3.1 Reasons For Us Involvement In The Vietnam Conflict 1954-1963 Flashcards Preview

GCSE History USA - Vietnam War > 3.1 Reasons For Us Involvement In The Vietnam Conflict 1954-1963 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.1 Reasons For Us Involvement In The Vietnam Conflict 1954-1963 Deck (35)
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1

Who were the vietcong?

Vietnamese communists

2

What did NVA stand for ?

Northern Vietnamese army

3

What did ARVN stand for?

Army of the republic of vietnam (south vietnam)

4

What happened to vietnam after ww2?

Returned to the french , the former colonial power

5

Who occupied vietnam before ww2?

Vietnam was a french colony

6

Who occupied vietnam during ww2?

Japan

7

When did vietnam gain its independence?

August 1945

8

When did china become a communist state?

1949

9

What was the domino theory ?

The fear that if one state fell to communism (china ) the rest would

10

What was the relationship between us and ho chi minh?

Reluctant to help him as they did not trust him not to fall to communism

11

What started us involvement in 1950?

French appealed for us supoort . They paid 80% of french costs

12

What was the dien bien phu air strip?

Used to lire vietnam into battle. Used to bring 15000 troops to the french.

13

What was the battle of dien bien phu?

55 day battle between french forces(15000 troops ) and Vietnamh (50000 troops)who had anti air craft guns. The french eventually surrendered

14

When did the battle of dien bien phu start?

13 march 1954

15

Why did the vietnamh win the battle at dien bien phu?

-chinas help -supplied weapons , 20000 bikes , helped plan and also supplied troops
-local support-villagers helped, moved supplies , digger roads, spied on french
-vietnamh commitment-fighting for independence
- french problems-underestimated vietnamh, vietnamh well armed , supply planes shot down , troops lacked commitment
-local conditions- french built trap for themselves

16

What was the us reaction after the french left vietnam in 1954?

Eisenhower continued to support the south even though the new leader Ngo Dihn Diem was corrupt and unpopular. Eisenhower sent military advisors

17

When were the Geneva accords ?

1954

18

Who agreed to the Geneva accords and who didn't ?

Agreed by uk , cambodia , ussr , china , france , laos , north vietnam
Refused by us and south vietnam

19

Features of the Geneva accord ?

-vietnam divided along 17th parallel
-ho chi minh ran north
-bao dai ran south
-Vietnamese troops had 300 days to move south or north
-no foreign bases
Election would be held in 1956

20

Good things about geneva accords?

-choose which system to live under
-vietnam united under 1 government
-every country but 2 agreed

21

Bad things about Geneva accords ?

-still north and south divided
-no system of gov. Been suggested
-potential for communist gov. Chinas infkuence
-south did not agree

22

What did Eisenhower set up in 1954 to prevent the domino theory ?

South east asia treaty organisation (SEATO)

23

What did Eisenhower do in 1955 ?

Sent advisors to train ARVN

24

What did Eisenhower do in 1956 ?

Sent aid to south vietnam

25

What did Eisenhower do between 1956 and 1961?

Supported diem . Diem took his money but not his advice

26

What happened when Kennedy become president ?

Guirella tactics not working so moved to counter insurgency . Needed to gain support . Hamlet programme failed . Diem was unpopular and oppressing buddhists. Kennedy withdrew support and diem was overthrown and assassinated in 1963

27

When did Kennedy become president?

1961

28

When was Eisenhowers presidency?

1953-1961

29

Why was diem unpopular

-selfish , ignored us advice
-oppressed buddhists
-only gave jobs to family or catholics
-discriminatory
-most of the population was buddhist and he was a catholic
-corrupt and hated the poor

30

What did buddhists do in protest to diem?

Set themselves on fire