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COS SEGMENT B > Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Deck (75)
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1

skin elasticity is due to the presence of semifluid substances found in the

a. dermis
b. stratum corneum
c. stratum lucidum
d. stratum granulosum

a. dermis

2

what tans the skin to protect it from the burning rays of the sun?

a.sebum
b. melanin
c. the acid mantle
d. the subcutaneous layer

b. melanin

3

cells that have absorbed melanin to distribute pigmentation to other cells are located in what layer of the skin?

a. stratum Lucidum
b. stratum corneum
c. stratum spinosum
d. stratum granulosum

c. stratum spinosum

4

chronic is the term used to identify conditions that are

a. visible
b. brief and severe
c. frequent
d. influenced by weather

c. frequent

5

a salon professional needs to be able to recognize

a. primary lesions only
b. tertiary lesions only
c. secondary lesions only
d. primary and secondary lesions

d. primary and secondary lesions

6

an abnormal change in the structure of an organ or tissue is called a(n):

a. wheal
b. fissure
c. lesion
d. infection

c. lesion

7

accumulations of hardened sebum beneath the skin are called whiteheads or

a. acne
b. Millia
c. roscea
d. comedones

b. millia

8

the deterioration of collagen and elastin fibers during the aging process causes

a. rosacea
b. freckles
c. macules
d. wrinkles

d. wrinkles

9

sweat is excreted by what gland?

a. adrenal
b. endocrine
c. sebaceous
d. sudoriferous gland

d. sudoriferous gland

10

where is the layer of skin called the subcutaneous tissue located?

a. above the cuticle
b. below the dermis
c. above the epidermis
d. below the adipose tissue

b. below the dermis

11

where are the large blood vessels found that transport nourishment to the skin and nerves?

a. epidermis
b. subcutaneous layer
c. stratum lucidum
d. stratum corneum

b. subcutaneous layer

12

a pimple is an example of a(n)

a. tertiary skin lesion
b. secondary skin lesion
c. objective symptom (see)
d. subjective symptom (feel)

C. objective symptom

13

a secondary skin lesion appearing as round, dry patches of skin covered with rough, silvery scales is called

a. acne
b. eczema
c. psoriasis
d. herpes simplex

c. psoriasis

14

which layer of the epidermis protects the skins moisture balance by acting as a barrier to moisture loss?

a. stratum corneum
b. stratum lucidum
c. stratum spinosum
d. stratum granulosum

a. stratum corneum

15

which of the following is a highly contagious bacterial infection that produces a honey yellow, crusted lesion that is usually found on the face?

a. eczema
b. seborrhea
c. impetigo
d. milliaria rubra

c. impetigo

16

what is a condition called that is characterized by dry, scaly skin with reduced sebum production?

a. rosacea
b. steatoma
c. asteatosis
d. seborrhea

c. asteatosis

17

one example of a papule is a

a. macule
b. pimple
c. vesicle
d. tubercle

b.pimple

18

what is composed of adipose tissue and loose, connective tissue?

a. dermis
b. epidermis
c. acid mantle
d. subcutaneous layer

d. subcutaneous layer

19

anhidrosis is caused by

a. lack of sleep
b. fever/disease
c. foul smelling perspiration
d. over production of perspiration

b.fever/disease

20

oily skin is usually characterized by all of the following descriptions except:

a. blackheads
b. enlarged pores
c. peeling/flaking
d. an all over shiny look

c.peeling/flaking

21

person exposed to excessive heat may develop small red vesicles with burning and itching of the skin called pricky heat or:

a. eczema
b. anhidrosis
c. bromidrosis
d. miliria rubra

d. miliria rubra

22

warts are the most common

a. ulcers
b. excoriations
c. skin tumors
d. form of moles

c.skin tumors

23

which condition is caused by excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands?

a. milia
b. steatosis
c. seborrhea
d. bromidrosis

c.seborrhea

24

Which of the following is not one of the six basic functions of the skin?

A. Absorption
B. Protection
C. Regulation
D. Inoculation

D. Inoculation

25

Which of the following is not one of the three main layers of the skin?

A. Dermis
B. Corium
C. Epidermis
D. Subcutaneous

B. Corium

26

An example of a wheal lesion is

A. Pies
B. Tumors
C. Bullas
D. Pimples

A. Pies

27

The papillary canal takes oil(sebum) to the

A. Nerves
B. Keratin
C. Blood vessels
D. surface of the skin

D. surface of the skin

28

Healthy skin require special care to maintain its healthy, elasticity, vibrancy and

A. Color
B. Pallor
C. Dryness
D. Dullness

A. Color

29

The epidermis is composed of how many layers

A. 1
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7

C. 5

30

Scars are formations that result whenever a lesion extends into the


A. Dermis
B. Epidermis
C. Stratum lucidum
D. Stratum granulosum

A. Dermis