2.1- Motor Control, Learning & Development Flashcards
What 4 things give us the ability to maintain and change posture and movement?
- Happens in fractions of seconds
- largely a result of development and maturation of the neuromotor systems
- nervous system directs what muscles to use, in what order and how quickly
- sensory feedback is key
What is motor control?
Ability to maintain and change posture and movement
What is key when it comes to motor control?
Motor ________ change over time so motor _________ must also change
What are the 3 Motor Control Theories?
- Hierachic Theory
- Systems Model
- Nasher’s Model
As the brain matures, it begins to control posture and movement previously dominated by the primitive reflexes. Initial random movements are followed by maintenance of posture (stability), movement within posture (controlled mobility), and movement from one posture to another (skill). What theory is this?
True/False: Postural control develops cephalocaudal?
What is postural control?
The ability to maintain alignment of the body and is maintained through righting, protective or equilibrium reactions.
What is righting reactions?
The ability to orient the head to keep eyes horizontal in relation to the ground.
What 2 things are associated with the righting reactions?
- Optical righting reaction
2. Labyrinthine righting reaction
What righting reaction is cued by vision
Optical righting reaction
What righting reaction is cued by gravity?
Labyinthine righting reaction
Extremity movements that occur in response to rapid displacement of the body is?
___________ are extended to prepare for fall
What is most advanced and last to develop, allows the body to adapt to slow changes in relation of center of gravity to the base of support?
______ rotates or bends back towards the base of support
During a protective reaction, what has to extend to prepare for a fall?
During an equilibrium reaction, what has to bend or rotate towards the base of support?
What theory states the brain and spinal centers work together with many systems of the body to develop motor control?