Industrial Revolution Flashcards Preview

Honors World History > Industrial Revolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Industrial Revolution Deck (55):
1

Enclosure Movement

forced peasants to move to towns

2

Cottage Industry

a business or manufacturing activity that is carried on in the home (responsible for increasing cotton trade)

3

James Watt

invented steam-powered engines

4

Used to power steam engines

Coal

5

Helped produce iron for machines and trains

Puddling

6

Punishment for incompetent workers

Fired workers
Fined workers
Beat workers

7

Important for transporting new goods/ huge amounts

Railroads

8

Manchester

Start of 32 mile cotton trade route. Led to Liverpool

9

Liverpool

Receiving end of 32-mile cotton route, trading port

10

Advantage of IR- new jobs for...

Peasants

11

Advantages of IR- ....prices of goods

reduced

12

Advantages of IR- ... profits for businessmen

more

13

Largest Industrial Economy in Europe

Great Britain

14

In the US, ___ and ___ were required for trade

Roads, Canals

15

Robert Fulton

built the 1st Steamboat

16

_____ miles of Railroad worldwide

30,000

17

Textile Factories

Many women and children worked there, produced textiles (cloth)

18

Industrial Middle Class

business/factory owners

19

Industrial Working Class

worked for the Middle Class

20

The working class often worked ___ to ___ hours a day

12, 16

21

Dangers of Coal mining

Poisonous fumes

22

Factory Act of 1833

Banned Child Labor

23

___% of people moved to cities to find work

50

24

Socialism/Communism

where the government owns factories instead of certain owners (ultimately failed)

25

Robert Owen

Believed that people could build a utopia

26

Entrepreneurs

Rich business owners/ factory owners

27

Congress of Vienna

Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria settling for peace terms

28

Conservatism

Being against change

29

Conservatism in Europe

obedience to the king, strong religion, no individual rights/revolutions

30

Liberalism

Very open to change

31

Liberalism in Europe

people should be as free as possible

32

Industrial Revolution

began in 1780s in Great Britain, helped to industrialize much of Europe and United States

33

Nationalism

The unification of people from loyalty to country & culture

34

1st Republic

NEW French Consitition

35

Universal Male Suffrage

All men can vote

36

1st president of France

Louis-Napoleon

37

# of Independent German State

38

38

Multinational State

many nationalities in one empire

39

German Constitution: Liberal or Conservative?

Liberal

40

Austrian territory that was given its own government

Hungary

41

Giuseppe Garibaldi

used army to overthrow kings in Italian territories.

42

Prussian Prime Minister

Otto von Bismarck

43

Territories surrendered by France

Alsace and Lorraine

44

Plebiscite

vote

45

-issued the Emancipation Edict in Russia
-assassinated

Czar Alexander II

46

Emancipation Edict

freed Russian serfs

47

abolitionism

anti-slavery

48

held the longest throne in history

Queen Victoria

49

Artistic reaction against the Enlightenment, stressed individualism, drama, feelings, etc.

Romanticism

50

came up with the germ theory

Louis Pasteur

51

led to less religious influence in the world

secularization

52

believed that plants and animals evolved from earlier, simpler forms of life

Charles Darwin

53

the theory that plants and animals evolve from simpler forms of life

Organic Evolution

54

some animals are more fit for life than others

Natural Selection

55

making realistic art and literature

Realism