Flashcards in 3.3 Cities Change Over Time And City Land Use Deck (7):
Contrast urbanisation and counter urbanisation considering movement, time period, when it happened, wealth and qualifications of people.
Urbanisation.Population of a city growing, the industrial revolution and better transport attracted jobs to towns and cities grew. More factories were built as the population grew attracting high skilled workers. UK1760-1850
Counter urbanisation- people chose to leave larger towns and cities and move to rural areas in search of a better quality of life. This leads to population decline in cities. UK 1970-1980
What is suburbanisation and why did it happen?
When developed cities become too crowded and polluted and when people can afford to move out of the city centre to the new suburbs. Often in the edge of cities where the land is cheaper and the air is cleaner. UK early 20th century.
Why did counter urbanisation happen?
Counter urbanisation happens when people think they will have a higher quality of life in rural areas as apposed to rural areas.
Increased car ownership and public transport mean that people can live further from the city and still commute to work.
Improved communications make it easier to work from home. This also means some cities can re locate in rural areas.
What is re urbanisation and why does it happen?
After people move out the city due to counter urbanisation, government try and attract people back to the city with regeneration. They invest in high quality flats, office blocks and upgrade infrastructure. As soon as other businesses start to invest in urban areas, it attracts other businesses and people start to return. Young single people often want to live near their work and near good entertainment services.
What is the difference between commercial, industrial and residential land in urban areas.
Commercial-mostly found in CBD, low raise businesses and retail parks are found on the edge of cities, buildings are taller than the rest of the city and are of a higher density, eg office buildings, shopping centres and hotels. Canary wharf.
Residential- areas used for housings, usually found surrounding CBD and suburbs.
industrial-can be found on the edge of the city away from the centre. Close transport links move goods around and its a place of manufacturing.
Where do you find commerce, industrial and residential areas? (CBD, inner city, Suburbs, RUF)
Commerce areas are found mostly in the CBD
Industrial- can be found on the edge of the city, often inner city
Residential-found normally in the suburbs.