2.2- Functional Training Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.2- Functional Training Deck (27):
1

_______________ - uses functional postures and activities to help clients regain motor control.

Functional Training

2

Many functional skills are first acquired during ________________.

earlier developmental stages

3

What are the 7 developmental skills in order?

rolling -> lying prone on elbows -> quadraped -> sitting -> kneeling -> standing -> walking

4

Functional training focuses on variety of motor skills needed for everyday life, including ______.

transitions between and within postures

5

What focuses on variety of motor skills needed for everyday life, including transitions between and within postures?

Functional training

6

With functional training, patient learns to control
1.
2.
3.

1. larger body segments against smaller BOS
2. increased gravity
3. increased body weight (BOS narrowed while COG raised)

7

Functional training increases demands on _______

postural control and balance

8

What does functional training teach patients in regards to their muscle groups?

to use muscle groups in multiple planes/axis and combinations of types of muscle contraction

9

What should a PT/PTA do when a patient is unable to do a skill?

break the skill down into component parts for practice

10

What 2 types of support can a therapist give during learning?

manual and verbal support

11

________ - guided movement, active assisted movement, facilitated movement

manual support

12

________ - instructions, verbal cueing

verbal support

13

Therapist should gradually remove _______ and ______ systematically.

assistance and support

14

What should a therapist do when the return to normal function is not always possible?

focus on compensatory strategies in those situations

15

What are the 4 stages of motor control?

1. Mobility
2. Stability
3. Controlled Mobility
4. Skill

16

- not well controlled, postural control and antigravity control is missing

mobility

17

- ability to maintain a steady position in a weightbearing antigravity position

stability

18

- dynamic postural control, ability to alter positions while maintaining postural stability (mobility superimposed on stability)

controlled mobility

19

- movement is not sustained or well coordinated, base is large, and movement occurs in dependent postures

mobility

20

- requires effective co-contracture of flexors and extensors

stability

21

- endurance is important

stability

22

- movement is added once postural control is achieved

controlled mobility

23

- stabilization of proximal segments and trunk is important to provide stable base for extremity movement

stability

24

- highly coordinated, allows client to meet demands of changing environment

skill

25

- must be able to reverse directions while maintaining stability

controlled mobility

26

- includes weight shifts and transition from one posture to another and against gravity

controlled mobility

27

- dynamic balance responses are essential

controlled mobility