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Flashcards in 3.1 Increasingly Urban Deck (7):
1

What is urbanisation?

Urbanisation is the growth in the proportion of a countries's population living in urban areas.

2

Which areas of the world had the highest rates of urbanisation from 1980 to 2010?(continents, developed, emerging, developing.

Urbanisation happened earliest in developed countries. England (industrial revolution 18/19 century) developed countries have a slow rate of urbanisation.
The fasted rates urbanisation are found in developed countries.
Emerging countries varies (china has a fast rate but Thailand is slower.

3

How has the level and the rate of urbanisation changed around the world from 2010 ro 2020?

In 2010 more people lived in urban areas than rural. By 2020 it is predicted that 53% of the population will live in urban areas.

4

How will the level and rate of urbanisation continue from 2020 onwards?

All continents will have over 50% of their population living in urban areas.
Asia will have 64% urban
Africa will grow to 58% by 2050 and still increasing ata similar rate.
More developed continents will have a slower rate of urbanisation by 2050.

5

What is a megacity?

A megacity is an urban area with over 10million people living there.

6

How has the number and location of megacities changed over time? Where are they and where has the greatest growth occurred?

In 1950 the biggest and most influential cities were in largely developed countries. (Only two megacities, Tokyo and new York),
By 2014 there wee 28 megacities and this number is still growing and predicted to be 41. More than two thirds of current megacities are in emerging/ developing countries mostly in asia. Dhaka, Karachi, Jakarta.

7

What is a primate city? (World city)

Primate cities have a much larger population than the other cities in the country, usually more than twice as many people than the next biggest city.
They influence the country economically: Investment(businesses, services), migration(highly skilled workers are attracted by better jobs), transport(international airport) and governments (headquarters of large businesses locate there, this means decisions about development favor the city instead of the country)