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Spanish Level 2 > 2.2 Lesson > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.2 Lesson Deck (85)
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1
Q

Translate to Spanish.

It is time to eat breakfast; are you going to cook for us?

A

Es hora de desayunar; ¿vas a cocinar para nosotros?

time - la hora. La hora literally means "the hour"

2
Q

Translate to Spanish.

What time is it?

A

¿Qué hora es?

What time is it? - ¿Qué hora es?. In some countries, you may also hear people use the plural ¿Qué horas son?

3
Q

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It is eight o'clock in the morning

A

Son las ocho de la mañana

It is __ o'clock - Son las ___. Note that the conjugation of the verb ser must agree with the number it if referring to. "It is one o'clock" would be Es la una

4
Q

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It is nine twenty-five (9:25) in the morning

A

Son las nueve y veinticinco de la mañana

It is __:___ - Son las __ y __. Note that, when spoken, the hours and minutes of time are separated by the conjunction y

5
Q

Translate to Spanish.

The class begins at two in the afternoon

A

La clase empieza a las dos de la tarde

afternoon - la tarde. Remember to use the article la. Tarde by itself means "late"

6
Q

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Why are you awake at four in the morning?

A

¿Por qué estás despierto a las cuatro de la madrugada?

before dawn - la madrugada

7
Q

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Maricarmen is asleep because it is one fifteen (1:15) in the morning

A

Maricarmen está dormida porque es la una y cuarto de la mañana

it is __ 15 - son las / es la __ y cuarto. Note that cuarto also means "a quarter" and that Spanish speakers generally say cuarto instead of quince when speaking of time

8
Q

Translate to Spanish.

It is three thirty (3:30) and I am very hungry; do you want to eat lunch?

A

Son las tres y media y tengo mucha hambre; ¿quieres almorzar?

It is __ thirty - son las / es la __ y media

9
Q

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I want less food

A

Quiero menos comida

minus, less - menos

10
Q

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It is two forty-five (2:45); where is your sister?

A

Son las tres menos cuarto; ¿dónde está tu hermana?

it is __45 - son las/es la __menos cuarto. Note that you literally say "It is three minus a quarter". You usually tell the time for minutes 31-59 by counting backwards from the next full hour

11
Q

Translate to Spanish.

There are only sixteen students in the classroom, so two are missing

A

Sólo hay dieciséis estudiantes en la clase, entonces faltan dos

to be missing, to lack - faltar. Note that faltar is conjugated like any regular -ar ending verb. Faltar is used when aiming toward a goal. When conveying how much is left when taken from an original whole, use quedar

12
Q

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There are 10 minutes left before six (5:50), do you want to go to the restaurant?

A

Faltan diez para las séis, ¿quieres ir al restaurante?

__minutes left - faltar + __ + para. Note that this is an alternative construction to subtracting minutes from the hour

13
Q

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He has a lack of respect

A

Tiene una falta de respeto

a lack - una falta

14
Q

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I am going to travel from New York to Washington in four hours

A

Voy a viajar desde Nueva York hasta Washington en cuatro horas

from (place) to (place) - desde (lugar) hasta (lugar)

15
Q

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She is asleep since yesterday

A

Ella está dormida desde ayer

from (time), since - desde. Note that desde means "since" when talking about time, and it means "from" when talking about space or distance

16
Q

Translate to Spanish.

It has been raining for three hours

A

Hace tres horas que está lloviendo

to have been __ for (time) - hace (tiempo) que. This is usually the preferred way of expressing duration in Spanish. The direct translation is more like: "It makes 3 hours that it is raining."

17
Q

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It is nine at night

A

Son las nueve de la noche

night - la noche

18
Q

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Is it noon in México?

A

¿Es mediodía en México?

noon - el mediodía

19
Q

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It is midnight and the baby is awake. Tomorrow is not going to be a good day

A

Es medianoche y el bebé está despierto. Mañana no va a ser un buen día

midnight - la medianoche

20
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I always go out with my friends at night

A

Siempre salgo con mis amigos de noche

at night - de noche. Be careful not to confuse de noche ("at night") with anoche ("last night")

21
Q

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Jaime is going to pass by my house

A

Jaime va a pasar por mi casa

to pass - pasar

22
Q

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Time passes by very quickly

A

El tiempo pasa muy rápido

time - el tiempo. Note that tiempo is used when you want to talk about "time" as an entity, as in "Time goes by slowly". Hora is used when you mean a more specific period of time, as in "It is time to eat", Es hora de comer.

23
Q

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You never arrive on time

A

Nunca llegas a tiempo

on time - a tiempo

24
Q

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He is going to cook eight times this week

A

Va a cocinar ocho veces esta semana

time - la vez. Note that vez expresses repetition, which tiempo and hora cannot

25
Q

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I sometimes go out at night

A

A veces salgo de noche

sometimes - a veces

26
Q

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Jaime isn't going to go to the party, but I'm going anyway

A

Jaime no va a ir a la fiesta, pero yo voy a ir de todos modos

anyway - de todos modos

27
Q

Translate to Spanish.

You are going to go out with Sofia's boyfriend? Really?!

A

¿Vas a salir con el novio de Sofia? ¿En serio?

really? (to express shock or surprise) - ¿de veras?, ¿en serio?

28
Q

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I like traveling from time to time

A

Me gusta viajar de vez en cuando

from time to time - de vez en cuando

29
Q

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Do you know when they will arrive?

A

¿Sabes cuando van a llegar?

to arrive - llegar. Note that llegar is conjugated like any regular -ar ending verb

30
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Xavier and Alejandro will arrive in one hour

A

Xavier y Alejandro van a llegar en una hora

hour - una hora. Remember that hora means both "time" and "hour"

31
Q

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He arrives in five minutes

A

Llega en cinco minutos

minute - el minuto

32
Q

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It is the first day of school

A

Es el primer día de clases

first - primer, primero. Note that primero becomes primer when preceding a singular, masculine noun

33
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Jorge is going to be the first one to arrive at the museum

A

Jorge va a ser el primero en llegar al museo

museum - el museo. Note that the ordinal number must be followed by en (i.e. Voy a ser el primero en comer, el primero en conducir, etc.)

34
Q

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These are the first weeks of school

A

Éstas son las primeras semanas de clases

week - la semana

35
Q

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Sunday is the first day of the week

A

El domingo es el primer día de la semana

Sunday - domingo. Note that days of the week, like nationalities, are not capitalized in Spanish. Also note that in some Spanish-speaking countries, Monday is considered the first day of the week

36
Q

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Do you have a clock?

A

¿Tienes un reloj?

clock - el reloj

37
Q

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It is the second time that I cook this week

A

Es la segunda vez que cocino esta semana

second - segundo

38
Q

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Monday is the second day of the week

A

El lunes es el segundo día de la semana

Monday - lunes

39
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Which car is it? It's the third one

A

¿Cuál carro es? Es el tercero

third - tercer, tercero. Note that tercero behaves just like primero in that it drops the o when it preceds a singular, masculine noun

40
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Tuesday is the third day of the week

A

El martes es el tercer día de la semana

Tuesday - martes

41
Q

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Rosa is happy because her boyfriend will arrive in fourth place

A

Rosa está contenta porque su novio va a llegar en cuarto lugar

fourth - cuarto

42
Q

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Wednesday is the fourth day of the week

A

El miércoles es el cuarto día de la semana

Wednesday - miércoles

43
Q

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I am the fifth daughter in my family

A

Soy la quinta hija en mi familia

fifth - quinto

44
Q

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Thursday is the fifth day of the week

A

El jueves es el quinto día de la semana

Thursday - jueves

45
Q

Translate to Spanish.

This is the sixth book that I have to read for that class

A

Este es el sexto libro que tengo que leer para esa clase

sixth - sexto

46
Q

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I am very happy because it is Friday

A

Estoy muy feliz porque es viernes

Friday - viernes

47
Q

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Can you believe that my aunt is going to have her seventh son in only two weeks?

A

¿Puedes creer que mi tía va a tener a su séptimo hijo en sólo dos semanas?

seventh - séptimo

48
Q

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This Saturday we are all going to Spain

A

Este sábado vamos todos para España

Saturday - sábado

49
Q

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Pamela, what are you going to do this weekend?

A

Pamela, ¿qué vas a hacer este fin de semana?

weekend - el fin de semana

50
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I am going to see my girlfriend on Tuesday

A

Voy a ver a mi novia el martes

Note that we use the definite article to denote days of the week (e.g. "on Tuesday" translates to el martes, not *en martes*)

51
Q

Translate to Spanish.

We play soccer on Fridays

A

Jugamos al fútbol los viernes

Note that we do not change the name of the week to make it plural (e.g. los viernes, not *los vierneses*)

52
Q

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My father is the eighth son in his family

A

Mi papá es el octavo hijo en su familia

eighth - octavo

53
Q

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I never break anything, right mom?

A

Yo nunca rompo nada, ¿verdad mamá?

to break - romper

54
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Isn't this the ninth time that Irene breaks a glass?

A

¿No es ésta la novena vez que Irene rompe un vaso?

ninth - noveno

55
Q

Translate to Spanish.

My brother is sad because he is in tenth place

A

Mi hermano está triste porque está en décimo lugar

tenth - décimo

56
Q

What are the ordinal numbers 1-10 (first, second, third, etc.) in Spanish?

A

primero, segundo, tercero, cuarto, quinto, sexto, séptimo, octavo, noveno, décimo

In Spanish, although ordinal numbers do exist past "tenth", we usually just use the regular cardinal number for larger values. These ordinal numbers, primero through décimo, are the key ones to know

57
Q

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When is your birthday? My birthday is this month

A

¿Cuando es tu cumpleaños? Mi cumpleaños es este mes

month - el mes

58
Q

Translate to Spanish.

In January it is very cold in the United States

A

En enero hace mucho frío en los Estados Unidos

January - enero. Note that months, like days of the week and nationalities, are not capitalized in Spanish

59
Q

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Where Pedro lives, it always snows in February

A

Donde vive Pedro, siempre nieva en febrero

February - febrero

60
Q

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Of all the seasons, spring is my favorite one

A

De todas las estaciones, la primavera es mi favorita

favorite - favorito. Note that unless replaced by other modifiers such as "each", a definite article must precede days and seasons

61
Q

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Ricardo is my parents' preferred son

A

Ricardo es el hijo preferido de mis padres

preferred - preferido

62
Q

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My birthday is in March; that's why it is my favorite month

A

Mi cumpleaños es en marzo; por eso es mi mes favorito

March - marzo

63
Q

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It is true, it always rains a lot in April

A

Es verdad, siempre llueve mucho en abril

April - abril

64
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Mother's Day is in May; are you going to buy a gift for your mom?

A

El Día de las Madres es en mayo; ¿vas a comprar un regalo para tu mamá?

May - mayo

65
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I am happy because it is June. Summer is already going to begin

A

Estoy contento porque es junio. El verano ya va a empezar

June - junio

66
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I always go to the beach with my friends and family in July

A

Siempre voy a la playa con mis amigos y mi familia en julio

July - julio

67
Q

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In my grandparents' house in Mexico, it is always so hot in August

A

En la casa de mis abuelos en México, siempre hace tanto calor en agosto

August - agosto

68
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Ana's favorite month is September because her favorite season is the fall

A

El mes favorito de Ana es septiembre porque su estación favorita es el otoño

September - septiembre

69
Q

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Is it cold in October where you live?

A

¿Hace frío en octubre donde vives tú?

October - octubre

70
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Do you always celebrate your birthday?

A

¿Siempre celebras tu cumpleaños?

to celebrate - celebrar. Note that celebrar is conjugated like any regular - ar ending verb

71
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Oscar's actions are always good

A

Las acciones de Oscar siempre son buenas

action - la acción

72
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Are your families going to celebrate Thanksgiving in November?

A

¿Van a celebrar sus familias el Día de Acción de Gracias en noviembre?

November - noviembre. Note that "Thanksgiving" is literally translated as "day of action of thanks"

73
Q

Translate to Spanish.

What are you going to buy for Christmas?

A

¿Qué vas a comprar para Navidad?

Christmas - Navidad

74
Q

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Is your family going to celebrate Christmas this December?

A

¿Va a celebrar tu familia Navidad este diciembre?

December - diciembre

75
Q

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Now I'm going to study with my friends for the exam

A

Ahora voy a estudiar con mis amigos para el exámen

now - ahora

76
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Excuse me, but do you (ud) know what time is it?

A

Perdón, pero ¿sabe usted qué hora es?

excuse me, sorry- perdón, lo siento. Lo siento is a bit more serious of an apology, and it literally means "I feel it"

77
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I'm sorry, but I'm going to be late

A

Lo siento, pero voy a llegar tarde

to be late, to arrive late - llegar tarde

78
Q

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Which game do you want to play?

A

¿Cuál juego quieres jugar?

which - cuál

79
Q

Translate to Spanish.

What is today's date?

A

¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?

today's date - la fecha de hoy. Note that we usually use the word cuál ("which") rather than qué ("what") to ask about the date

80
Q

Translate to Spanish.

It's the fifth of May

A

Es el cinco de mayo

Note that for dates, we simply use the cardinal number (e.g., cinco) rather than the ordinal number (e.g. quinto)

81
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Next year I am going to be a good student

A

El próximo año voy a ser un buen estudiante

next - próximo. Note that próximo is one of the few adjectives that precedes the noun that it describes

82
Q

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Someday I will be a teacher like my aunt Pati

A

Algún día voy a ser maestra como mi tía Pati

someday - algún día

83
Q

Translate to Spanish.

Somehow I am going to study for all of my tests and write all of my essays

A

De alguna manera voy a estudiar para todos mis exámenes y voy a escribir todos mis ensayos

somehow - de alguna manera, de algún modo

84
Q

Translate to Spanish.

I can't find my books anywhere

A

No puedo encontrar mis libros en ninguna parte

nowhere, anywhere - en ninguna parte

85
Q

Translate to Spanish.

There are a million books in this library

A

Hay un millón de libros en esta biblioteca

a million - un millón. Note that, in Spanish, "million" is a noun and must be followed by the preposition de whenever it is used with another noun