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Flashcards in 2.4 Lesson Deck (121)
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1
Q

What is a direct object?

A

A direct object (D.O.) is something or someone that certain verbs (transitive verbs) act upon:

  • I read a book. Q: What did I read? DO: a book
  • I drove a car. Q: What did I drive? DO: a car
  • I will call Ana. Q: Who will I call? DO: Ana
2
Q

What is a tonic or disjunctive pronoun?

A

A tonic or disjunctive pronoun is a stressed form of a personal pronoun that is only used in certain contexts. In Spanish, they are:

  • a mí
  • a ti
  • a él/ella/ud
  • a nosotros
  • a vosotros
  • a ellos/ellas/uds
3
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Marcos helps me

A

Marcos me ayuda

me - me. Note that we can use the direct-object pronoun me to replace the disjunctive pronoun a mí. Direct object pronouns always appear before the conjugated verb

4
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Guillermo calls you every day

A

Guillermo te llama todos los días

you - te. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces the disjunctive pronoun a ti (i.e. Guillermo te llama a ti)

5
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I don't see him at the back of the restaurant

A

No lo veo al fondo del restaurante

him, it, you (Ud) - lo. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces masculine nouns such as:

the phrases a él and a usted
a masculine noun (e.g. el libro)
someone's name (e.g. a Marcos)

6
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I didn't receive the letter. I didn't receive it

A

No recibí la carta. No la recibí

her, it, you (formal, feminine) - la. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces feminine nouns such as:

the phrases a ella and a usted
a feminine noun (e.g. la carta), or
a person (e.g. María)

7
Q

Translate to Spanish.

They helped us buy a house

A

Ellos nos ayudaron a comprar una casa

us - nos. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces the disjunctive pronoun a nosotros(as). Also note that the direct-object pronoun is placed between the subject and the verb

8
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I called you (vosotros) this morning

A

Os llamé esta mañana

you (vosotros) - os. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces the disjunctive pronoun a vosotros(as)

9
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I sold the books. I sold them

A

Vendí los libros. Los vendí

them, you (plural) - los. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces the disjunctive pronouns a ellos and a ustedes, or replaces a plural masculine noun (e.g. los libros), or replaces several names (e.g. Marcos y María)

10
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I helped them (fem)

A

Yo las ayudé

them (fem), you (plural, fem) - las. Note that this direct-object pronoun replaces the phrases a ellas and a ustedes, or replaces a plural feminine noun (e.g. las casas), or replaces several feminine names (e.g. María y Carla)

11
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We met them (fem) at the party

A

Nosotros las conocimos en la fiesta

party - la fiesta. Note that the direct-object pronoun (e.g. las) usually goes between the subject and the verb

12
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We are going to see him soon

A

Vamos a verlo pronto

Note that when a full verb phrase is used, the direct-object pronoun may be attached at the end of the infinitive. It is also acceptable to say Nosotros lo vamos a ver

13
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We saw him at the movie theater

A

Lo vimos en el cine

movie theater - el cine

14
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Pancho does not have very good sight, therefore he doesn't see me

A

Pancho no tiene muy buena vista, por eso no me ve

sight - la vista. Note that when using a negation, the direct-object pronoun goes in between no and the verb (e.g. no me ve)

15
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Direct-Object Pronouns

  • me
  • you
  • him/her
  • us
  • you
  • them
A

Pronombres de Objeto Directo

  • me (yo)
  • te (tú)
  • lo, la (él/ella/ud)
  • nos (nosotros)
  • os (vosotros)
  • los, las (ellos/ellas/uds)
16
Q

What is an indirect object?

A

An indirect object (I.O.) is a noun or pronoun for which the verb's actions are intended and answers the questions "to whom" and "for whom":

  • I make Jaime lunch. IO: for Jaime DO: lunch
  • I sent Marta a letter. IO: to Marta DO: a letter
17
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Indirect-Object Pronouns

  • to me
  • to you
  • to him/her
  • to us
  • to you
  • to them
A

Pronombres de Objeto Indirecto

  • me (yo)
  • te (tú)
  • le (él/ella/ud)
  • nos (nosotros)
  • os (vosotros)
  • les (ellos/ellas/uds)
18
Q

Translate to Spanish.

He bought me these books.

He bought me them.

A

Él me compró estos libros.

Él me los compró.

to me - me. Note that the indirect-object pronoun goes before the direct-object pronoun

19
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Rosa bought you these apples.

She bought you them

A

Rosa te compró estas manzanas.

Te las compró

to you - te

20
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We bought these chairs for Rafael.

We bought these chairs for him.

We bought them for him

A

Nosotros compramos estas sillas para Rafael.

Nosotros le compramos estas sillas.

Nosotros se las compramos

to him, to her, to you (ud) - le. Note that when the indirect object pronoun le is followed by the direct-object pronouns lo, la, los or las, you must change le to se

21
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I did not buy this desk for my son.

I did not buy him this desk.

I did not buy it for him

A

No compré este escritorio para mi hijo.

No le compré este escritorio.

No se lo compré

desk - el escritorio

22
Q

Translate to Spanish.

They did not send us the letters.

They never sent them to us

A

Ellos no nos enviaron las cartas.

Nunca nos las enviaron

to us - nos

23
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I didn't buy these pens for Marcos and Pamela

I didn't buy these pens for them

I didn't buy them for them

A

No compré estas plumas para Marcos y Pamela

No les compré estas plumas

No se las compré

to them, to you (plural) - les

24
Q

Translate to Spanish.

They sent you (vosotros) a letter.

They sent it to you (vosotros)

A

Ellos os enviaron una carta.

Os la enviaron

to you (vosotros) - os

25
Q

Translate to Spanish.

TO GIVE (Preterite)

  • I gave
  • You gave
  • He/She gave
  • We gave
  • You gave
  • They gave
A

DAR (Tiempo Pretérito)

  • Yo di
  • Tú diste
  • Él/Ella/Ud dio
  • Nosotros dimos
  • Vosotros disteis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds dieron

Remember that the conjugations for dar in the preterite tense are irregular

26
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I gave the book to Miguel

A

Le di el libro a Miguel

Note that we repeat the indirect object pronoun le despite the fact that we still say a Miguel. The indirect object pronoun is always used whether or not the actual object is stated

27
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I bought the book from Miguel

A

Le compré el libro a Miguel

Note that the word comprar, as well as a few similar words (e.g. robar, quitar), often uses the preposition a to denote the person from whom the item is being purchased, rather than using de. Confusingly, this sentence could also mean that you are buying the book "for" Miguel, depending on context.

28
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The sad part is that he never knew his grandfather

A

Lo triste es que nunca conoció a su abuelo

Note that the word lo is used as a neuter article to indicate "the ___ part." Another common example is lo bueno ("the good part")

29
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The part about eating made me hungry

A

Lo de comer me dio hambre

the part about - lo de. Note that the phrase lo de is used to denote "the part about", or "all this business about"

30
Q

Translate to Spanish.

He doesn't understand how handsome he is

A

Él no entiende lo guapo que es

how (to express degree) - lo. Note that the use of the neuter lo here has nothing to do with gender. You would also say Ella no entiende lo guapa que es.

31
Q

Translate to Spanish.

She tells me she is American, but I don't believe her

A

Me dice que es americana, pero no le creo

to tell - decir. Note that the word decir means "to say" when there is no indirect object (such as me), but "to tell" when there is an indirect object

32
Q

Translate to Spanish.

TO SAY/TELL (Preterite)

  • I said
  • You said
  • He/She said
  • We said
  • You said
  • They said
A

DECIR (Tiempo Pretérito)

  • Yo dije
  • dijiste
  • Él/Ella/Ud dijo
  • Nosotros dijimos
  • Vosotros dijisteis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds dijeron
33
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Did they tell you where the bathroom is?

A

¿Te dijeron dónde está el baño?

they said/told - dijeron. Note that decir is irregular in the preterite tense

34
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I don't care if you come or not

A

(A mí) no me importa si vienes o no

I care - me importa. (Literally "It is important to me.") Note that this verb works similarly to verbs like gustar, because the object of "care" in English becomes the subject of the Spanish importar

35
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Apparently, she doesn´t care

A

Por lo visto, (a ella) no le importa

apparently - por lo visto. Literally, por lo visto translates to "by that which is seen"

36
Q

What is a reflexive verb in Spanish?

A

Verbs that reflect back to the subject doing the action. Although these verbs can often be used in a non-reflexive context, they are most generally used to show that the noun is acting on itself and are very commonly used among Spanish-speakers

37
Q

What are the reflexive pronouns in Spanish?

A

Pronombres Reflexivos

  • me (yo)= myself
  • te (tú)= yourself
  • se (él/ella/ud)= himself, herself, yourself
  • nos (nosotros)= ourselves
  • os (vosotros)= yourselves
  • se (ellos/ellas/uds)= themselves, yourselves
38
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I shave my grandfather

A

Yo afeito a mi abuelo

to shave - afeitar

39
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I help my grandfather shave himself

A

Yo le ayudo a mi abuelo a afeitarse

to shave oneself - afeitarse. Note that since my grandfather is both the shaver and the recipient of the shaving, we use the reflexive pronoun se

40
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My aunt bathes her baby

A

Mi tía baña a su bébé

to bathe - bañar

41
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We bathe (ourselves) every day

A

Nosotros nos bañamos todos los días

to bathe oneself - bañarse. Note that this sentence construction is actually indistinguishable from "we bathe each other". We can usually know which connotation is meant by context!

42
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I am going to approach the handsome man

A

Voy a acercarme al hombre guapo

to approach - acercarse a

43
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I could never get used to the cold

A

Nunca pude acostumbrarme al frío

to get used to - acostumbrarse a

44
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Her baby looks so much like her

A

Su bébé se parece tanto a ella

to look like - parecer(se) a

45
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I fell asleep at 8:00

A

Me dormí a las 8:00

to fall asleep - dormirse. Note that "to fall asleep" is dormirse, while "to sleep" is simply dormir

46
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Paulo and Luisa went to bed at eight forty-five

A

Paulo y Luisa se acostaron a las nueve menos cuarto

to lie down, to go to bed - acostarse

47
Q

Translate to Spanish.

No, my grandpa doesn't have hair anymore

A

No, mi abuelo ya no tiene cabello

hair - el cabello, el pelo. Note that the use of cabello or pelo depends on the region

48
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Before eating, we have to buy food and cook it

A

Antes de comer, tenemos que comprar la comida y cocinarla

before - antes (de)

49
Q

What is the difference between the words and se?

A
  • is the conjugation of saber in the first person singular (yo sé = "I know")
  • se is the reflexive pronoun for the third person singular (él, ella, ud) or plural (ellos/ellas/uds)
50
Q

What is the difference between the words and te?

A
  • means "tea"
  • te is the reflexive pronoun for the second person singular ()
51
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We brush our hair before going to bed

A

Nos cepillamos el cabello antes de acostarnos

to brush oneself - cepillarse. Remember that body parts are usually not possessive, so we do not say nuestro cabello. The possession is shown by the reflexive pronoun nos

52
Q

Translate to Spanish.

They comb themselves every day

A

Ellos se peinan todos los días

to comb onself - peinarse. Note that peinarse is often used to mean "to brush", but only refers to hair

53
Q

Translate to Spanish.

After bathing, I am going to shave

A

Después de bañarme, yo me voy a afeitar OR Después de bañarme, yo voy a afeitarme

after - después (de). Note that with a composite verb like voy a + infinitive, you can place the reflexive pronoun in between the subject and the conjugated verb

54
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We are going to say goodbye at the restaurant

A

Vamos a despedirnos en el restaurante

to say goodbye - despedirse. Notice that despedir means "to fire" while despedirse means "to say goodbye". Although many verbs have a similar meaning to their reflexive counterparts, others have rather different meanings

55
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The noise woke me up

A

El ruido me despertó

to wake (someone) up - despertar

56
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Jaime wakes up early on Mondays

A

Jaime se despierta temprano los lunes

to wake (oneself) up - despertarse

57
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We had so much fun at your party last weekend!

A

¡Nos divertimos tanto en tu fiesta el fin de semana pasado!

to have fun, to enjoy oneself - divertirse

58
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We were unable to lift that table

A

No pudimos levantar esa mesa

to lift - levantar

59
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We were unable to get up this morning because we went to bed very late last night

A

No pudimos levantarnos esta mañana porque nos acostamos muy tarde anoche

to get up - levantarse. Note that levantarse means to physically get up (e.g., out of bed), while despertarse means "to wake up"

60
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I washed my car yesterday

A

Ayer lavé mi carro

to wash - lavar

61
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Pablo and Mariana, did you wash your hands already?

A

Pablo y Mariana, ¿ya se lavaron las manos?

to wash oneself - lavarse

62
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My friends call me Memo, but my name is Guillermo

A

Mis amigos me llaman Memo, pero mi nombre es Guillermo

to be called - llamarse. Remember that the usual way of saying "My name is __" is Me llamo ___, or "I call myself ___"

63
Q

Translate to Spanish.

You need to hurry up because I'm in a hurry

A

Tienes que apurarte porque tengo prisa

to hurry up - apurarse; apresurarse

64
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Sandra never puts on makeup, and she is very pretty anyway

A

Sandra nunca se maquilla, y es muy bonita de todos modos

to put on makeup - maquillarse

65
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My mom worries about me every day

A

Mi mamá se preocupa por mí todos los días

to worry about - preocuparse por

66
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My niece is worried

A

Mi sobrina está preocupada

worried - preocupado

67
Q

Translate to Spanish.

José's aunts complain about his girlfriend because she is not very nice

A

Las tías de José se quejan de su novia porque no es muy simpática

to complain about - quejarse de

68
Q

Translate to Spanish.

You are always buying yourself clothes

A

Siempre estás comprándote ropa

clothes - la ropa. Note that you can add the reflexive pronoun to the end of a present participle (-ando or -iendo), but you must put an accent mark on the appropriate syllable to maintain the right inflection

69
Q

Translate to Spanish.

TO PUT (Preterite Tense)

  • I put
  • You put
  • He/She put
  • We put
  • You put
  • They put
A

PONER (Tiempo Pretérito)

  • Yo puse
  • pusiste
  • Él/Ella/Ud puso
  • Nosotros pusimos
  • Vosotros pusisteis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds pusieron
70
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I put the shoes in my room before going to bed last night

A

Puse los zapatos en mi cuarto antes de acostarme anoche

I put (preterite) - puse. Note that this is an irregular preterite conjugation of the verb poner

71
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Marcos doesn't want to put on those clothes

A

Marcos no quiere ponerse esa ropa

to put on, to wear - ponerse. Remember that the non-reflexive counterpart of ponerse is poner "to put, to place"

72
Q

Translate to Spanish.

She became red due to the embarrassment

A

Se puso roja de vergüenza

to become (+ adj) - ponerse, hacerse

73
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Valentina became furious when she couldn't go out

A

Valentina se puso furiosa cuando no pudo salir

furious - furioso

74
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I want to become a doctor

A

Quiero llegar a ser médico

to become (through effort) - llegar a ser. This phrase is used when referring to what someone wants to become or what someone became (e.g. profession, a superlative)

75
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I don't want to sit there; I want to sit over there

A

No quiero sentarme allí; quiero sentarme allá

to sit (down) - sentarse

76
Q

Translate to Spanish.

She looks very beautiful with that dress on

A

Ella se ve muy guapa con ese vestido puesto

to look (to be seen as)- verse. Note that this is the reflexive form of the verb ver ("to see")

77
Q

Translate to Spanish.

They gave me the key

A

Ellos me dieron la llave

key - la llave

78
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Fernanda is only three years old, and she already dresses herself on her own

A

Fernanda sólo tiene tres añitos y ya se viste sola

to dress oneself - vestirse. Note that vestir changes the -e- to -i- in most present tense conjugations

79
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I have sort of a big mouth, right?

A

Tengo la boca un poco grande, ¿verdad?

mouth - la boca. Remember that body parts and articles of clothing are denoted by articles rather than the possessive (e.g. la boca, not mi boca)

80
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I have very long arms, don’t you think?

A

Tengo los brazos muy largos, ¿no crees?

arm - el brazo

81
Q

Translate to Spanish.

He slept late today

A

Él durmió tarde hoy

he/she/it slept (preterite)- durmió. Note that dormir changes its stem from -o- to -u- in some forms of the preterite, making it slightly irregular

82
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My arm fell asleep. Will you help me move it?

A

Se me durmió el brazo. ¿Me ayudas a moverlo?

Note that the construction Se me durmió demonstrates a lack of agency or intention by the subject of the sentence and is a construction that is used very often in Spanish

83
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Rosa always loses her keys

A

A Rosa siempre se le pierden las llaves

to lose - perder. Note the lack of agency on the part of the subject. It is as though "the keys always lose themselves from her", in order to shift responsibility away from Rosa

84
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Does your arm hurt?

A

¿Te duele el brazo?

to hurt - doler. Note that doler is part of the group of irregular verbs whose stem changes from -o- to -ue- in the present tense

85
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I will go down soon, I just need to do some things first

A

Bajo pronto, sólo tengo que hacer unas cosas primero

to go down - bajar

86
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I am worried because little Mariana has a high fever

A

Estoy preocupada porque Marianita tiene una fiebre alta

fever - la fiebre

87
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My fever went down

A

Se me bajó la fiebre

Note that we use the definite article la to denote "my" fever, and we use the reflexive pronoun me to denote that I was the one affected. Mi fiebre ha bajado would sound too direct and awkward

88
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Jimena married Eduardo yesterday

A

Jimena se casó ayer con Eduardo

to marry - casarse con

89
Q

Translate to Spanish.

He is the priest that married my aunt and uncle

A

Ése es el cura que casó a mis tíos

priest - el cura, el sacerdote, el padre. Note that ése has an accent because it refers to a person who you've been talking about, but whose name you have omitted (e.g. ése es mi primo vs. quiero ese lápiz)

90
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Do you know a cure for the fever?

A

¿Conoces una cura para la fiebre?

cure - la cura. Do not confuse this with el cura ("priest")

91
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I broke my ankle last Tuesday

A

Se me rompió el tobillo el martes pasado

ankle - el tobillo. Again, rather than saying Me rompí el tobillo, we use indirect object pronouns to clarify that this was not intentional

92
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My head hurts; I don't know what I did last night

A

Me duele la cabeza; no sé qué hice anoche

head - la cabeza

93
Q

Translate to Spanish.

When I went to the supermarket, I saw a girl with a very pretty face

A

Cuando fui al supermercado, vi a una niña con una cara muy bonita

face - la cara

94
Q

Translate to Spanish.

David has a very big neck, right?

A

David tiene un cuello muy grande, ¿verdad?

neck - el cuello

95
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We have very small fingers

A

Tenemos los dedos muy pequeños

finger - el dedo

96
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I didn't bite you! It was Jorge!

A

¡No te mordí! ¡Fue Jorge!

to bite - morder

97
Q

Translate to Spanish.

She bites with her teeth

A

Ella muerde con los dientes

tooth - el diente

98
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My forehead gets hot when I have a fever

A

Mi frente se pone caliente cuando tengo fiebre

forehead - la frente. Do not confuse this with el frente, which means "a (military) front"

99
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Look at her lips!

A

¡Mira sus labios!

lip - el labio

100
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The little boy always sticks out his tongue

A

El niñito siempre saca la lengua

tongue - la lengua. Also note that to say "to stick out (one's tongue)" you must use sacar, which means "to take out" in other contexts

101
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The baby has little chubby cheeks

A

El bebé tiene mejillitas gorditas

cheek - la mejilla, el cachete. Although mejilla is a more standard way of saying "cheek", certain regions say cachete

102
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I can't believe that I forgot about you

A

No puedo creer que me olvidé de ti

to forget - olvidarse de

103
Q

Translate to Spanish.

What are you all laughing about?

A

¿De qué se están riendo?

to laugh about - reírse de. Note the irregular form of the present participle riendo

104
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Why are you smiling so much?

A

¿Porqué estás sonriendo tanto?

to smile - sonreír. Note that sonreír has a similar present participle to reirse ("to laugh"), but it is not reflexive

105
Q

Translate to Spanish.

She has a pretty smile

A

Ella tiene una sonrisa bonita

smile - la sonrisa

106
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We hurt ourselves yesterday, and now we can't walk

A

Nos lastimamos ayer, y ahora no podemos caminar

to hurt oneself, to get injured - lastimarse

107
Q

Translate to Spanish.

It is very important to me

A

Es muy importante para mí

important - importante. Remember that we could have also said Me importa mucho

108
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The teacher got angry with me

A

El maestro se enojó conmigo

to get angry (with) - enojarse (con), enfadarse (con)

109
Q

Translate to Spanish.

When I get angry, I count from one to ten

A

Cuando me enojo, cuento de uno a diez

to count - contar. Note that contar undergoes an -o- to -ue- stem change in the present tense, like the verb doler

110
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Can I count on you to help me buy clothes for my boyfriend?

A

¿Puedo contar contigo para ayudarme a comprarle ropa a mi novio?

to count on - contar con

111
Q

Translate to Spanish.

That bag is very big

A

Esa bolsa es muy grande

(hand) bag - la bolsa (de mano) , el bolso

112
Q

Translate to Spanish.

She put all the food in the bag

A

Ella metió toda la comida en la bolsa

to put in - meter en

113
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Marcos has a big nose

A

Marcos tiene una nariz grande

nose - la nariz

114
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I don't believe you that Victor broke his friend's nose, because he never picks a fight with anyone

A

No te creo que Victor le rompió la nariz a su amigo, porque él nunca se mete con nadie

to pick a fight with - meterse con. Note that this literally means "to put oneself in with"

115
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Juan hurt his wrist last week

A

Juan se lastimó la muñeca la semana pasada

wrist - la muñeca. Note that muñeca also means "doll"

116
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Carmen and Pablo's ears hurt

A

A Carmen y a Pablo les duelen las orejas

ear - la oreja

117
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Who hurt their leg?

A

¿Quién se lastimó la pierna?

leg - la pierna

118
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Do you remember my cousin Maria José? She's the one who is going to marry Rodrigo

A

¿Te acuerdas de mi prima Maria José? Es la que va a casarse con Rodrigo

to remember - acordarse de. For a non-reflexive alternative, you may also use the synonym recordar

119
Q

Translate to Spanish.

You (Uds) always make fun of little Andrés. It is not very nice

A

Ustedes siempre se burlan de Andresito. No es muy simpático

to make fun of - burlarse de

120
Q

Translate to Spanish.

What time did you (Uds) leave the party?

A

¿A qué hora se fueron de la fiesta?

to leave - irse. Note that by simply making the verb ir ("to go") reflexive, we transform the verb to mean "to leave"

121
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Whose leg hurts?

A

¿A quién le duele la pierna?

whose - ¿a quién? Remember that ¿de quién? is still used to ask "whose" when talking about possession (e.g. "Whose book is this?"). Also note the difference between doler "to hurt" and lastimarse "to get hurt"