Pre- WW2 Conflict Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pre- WW2 Conflict Deck (39):
1

Causes of Great Depression

Farms overproducing, prices dropping, farmers losing money, US stops investing in Europe, US Stock Market crashing

2

Responses to Great Depression

Gov'ts lower wages and trade less
Communism popularizes
Dictators popularize

3

John Maynard Keynes

Argued for more gov't paid jobs, deficit spending

4

New Deal

gov't pays workers to build roads, bridges, post offices, air ports; Social Security; over 10 mil still unemployed

5

Hyperinflation

Drastic decrease in value of money

6

Reason for German hyperinflation

German gov't printed too much money to pay off debt from reparations

7

U.S. Dawes Plan

reduced Germany's payments, gave Germany loans, provided short prosperity

8

Main weakness of League of Nations

no military to enforce rules

9

Ruhr Valley

France invaded because Germany did not pay reparations

10

Treaty of Locarno

agreed on French- German borders

11

Kellogg-Braind Pact

63 nations sighed to not use war as foreign policy

12

Only democracies in Europe by 1939

GB and France

13

Totalitarian state

gov't controls political, economic, and social lives of citizens

14

Dictator of Italy

Benito Mussolini

15

Fascism

gov't controls people and eliminated opposition.

16

Effects of Fascism in Italy

-police can arrest for any reason
-all other political parties illegal
-media censored

17

New Economic Policy (NEP)

Lenin's policy that gave some control back to small farm or small business owners in Russia

18

Took over Russia after Lenin's death

Josef Stalin

19

Stalin's 5 year plan

plan to industrialize Russia in 5 years

20

Amount of people who starved during 5 year plan

10 million

21

Collectivization

small farms combined/ controlled by gov't

22

# people killed or enslaved in Siberia

8 million

23

Democracy in Eastern Europe failed due to...

-little industry
-low literacy
-ethnic conflicts
-history of strict rulers

24

Lead military Revolution in Spain, later became dictator

Francisco Franco

25

Adolf Hitler

dictator of Germany, rose to power due to promises of a better Germany

26

Mein Kampf

"My Struggle" Hitler's book to relate his "struggles" in life and popularize him further

27

Hitler's beliefs

Extreme German nationalism, anti-Semitism, anti-communism

28

Enabling Act

stated the German gov't could ignore the constitution for 4 years in order to "fix" Germany

29

Those who opposed Nazis went to....

concentration camps

30

Hitler's goal

conquer Europe for Aryan Race

31

Schutzstaffen (SS)

Controlled Hitler's secret police and later normal police

32

Heinrich Himmler

controlled SS

33

Nazi- sponsored events in order to further Hitler included....

rallies, youth programs, leisure activities, etc

34

Nuremberg Laws

took all rights away from Jews

35

Kristallnacht

"night of broken glass" 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed, 100 killed

36

Surrealism

abstract, nightmarish art displaying horrors of WW1

37

Salvador Dali

popularized surrealism

38

Uncertainty Principle

scientists realizing the amount of things yet to be discovered

39

Economic Depression

High unemployment and low economic activity