral Pterygoid Plate

B- Medial Pterygoid Plate

C- Greater Wing

D- Lesser Wing 

30

Describe the physical feature of the squamous and the petrous portions of the Temporal bone.

the Flatter squamous 

the Rounder and medial petrous portion

31

Label these of the Jaw area

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A- Articular Process

B- Mandibular Fossa aka Glenoid fossa

C- Articular Disc (meniscus)

D- Condyle of the Mandible

32

What is the Foramen Magnum?

Large opening allowing superior and inferior apssge of spinal cord, menines, vertebral arteries, ant/pos spinal arteries

33

What is this pair called?

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Occipital Condyles

34

What is this foramen? and what goes through it?

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between the petrous temporal bone and occipital bone lies the

Jugular foramen

-the internal jugular vein and CN IX-X1 exit the cranium via the Jugular foramen

35

Where is the Carotid canal located?

Carotid canal is located anterior to the Jugular foramen on the Petrous temporal bone

-here is the passage for the internal carotid artery into the cranium

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36

What is this foramen? and what passes through it?

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Stylomastoid foramen locaed posterior to the styloid process

-CN VII and the stylomastoid artery exits it

37

Label this foramen and what passes through it?

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Foramen Ovale, located on the greater wing of the sphenoid 

-through which the Mandibular branch of CN V and Accessory Meningeal artery will pass through

38

Poster to the Foramen Ovale is what foramen? and what goes through it?

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Foramen spinosum 

-the middle meingeal artery/vein and meningeal branch of Mandibular nerve passes through

39

What is this plate called and what is located on it ?

what does through them?

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Cribiform fossae located on the Cribiform Plate of the Ethmoid bone

-CN I's axons from the nasal cavity to the Olfactory bulbs pass through

40

What bisects the centrally located cribiform plate?

Crista galli

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41

Where is the lesser wing of the sphenoid visible?

internally or exterially?

Internally

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42

What is this foramen called and what passes through it?

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Foramen rotundum 

located posterior to the superior orbital fissure

-exit for Maxillary branch of CN V

43

What is this small indentation?

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Hypoglossal canal

located along the anterior aspect of the foramen magnum 

transmits CN XII

44

what is this saddle shaped item?

 

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located center of sphnoid bone is the Sella Tursica

45

In the Sella Tursica: name the 3 parts from the anterior most to posterior most.

Anterior- Tuberculum Sellae

Middle- Hypophyseal fossa- ***houses the pituitary gland

Posterior- Dorsum sellae

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46

What goies throught the Magnum Foramina?

Spinal artery

Ventral artery

Spinal cord

47

what two irregular facial bones form the nasal septum?

2 vomer plus 1 ethmoid

48

What is the significance of the Conchae and Tubinate?

it warms the air and creates moisture natural huminifier

49

Whta is Temporalis muscles important for?

mastication

50

What bleeds out faster, arterial intercranial bleeding or venous intercranial bleeding and where is it most commonly seen?

Arterial intercranial bleeding caused by fracture in the Pterion. where the middle meningeal artery is located

51

What is just superficial to the Hard palate?

the soft palate

52

What muscle attaches in the Pterygoid plates and what is it connected to?

Pterygoid muscle for TMJ

53

What is housed in the Petrous portion of the temporal bone?

the inner ear

54

What one Cranial nerve innervates all the muscles related to Mastication?

CN V

55

What is a fissure and what is a foramen?

fissure is a slit like hole

and

foramen is a round hole

56

What sits just superior to the Sella tursica?

Pituitary gland

57

What passes through Foramen rotundum?

CN V