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Flashcards in 2.1-2.3 Deck (49)
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1

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be transferred by all of the following EXCEPT:

A) Blood
B) semen
C)vaginal fluids
D) holding hands

D) holding hands

2

Which of the following conditions does NOT occur during the dormant stage of bacterial growth?

A) spores are formed
B) inactive stage begins
C) bacteria reproduce and grow rapidly
D) bacteria die or become inactive

C) bacteria reproduce and grow rapidly

3

Personal service workers such as nurses, doctors, teachers and cosmetologists are asked to be inoculated against which infections?

A) ringworm
B) strep throat
C) the common cold
D) human hepatitis B

D) human hepatitis B

4

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes the immure system to:

A) speed up
B) break down
C) work efficiently
D) continue to work properly

B) break down

5

Which type of bacteria can be found in dairy products and can have health enhancing properties?

A) fungi
B) microbes
C) pathogenetic
D) nonpathogenic

D) nonpathogenic

6

Applying the same infections disease procedures on all clients is known as?

A) immunity
B) sanitation
C)hand washing
D) universal precautions

D) universal precautions

7

What type of immunity is provided when a person is given antibodies to a disease rather than producing them through his or her own immune system?

A) passive immunity
B) active immunity
C) natural immunity
D) acquired immunity

A) passive immunity

8

Pathogenic bacteria are responsible for all of the following EXCEPT:

A) causing diseases
B) producing toxins
C) causing infections
D) benefiting the environment

D) benefiting the environment

9

AIDS is a disease that is caused by:

A) HIV
B) HBV
C) cilia
D) bacteria

A) HIV

10

The ability to destroy infections agent that enter the body is:

A) immunity
B) superiority
C) sterilization
D) infection control

A) immunity

11

The common cold is caused by a (n):

A) fungi
B) filterable virus
C) external parasite
D) non-filterable virus

B) filterable virus

12

Pus forming bacterial cells that form grape like bunches or clusters and are present in abscesses are called:

A) spirella
B) diplococci
C) streptococci
D) staphylococci

D) staphylococci

13

Which of the following descriptions is NOT considered a local infection?

A) on the arms
B) on the legs
C) in a small, confined area
D) in all parts of the body

D) in all parts of the body

14

When the circulatory system carries bacteria and its toxins to all parts of the body, which type of infection has occurred?

A) local
B) general
C) symptomatic
D) non contagious

B) general

15

The common cold, hepatitis and measles are examples of:

A) harmless diseases
B) beneficial diseases
C) communicable diseases
D) nonpathogenic diseases

C) communicable diseases

16

Which of the following is NOT a type of bacteria?

A) spirilla
B) bacilli
C) parasite
D) streptococci

C) parasite

17

Which is a highly infectious disease that infects the liver?

A) polio
B) yellow fever
C) Human hepatitis B (HBV)
D) acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

C) human hepatitis b

18

The scientific study of small organisms called microbes is known as:

A) ecology
B) ergonomics
C) bacteriology
D) microbiology

D) microbiology

19

What bacteria, when viewed through a microscope, would appear to the spiraled, coiled, corkscrew-shaped bacterial cells?

A) spirilla
B) flagella
C) saprophytes
D) staphylococci

A) spirilla

20

Hair-like projections used by some bacteria to move themselves are called cilia or:
A) feet
B) bacilli
C) flagella
D) pediculosis

C) flagella

21

An infection that is located in a small, confined area is known as a:

A) local infection
B) general infection
C) contagious infection
D) symptomatic infection

A) local infection

22

One-celled micro organisms are called germs or:

A) fungi
B) bacteria
C) ringworm
D) enteral paracites

B) bacteria

23

Another name for head lice is:

A) scabies
B) itch mite
C) pediculosis wapitis
D) tine capitis

C) pediculosis wapitis

24

All of the following terms describe the type of container disinfected implements are stored in EXCEPT:

A) open
B) dry
C) covered
D)disinfected

A) open

25

If a surface is free from dirt,oil and microbes it has been

A) disposed
B) dispensed
C) contaminated
D) decontaminated

D) decontaminated

26

dispose of any material coming in contact with blood or body fluids in a

A. sterilizer
B. cool, dry area
C. covered container
D. labeled double bag

D. labeled double bag

27

The process referred to as double bagging is performed when a(n)

A. blood spill occurs
B. antiseptic is used
C. calibration occurs
D. MSDS is consulted

A. blood spills occurs

28

which of the following conditions describes effective storage for a disinfectant?

a. cool, dry space
b. damp, muggy space
c. bright, very hot space
d. hot, very damp and airy space

a. cool and dry space

29

always store disinfectants in containers that are

a. clear
b. unclear
c. labeled
d. plastic

c. labeled

30

removing dirt and debris to aid in preventing the growth of microbes is

a. calibration
b. sanitation
c. disinfection
d. sterilization

b. sanitation