French Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in French Revolution Deck (35):
1

2nd Estate

government and military officials

2

Electors

qualified French voters (only 30,000)

3

Directory

corrupt French government post-Revolution, pre-Napoleon

4

Republic of Virtue

program to create "good citizens"-instituted by Robespierre

5

Reign of Terror

France under control of Robespierre- 40,000 killed

6

Committee of Public Safety

a committee to kill opposers of the Revolution

7

Charlotte Corday

woman who stabbed Jean-Paul Marat

8

Maximilien Robespierre

led Committee of Public Safety- became power-crazy and eventually beheaded. Very pro-Revolution

9

Guillotine

French execution device- beheaded people with a large blade

10

Jacobins

in favor of killing King Louis XVI

11

3rd Estate

typically poor, hungry working class

12

Taille Tax

paid only by 3rd estate to government

13

Louis XVIII

Post-Napoleon French monarch

14

Bourgeoisie

middle class- part of 3rd Estate. merchants, bankers, lawyers, doctors, writers, etc. educated.

15

Tennis Court Oath

no one will leave the Tennis Court in which the Constitution is being written until it is finished

16

Bastille

French armory & prison destroyed by rebels

17

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

French Constitution

18

1st Estate

church authorities

19

Olympe de Gouges

French women's rights activist

20

Jean-Paul Marat

Most famous martyr of Revolution- wrote a newspaper about Revolution opposers and named them specifically

21

Georges Danton

Removed Monarchy of 1792- minister of Justice

22

Sans-culottes

"those without fancy pants" poor, starving group of protesters of the Revolution

23

Threatened to use force to restore Louis XVI, went to war with France

Austria

24

Attacked by France, retreated and won the attack

Russia

25

Duke of Wellington

defeated Napoleon in Waterloo, Belgium

26

National Assembly

French rebel organization that removed privileges of the 1st and 2nd Estate, worked heavily for rebellion

27

Unifying people based on language, religion, and national culture

Nationalism

28

Enemy of the French who had a strong army

Great Britain

29

French Constitution

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

30

Civil Code

gave French citizens legal equality, religious tolerance, no serfdom, choice of profession, etc.
-Developed by Napoleon

31

Girondins

in favor of keeping King Louis XVI alive

32

French gov't under Napoleon, supposed to be a republic, really a dictatorship

Consulate

33

Corveé tax

Slave labor- used as way of payment for those too poor to pay with money

34

Napoleon Bonaparte

Famous French leader who brought legal equality to France, conquered many European lands

35

coup d'etat

sudden overthrow of a government