3.4 Changes Under Nixon 1969-1973 Flashcards Preview

GCSE History USA - Vietnam War > 3.4 Changes Under Nixon 1969-1973 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.4 Changes Under Nixon 1969-1973 Deck (16)
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1

What was Nixon's policy on vietnam?

Began peace talks and also withdrawing forces in 1969. At the same time he stepped up attacks

2

What did Nixon say in his speech?

He wanted to withdraw forces snd hand responsibility to the south to gain strength and prevent communism

3

What did the Nixon doctrine state?

-usa would withdraw honour treaties
-would provide support for troops
-but would withdraw

4

When was the Nixon doctrine?

1969

5

What was the aim of vietnamisatiom?

-strengthen vietnams forces to defend themselves , allowing the us forces to go home
-opposition dropped immediately
-began in 1969
-by end of year 60000 us troops withdrawn
-wanted to withdraw honourably

6

Why vietnamisation failed ?

South felt abandoned and gave a boost to the north . In reality the south were not strong enough to defend themselves

7

What was the result of the Nixon doctrine?

Massive increase in bombing, to try and force north into defeat

8

When did the us bomb Cambodia?

1970

9

What happened in the bombing of Cambodia?

Bombed ho chi minh trail , which was part of Cambodia. The bombing was done in secret to try and disrupt supply lines to the north , it didnt work. Cambodia was a neutral country

10

What was the result when the us found out about the bombing of Cambodia?

Congress was furious as it was ineffective , wanted less funding and a faster withdrawal

11

What happened in laos in 1971?

Us air support for south invasion to defeat vietcong in laos and destroy ho chi minh trail . Battle of tchapone was bloody and led to ARVN retreat

12

Why was Laos invasion of 1971 significant ?

Raised doubts about vietnamisation, as the bases attacked remained secure

13

Features of bombing of the north in 1972?

-operation line backer in response to north easter offensive of 1972
-heavy bombardment of the north
-damaged industry , supplies and Communication in north, china and ussr wanted a peace settlement

14

What was the significance of the bombing?

Very controversial , which led to more protest and unrest

15

Reasons for the failure of vietnamisation?

-hundred of thousands of tonnes of supplies destroyed or stolen and not enough soldiers
-congress restricted funds
-training was rushed , 75% had less than 1 year experience
-manuals in english , soldier couldnt read it
-economic crisis in south when billions in aid stopped
- us troops did not fight to win and drug use increased

16

When did the war end?

1975