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Flashcards in 2.2- Treatment Approaches Deck (20):
1

_________ - focus on therex and neuromuscular facilitation to prevent learned nonuse and overcompensation by intact segments

traditional approach

2

What are the 3 basic principles to PNF?

1. facilitation of total patterns of movement and posture
2. normal synergies
3. normal patterns of movement are spiral and diagonal

3

PNF- extremities - use ___ and ____ patterns

D1 and D2

4

PNF- head and trunk- combines _______

flexion/extension with rotation (chops)

5

PNF- uses _____ and _____ to facilitate muscle contraction

resistance and stretch

6

What promotes normal development to help learn/relearn motor control through structured activities within context of functional tasks?

Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) - Bertha and Karel Bobath

7

What is the theory/method behind Neurodevelopmental treatment?

breaking down functional tasks into component parts

8

NDT- focus on ____________________

normal movement sequences and balance

9

NDT- normalize __________ through _________

sensory and perception through tactile stimulation

10

NDT- ________ and _______ cause abnormal movement patterns = focus on eliminating these

abnormal tone and primitive reflexes

11

NDT- normalize _______ and _____ = use tactile cues for ____________, ______________

normalize postural tone and control = use tactile cues for facilitation for low tone, inhibition for high tone

12

NDT- use functional activities that are ____ and ______ (rolling, sitting up, etc)

meaningful and goal oriented

13

NDT- start with ___________ progressing to _______ progressing to __________ activities

gravity eliminated progressing to weightbearing progressing to gravity resisted activities

14

What is not permitted with NDT?

substitution (compensatory) movements

15

NDT- work on _______ side

affected

16

Treatment techniques for NDT
1.
2.
3.

1. Guided movement
2. Handling (key points of control)
3. Rhythmic rotation

17

Recovery progresses in sequence from mass movement (synergy patterns) to movements that have components of both synergy patterns, to isolated joint movements

Movement therapy in Hemiplegia - Brunnstrom

18

Out of synergy patterns, ____________ progress to ______

isometric and eccentric contractions progress to isotonic contractions

19

What is Brunnstrom's now contraindicated method?

encourage patient to use synergy first and then work out of it

20

Techniques of movement therapy of hemiplegia

proprioceptive input (resistance, weightbearing, stretching, tapping), use of good side to facilitate movement on the involved side