2nd Industrial Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd Industrial Revolution Deck (44):
1

Patenter or the light bulb

Thomas Edison

2

patenter of telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

3

sent far-reaching radio waves

Guglielmo Marconi

4

Used in ocean-liners and cars (type of engine)

Internal Combustion Engine

5

Method that increased production, in which each person has a specific job in making a product

Assembly line

6

Eastern European economy

Agricultural and poor

7

Western European economy

Rich and Industrialized

8

This continent dominated trade during the Industrial Revolution

Europe

9

In which government does NOT interfere with factories, entrepreneurship, etc.

Capitalism

10

In which government does interfere with factories, entrepreneurship, etc. There is one equal social class

Communism/ Socialism

11

Formed by workers for better working conditions and pay

Trade Unions

12

Written by Karl Marx, described how capitalism destroys society

The Communist Manifesto

13

Bourgeoisie

Upper Class

14

Proletariat

Lower Class

15

Revisionists

wanted peaceful political change

16

Government intervention in cities

-running water
-sewage systems
-heating

17

Government intervention in the workplace

checked for health hazards

18

Jobs such as typists, secretaries, sales clerks, teachers, and phone operators were given to (women, men)

women

19

Family size (increased, decreased) during the 2nd Industrial Revolution

Decreased

20

Why did family sizes change during the Industrial Revolution?

Easy access to birth control, and better economic conditions

21

Belief that all genders are equal. Specifically in Europe, emphasis was placed on getting women the right to own property and divorce

Feminism

22

Women fighting for the right to vote

Women's suffrage

23

Ability to read and write

Literacy

24

Leisure time (increased, decreased) during the 2nd Industrial Revolution

increased

25

What people did in their leisure time during the 2nd Industrial Revolution

Reading
Dancing
Sports
Amusement Parks

26

Name 3 British Social Reforms

Unemployment Benefits
Old Age Pensions
More Voting Rights

27

The two places democracy worked in Europe

Great Britain, Hungary

28

Spanish-American War

1898 conflict between Spain and US. Result of US intervention in Cuban Independence War. US won

29

Triple Alliance

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

30

Triple Entente

GB, France, Russia

31

Philosophical movement that arose from widescale transformations on western society

Modernism

32

Mental states are identified by what they do rather than what they are made of

Functionalism

33

Applied biological concepts or natural selection to people, gave illusion to a "superior race"

Social Darwinism

34

Hostility to Jews

Anti-semitism

35

Jewish nationalist movement, supported giving Jews their own state of Palestine

Zionism

36

Albert Einstein

German scientist/mathemetician

37

Wrote The Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx

38

pioneer of female nursing

Florence Nightingale

39

Leader of women's suffrage movement

Emmeline Pankhurst

40

Emperor of Austria who resisted constitutionalism

Francis Joseph

41

fired Otto von Bismarck

William II

42

Pablo Picasso

bold artist

43

Sigmund Freud

says human behavior is determined by past experiences and forces we're unaware of.

44

Smaller, lighter, faster version of iron

Steel