4.3- Pediatrics/Cerebral Palsy Flashcards
What disease is not a single disease but is a disorder of posture and movement that occurs due to damage to the immature brain before, during, or after death?
What is Static Encephalopathy?
unchanging damage to brain structure or function
- while often present at birth, signs & symptoms often do not become apparent until later in development
- as the child should be able to do more they are unable to- but not a progressive problem
Cerebral Palsy is characterized by…
- delayed motor development
- decreased functional ability
- impaired muscle tone & functional movement patterns
What is Severe CP vs. Spastic CP?
Severe- often seen at birth; “floppy baby”
- hypotonic, problems with feeding (poor coordination and sucking)
Spastic- recognized at 6-9 months when child can’t turn over or sit up
What are 4 different ways CP is classified?
- according to when injury occurred
- distribution of involvement- body parts affected
What are the 2 types of CP that are classified according to when the injury occurred?
_____ - occurs after birth up to age 3
Also called _____
May be due to…
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
also called postnatal
- brain tumor
_____ - occurs before or during birth
_____ - occurs before birth
_____ - occurs during labor and/or delivery
congenital- before or during birth
prenatal- before birth
perinatal- during labor and/or delivery
What type of CP is the largest percentage of CP kids?
What is the most common cause of congenital-prenatal CP?
What are 2 possible reasons for this to happen?
- toxemia- increased mother BP, baby doesn’t receive proper blood flow
- placental abnormalities- may detach stopping blood flow
What are 5 causes of congenital-prenatal CP?
- RH incompatibility
- maternal infections
- metabolic factors
- brain malformations
What are 3 causes of congenital- perinatal CP?
- prematurity and low birth weight (<37 weeks have increased risk)
What are 3 causes of anoxia in congenital-perinatal CP?
- premature separation of placenta
- prolapse of umbilicus
- breech birth
What are 3 CPs classified by distribution of involvement- body parts affected?
- Quadriplegic CP
- Spastic Diplegia
_____ - entire body- UE, trunk, and neck is more involved than the LE’s